Thermographic assessment of radiation induced by cryostimulation of both lower limbs and analysis of changes in children with cerebral palsy

Zbigniew Śliwiński, Zdzisław Zagrobelny, Jan Talar, Piotr Płaza, Bartłomiej Halat, Marek Kiljański

Zbigniew Śliwiński, Zdzisław Zagrobelny, Jan Talar, Piotr Płaza, Bartłomiej Halat, Marek Kiljański – Thermographic assessment of radiation induced by cryostimulation of both lower limbs and analysis of changes in children with cerebral palsy. Fizjoterapia Polska 2003; 3(4); 316-330

Abstract

Background. The authors presented the examine of changes temperature results in the children’s with the cerebral palsy legs, which were registrated during treatment in the Rehabilitation Center in Zgorzelec. Material and methods. The changes temperature were checkted by the camera Agema 570 before the treatment and four weeks later. The spastic tension was checked also using the Mionotometer Szirmai and Ashworth test and Brunstrom test. Spontaneous motorial evaluation and the level motorial development were checked using own scale. Results and conclusions. The results shown that the using the cryostimulation in the treatment children with the cerebral palsy decrease the spastic tension in the legs and the spontaneous motorial evaluation was better, the range of motion in joins also were better after treatment. The termal pictures shown that arterial play in the children’s legs was adapted to the cryogenic temperatures.

Key words:
thermoregulation, local cryotherapy, termovision, spastic tension, spontaneous motorial evaluation
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Medical massage as a rational treatment following facial skeleton surgery

Krzysztof Kassolik, Henryk Kaczkowski, Hanna Wojtoń, Waldemar Andrzejewski, Piotr Zachariasiewicz, Ewa Trzęsicka, Marek Kiljański

Krzysztof Kassolik, Henryk Kaczkowski, Hanna Wojtoń, Waldemar Andrzejewski, Piotr Zachariasiewicz, Ewa Trzęsicka, Marek Kiljański – Medical massage as a rational treatment following facial skeleton surgery. Fizjoterapia Polska 2007; 7(1); 87-92

Abstract

The main aim of postoperative management following surgery of the facial skeleton is to prevent potential postoperative complications. As a result of disruption of the continuity of tissue, there is swelling within the operated area, as well as subcutaneous extravasation of blood and hyperaesthesia of facial skin. The authors have developed an approach to reduce or completely eliminate those inconveniences and thus shorten convalescence time using medical massage. Initially, normal superficial sensitivity of facial skin is restored by stroking from the medial line of the face towards the ear concha, starting from the lower jaw line and ending in the forehead. Next, the peristaltic movement in lymphatic vessels diverting lymph within the head and neck is stimulated by moving the skin over deeper lying tissues within the physiological range of skin mobility. Circular movements are made with a brush for 2-4 min., and slight pressure is applied to the skin over the haematoma area in order to accelerate the resorption of subcutaneous discoloration ensuing from extravasation of blood. The last stage of the treatment is aimed at reducing pain and tenderness in the operated area. We use vibration of < 1 mm amplitude and frequency of 50-100 Hz, which guarantees analgesia for 2-3 hours. The treatment reduces postoperative discomfort afflicting patients already during the first 24 hours after surgery.

Key words:
massage therapy, oedema, hypersensitivity
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The effect of Kinesio Taping applications on motor activity in children with developmental defects

Zbigniew Śliwiński, Bartłomiej Halat, Wojciech Kufel, Beata Michalak, Marek Kiljański

Zbigniew Śliwiński, Bartłomiej Halat, Wojciech Kufel, Beata Michalak, Marek Kiljański – The effect of Kinesio Taping applications on motor activity in children with developmental defects. Fizjoterapia Polska 2007; 7(1); 52-62

Abstract

Background. The authors present the results of a study of children with developmental defects who underwent a comprehensive physiotherapeutic treatment with the Kinesio Taping method. The children were aged 18 months to 8 years. All patients took part in a 4-week rehabilitation programme at the Rehabilitation Centre in Zgorzelec. Material and methods. The study included 30 children of both sexes. All patients underwent a medical and physiotherapeutic examination, which was the basis for designing a Kinesio Taping-based rehabilitation plan. The application of Kinesio Taping was preceded by Kinesio Taping screening tests, Vojta’s screening tests and an assessment of spontaneous motor activity. The final stage of the study involved analysis of study results and assessment of the utility of the screening tests. Results. Our observations supported by the test results and their analysis prove that Kinesio Taping is a very useful physiotherapeutic modality. If applied properly, it is a valuable adjunct to therapeutic rehabilitation. Kinesio Taping enables the control of muscle tone, which directly translates into new possibilities of locomotor activity of the patients. This method helps to reduce paraesthesias and oedemas. Conclusions. Kinesio Taping applications influenced muscle and fascia tone in our study. Kinesio Taping can be used in combination with other procedures. There are no absolute contraindications to the use of Kinesio Taping as part of comprehensive physiotherapeutic management.

