Efficacy of selected physiotherapeutic procedures in the treatment of lumbar spine pain

Tomasz Miśkiewicz, Zbigniew Dudkiewicz, Robert Irzmański, Katarzyna Michalak, Elżbieta Poziomska-Piątkowska

Tomasz Miśkiewicz, Zbigniew Dudkiewicz, Robert Irzmański, Katarzyna Michalak, Elżbieta Poziomska-Piątkowska – Efficacy of selected physiotherapeutic procedures in the treatment of lumbar spine pain. Fizjoterapia Polska 2018; 18(3); 12-28

Abstract
Aim of the study. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of selected sets of physiotherapeutic procedures for pain in the lumbosacral segment caused by degenerative disease.
Materials and Methods. The study involved 45 patients with pain syndromes within the lumbosacral spine, who underwent a series of physiotherapy treatments. The subjects were divided into four groups. Three groups were divided depending on the applied sets of physiotherapy treatments, while the fourth group (comparative) were those taking only non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for the duration of a series of treatments in the remaining groups. The patients were examined using the questionnaire of their own questionnaire, the SF-36 questionnaire (vol.2) of the short questionnaire version (Poland version), Lovett test, Laitinen scale and diagnostic tests (Laseque, Bragard, Thomayer). The tests were carried out immediately before the treatment series and two weeks after its completion.
Results. The subjects were aged 45-65. 71.1% were women and 28.9% were men. 13.3% of people were physically active. Spinal osteoarthritis was the cause of pain in all patients participating in the study. In the research group, a statistically significant difference was found between the results of the severity of pain, the level of muscle strength and the quality of life measured before physiotherapy and 2 weeks after its completion. In 90% of people participating in the procedures, an increase in muscle strength was obtained, whereas in the control group only in 6%. The improvement of the ranges of mobility in the discussed section of the spine concerned 46.6% of the subjects participating in the treatment series. In the comparison group, none of the patients improved their range of motion.
Conclusions. Physiotherapeutic treatments have a positive effect on the reduction of pathological symptoms of the lumbosacral spine. They have a positive effect on improving the quality of life, muscle strength, ranges of mobility and reducing or completely removing pain. Regardless of the applied set of physiotherapeutic treatments, they worked better than the intake of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs by patients.

Key words:
physiotherapy, degenerative disease, lumbosacral segment, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

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