Małgorzata Kilon, Agnieszka Przedborska, Joanna Kostka, Agnieszka Leszczyńska, Jan W. Raczkowski
M. Kilon, A. Przedborska, J. Kostka, A. Leszczyńska, J. W. Raczkowski – Factors influencing functional performance of patients after hip joint arthroplasty. Fizjoterapia Polska 2019; 19(2); 122-128
Aim. The aim of the study was to assess factors affecting functional status of patients after total unilateral hip arthroplasty.
Material and methods. A total of 50 patients (33 women, 17 men), aged 29-88 years (mean 66,7 ± 13 years) with unilateral hip joint prosthesis were included in the study. The assessment of the balance and gait function was made on the basis of the following tests: Tinetti, Timed Up and Go (TUG) and the two scales test, on the basis of which the Symmetry Index (SI) was calculated. The degree of pain sensation while walking on a flat surface and on stairs and the level of stiffness were estimated using the Likert scale. To assess the ability to perform simple and complex daily activities, the Katz ADL (Activities of Daily Living) and the Lawton IADL (Instrumental Activities of Daily Living) scales were used. Self-assessment of the quality of life was also made on the basis of a numerical rating scale. Moreover, the body mass index (BMI) was calculated.
Results. Age of patients, pain and stiffness determined the majority of test results and functional scales. Patients suffering from more diseases achieved worse results in the Tinetti test. Only the severity of pain while climbing the stairs affected the SI result. Patients reporting more severe pain and morning stiffness were characterized by poorer self-assessment of their quality of life.
Conclusions. Age, pain and morning stiffness affect the functional status and the quality of life of patients with unilateral hip prosthesis. BMI and the time that elapsed since surgery did not affect the patients’ condition.
hip joint arthroplasty, quality of life, functional status
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