Key words:
developmental defects, Kinesio Taping screening tests, Kinesio Taping applications
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The importance of quality in the practice of physiotherapy. The case of the Regional Specialised Paediatric Hospital in Kielce

Wojciech Kiebzak, Małgorzata Starczyńska, Zbigniew Śliwiński, Ireneusz M. Kowalski, Lucyna Robak, Marek Kiljański, Marek Woszczak, Magdalena Jaskólska-Pisiewicz

Wojciech Kiebzak, Małgorzata Starczyńska, Zbigniew Śliwiński, Ireneusz M. Kowalski, Lucyna Robak, Marek Kiljański, Marek Woszczak, Magdalena Jaskólska-Pisiewicz – The importance of quality in the practice of physiotherapy. The case of the Regional Specialised Paediatric Hospital in Kielce. Fizjoterapia Polska 2007; 7(2), 133-144

Abstract

Background. The aim of this paper was to show that procedures used within the framework of therapeutic management at the Regional Specialised Paediatric Hospital in Kielce improve the quality of service, which is the main condition for the hospital to remain on the market of health service providers. The high quality of services has been confirmed by the recent conferring of an accreditation certificate which requires that the hospital operate on the basis of a number of documented procedures, instructions and standards. The therapeutic activities of the hospital are based on a set of instructions providing detailed guidelines concerning the management of particular medical conditions. Material and methods. The study included children who were hospitalized or treated on an outpatient basis. Patient management was based on a set of instructions. An anonymous questionnaire concerning the quality of treatment and the level of satisfaction with the service was distributed among the children’s guardians and parents. Results. In the first and the second half of the year 2005, 95% and 86% of parents respectively assessed service quality as very good. 92% of parents gave the rating of very good in the first half of the year 2006 and 79% did so in the second half of the year. These results confirmed the high quality and efficacy of as well as satisfaction with the treatment received by the children. Conclusions. The observance of specified instructions during the therapeutic process improves the quality of service and minimizes the possibility of medical malpractice.

Key words:

quality, standard, instructions, rehabilitation treatment

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Body equilibrium assessment in patients with degenerative changes after whole-body cryostimulation connected with physiotherapy

Marek Kiljański, Zbigniew Śliwiński, Wojciech Kufel, Wojciech Kiebzak, Marek Woszczak

Marek Kiljański, Zbigniew Śliwiński, Wojciech Kufel, Wojciech Kiebzak, Marek Woszczak – Body equilibrium assessment in patients with degenerative changes after whole-body cryostimulation connected with physiotherapy. Fizjoterapia Polska 2007; 7(3); 286-298

Abstract
Background. The authors present the results obtained in a group of 126 participants. The aim of the study was to determine whether a four-week program of physiotherapy including whole-body cryostimulation, applied in patients with degenerative changes in the spine, influences their body equilibrium and pain sensation. Material and methods. The examined group comprised 66 patients with degenerative changes in the lumbar spine, while the control group consisted of 60 participants. Apart from an individually designed rehabilitation program, each patient participated in 20 sessions of whole-body cryostimulation. The measurement of lumbosacral spine mobility and the assessment of pain sensation using the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) were performed before the first and after the last session. Moreover, after the first, tenth and twentieth session of general cryostimulation, measurements on a stabilometric platform were conducted. The healthy participants, who were qualified as the control group, underwent tests on the stabilometric platform after one session in the cryogenic chamber. The aim of these tests was to compare the differences in the stabilogram curve in healthy individuals and patients with degenerative changes in the lumbar spine. The effect of cryostimulation procedures on pain sensation and mobility of the lumbosacral spine was assessed. Additionally, the effect of cryogenic temperatures on body equilibrium was studied. Results. The comparison of the results, obtained before the procedure and after completing the therapy indicates that general cryostimulation in a physiotherapeutic program for patients with degenerative changes in the lumbar spine contributes to relaxation of excessively tense muscles. Conclusions. The use of whole body cryostimulation in patients with degenerative changes in the lumbosacral spine, combined with a properly designed and managed physiotherapeutic program, decreases pain sensation in a statistically significant way. The application of cryogenic temperatures, combined with physiotherapeutic program, favourably affect patient body equilibrium.
Słowa kluczowe
physiotherapy, spine, cryostimulation, coordination, stabilometric platform
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Assessment of the efficacy of local cryotherapy in children with cerebral palsy

Marek Woszczak, Zbigniew Śliwiński, Marek Kiljański, Wojciech Kiebzak, Marcin Szczepanik, Wiesław Tomaszewski

Marek Woszczak, Zbigniew Śliwiński, Marek Kiljański, Wojciech Kiebzak, Marcin Szczepanik, Wiesław Tomaszewski – Assessment of the efficacy of local cryotherapy in children with cerebral palsy. Fizjoterapia Polska 2007; 7(3); 275-285

