Comparison of Physical Capacity in Swimming and Non-swimming Children Aged 10-12

Aleksandra Kruk, Joanna Spurek, Marek Kiljański

Aleksandra Kruk, Joanna Spurek, Marek Kiljański – Comparison of Physical Capacity in Swimming and Non-swimming Children Aged 10-12. Fizjoterapia Polska 2018; 18(3); 36-44

Abstract
Objective. The supreme objective of this study was to compare the physical capacity of swimming children and the children that do not do any physical activity, aged 10-12.
Materials and methods. The research was conducted among 60 children, of whom 30 swim regularly and the other half do not exercise physically at all. The research subjects included 13 girls and 17 boys aged 10-12. The study used a questionnaire as well as two exercise tests: Ruffier test and 6-minute march test.
Results. It was noted in the endurance tests that swimming persons had better results than the persons who do not do sports. The Ruffier test demonstrated that the physical performance of swimmers was better at almost every level. The 6-minute march test demonstrated that swimmers are able to cover a longer distance with a smaller effort than the physically passive persons. When analysing the results from the statistical point of view, one may note a relationship between the regularity of physical activity and the degree physical capacity.
Conclusions. The capacity of the children who are physically active is greater than of those who are not. The results are also affected by ways of spending free time and the amount of time devoted daily to activity.

Key words:
physical capacity, swimming, movement, physical activity

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