Faulty posture – analysis among school-age children and assessment of parents’ knowledge of prevention and correction

Renata Sawicka

Renata Sawicka – Faulty posture – analysis among school-age children and assessment of parents’ knowledge of prevention and correction. Fizjoterapia Polska 2018; 18(3); 56-63

Abstract
Introduction. The objective of this study is to analyse the frequency of faulty posture among school-age children. Additionally, the author will attempt to evaluate whether the place of residence affects the frequency of faulty posture and early diagnosis of faulty posture. Additionally, the level of parents’ knowledge of prevention and correction of faulty posture was analysed.
Materials and methods. The assessment covered 118 children aged 9-13, 58 of whom are girls and 60 – boys. Body posture assessment used the Kasperczyk point method consisting in observation of body structure while standing. The data collected was entered in an Excel database. The percentage rates were calculated for girls and boys separately, too. The statistical analysis was based on the Chi2 Test. Girls and boys were compared in terms of distribution of results in the scope of the respective variables analysed. In order to learn of parents’ knowledge of prevention and correction of faulty posture, a diagnostics survey was conducted in the form of a questionnaire.
Results. The author found that 33% school-age children demonstrate faulty posture and that there is no statistically significant difference between gender and frequency of faulty posture. It was demonstrated that faulty posture appears in children living both in cities and villages. It was proven there is no statistically relevant relationship between the place of residence and the age of diagnosing faulty posture. It follows from the research conducted that parents are aware of the causes of faulty posture and the ways of correcting it.
Conclusions. 1. School-age children continue to demonstrate faulty posture. 2. There is no statistically relevant relationship between gender and frequency of faulty posture. 3. The place of residence does not have a significant effect on diagnosis of faulty posture. . Parents are aware of prevention and correction of faulty posture. 5. The common prevalence of faulty posture should make parents, guardians and teachers observe children’s development so as to allow early therapeutic intervention.

Key words:
faulty posture, body posture, prevention, correction

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