Incidence of degenerative and proliferative changes in the spine

Renata Sawicka

R. Sawicka – Incidence of degenerative and proliferative changes in the spine. Fizjoterapia Polska 2018; 18(2); 44-50

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to conduct a retrospective analysis of the medical documentation concerning the patients treated by the Physiotherapy Unit of the Teodor Dunin Mazovian Hospital in Rudka in 2017, in order to determine the frequency of degenerative and proliferative changes in the spine depending on the subject’s age group, place of residence and sex.
Materials and methodology. The retrospective method was used to determine the incidence of spinal degeneration, which made it possible to examine a large numer of subjects – 1032 women and 553 men, 1589 subjects in total. The data was entared in the Excel database. The parcentage was calculated separately for all women and for all men. The Chi2 test was used for statistical analysis. Women and men were compared in terms of the distribution of results in the scope of particular analysed variables. Statistically significant results at level p < 0,05 are indicated by *. Results. It has been concuded that degenerative and proliferative changes in the spine are the most common disease. They usually occur in 61-70 age group degenerative and proliferative L-S spinal changes are more often reported among women living in the country side, and more often for men living in urban areas. Conclusions: 1. Degenerative and proliferative changes in the spine constitute the most common disease. 2. Degenerative and proliferative changes are more common in the L-S spine 3. The men are more likely to have degenerative and proliferative in LS spine than women. 4. The women are more likely to have degenerative and proliferative in Cspine than men. 5. People in 61-70 age group are most often affected by the degenerative disease of the spine. 6. Degenerative and proliferative spinal changes are more common among women living in the country. 7. Degenerative and proliferative spinal changes are more common among men living in urban areas. Key words: degenerative and proliferative changes, spine, retrospectiv explorations

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