Physiotherapy in HIV/AIDS infected patients – case presentation, principles of prevention

Włodzisław Kuliński

W. Kuliński – Physiotherapy in HIV/AIDS infected patients – case presentation, principles of prevention. Fizjoterapia Polska 2018; 18(3); 6-10

Abstract
Introduction. The first cases of the disease known as acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) were described in 1981. According to the WHO, more than 35 million people worldwide have been diagnosed with HIV since then. The number of HIV-infected individuals in Poland is estimated at 35 000. The disease is associated with changes involving, among others, the central and peripheral nervous system and the musculoskeletal system. Patients are referred for physical treatment due to lower limb paresis, disturbed sphincter function and coordination as well as acute articular pain.
Material and methods. The paper presents physical treatment and rehabilitation conducted in HIV-infected patients with these problems. The principles of preventing HIV infection in the staff of the Division performing the procedures are also described together with HIV infection prophylaxis.
Conclusion. The principles of prevention and timely preventive measures may help the staff avoid HIV infection.

Key words:
HIV/AIDS infection, physiotherapy, principles of prevention

 

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