Abstract
Background. The author presents the results of a study of 60 children with infantile cerebral palsy carried out at a rehabilitation centre in the town of Zgorzelec. The study aimed to demonstrate that a 4-week programme of customised kinesiotherapy with cryostimulation of the lower limbs with liquid nitrogen vapour could have a beneficial effect on motor status as well as muscle tone and skin surface temperature in children with infantile cerebral palsy. Material and methods. A group of children of both sexes aged 3-14 with infantile cerebral palsy underwent 4 weeks of customised kinesiotherapy combined with cryostimulation of both lower limbs. Muscle tone was determined with a Szirmai myotonometer using special methodology. The level of spasticity was estimated with the Ashworth test, and motor activity assessment was made before and after the treatment according to a score table designed by the authors. Thermovisual recordings of skin surface temperature in the lower limbs were made immediately before and 5 and 15 minutes after cryostimulation procedures at the beginning and end of the 4-week programme. Results and Conclusions. A comparison of the results of the motor activity assessment, Ashworth test and myotonometry before and after the rehabilitation programme shows that the use of cryostimulation in the rehabilitation of children with infantile cerebral palsy results in a reduction of spasticity in the lower limbs and improvement in motor activity. Thermovisual analysis of skin surface temperature demonstrates full adaptation of the children’s vascular system, i.e. excellent safety of topical cryostimulation.
Key words:
infantile cerebral palsy, spastic muscle tone, local cryostimulation, Ashworth test, motor activity assessment, Szirmai myotonometer, thermovision
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Physiotherapist Ethical Code in Polish Republic

Wojciech Kiebzak, Krzysztof Gieremek, Marian Florczyk, Marek Kiljański

Wojciech Kiebzak, Krzysztof Gieremek, Marian Florczyk, Marek Kiljański – Physiotherapist Ethical Code in Polish Republic. Fizjoterapia Polska 2009; 9(3); 266-272

Abstract
Work is what differs human beings from other creatures. A man as a subjective existence is capable of intentional and methodical actions. A man aims at finding self-fulfillment; he decides about his own future and the future of others. Work is being done with others and for others. Work has a common naturę. The concern for a human dignity and common good re-quires obsen/ance ofcrucial values and ethical norms as well as adopting certain attitudes resulting from them. Showing re-lations between a physiotherapist and a patient, the Ethical Code of Physiotherapist outlines professional and ethical beha-viors in those relations. The Code is not limited only to those special relations, it also includes the obligations of a physiotherapist towards society doctors and associales. Among seven chapters, there are those which determine ways ofrespon-sible preparation for this profession and constant training. Therefore, the code deserves the highest recognition. Its first sen-tence, reffering to phisiotherapisfs life and work.: „to honor rights and dignity of every human being is the soul and the ve-ry fundamenta! thought of this code. This code should be extremely helpful for students as well. Deontology as professional ethics expects from aplicants for the university to make not only free but will be responsible for the well-being of men. Therefore, bearing in mind his future professional duties, he should primum non nocere!!!
Key words:
Physiotherapist Ethical Code
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Congresses of Polish Physiotherapists Associations in the years 1962-2011

Sławomir Jandziś, Teresa Pop, Dorota Szczygielska, Marek Kiljański

Sławomir Jandziś, Teresa Pop, Dorota Szczygielska, Marek Kiljański – Congresses of Polish Physiotherapists Associations in the years 1962-2011. Fizjoterapia Polska 2012; 12(2); 179-187

Abstract
The authors have described XV Congresses of the Polish Physiotherapists Associations held in the years 1962-2011. They have presented the congresseses’ sites, organizers, topics, invited guests from within and outside the country, the results of national election of next associations and the most important resolutions. The thesis is a result of research on activities of the Section of Physical Education Masters working in Rehabilitation of the Polish Association of Disabled People (PTWK) transformed into the Physiotherapy of PTWK Section, and then into the Polish Society of Physiotherapy. Following terms are used in this thesis: archival materials from the repository PTWK act, reports on the activities of PTF, materials from the National Congresses of physiotherapists environment, professional medical press and few studies. Analysis of these documents shows that the activities of Associations of Polish Physiotherapists in the years 1962-2011 had a significant contribution to the development of medical rehabilitation in Poland.
Key words:
Polish Society of Physiotherapists, history, Congresses
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The use of pedobarography in physiotherapeuticprocedures – analysis of educationstandards, fields of application – and reality; part 2

Aleksandra Bitenc-Jasiejko, Krzysztof Konior, Monika Brzózka, Andrzej Garstka, Marek Kiljański, Danuta Lietz-Kijak

A. Bitenc-Jasiejko, K. Konior, M. Brzózka, A. Garstka, M. Kiljański, D. Lietz-Kijak – The use of pedobarography in physiotherapeuticprocedures – analysis of educationstandards, fields of application – and reality; part 2. Fizjoterapia Polska 2020; 20(4); 122-136

Abstract

Diagnosis of human body posture and assessment of functionality, in physiotherapeutic procedures, is mainly carried out by viewing methods and by photogrammetric or videogrammetric methods, which do not provide angular measurements, anthropometric, time-space measurements, etc. Highly specialized imaging tests are medical procedures, which significantly affects their availability. Also, in terms of their economics, application and invasiveness. Thus, their purpose is significantly limited in the initial diagnostics process, and in particular in current physiotherapeutic assessment.
In the world, for over 30 years, gait, balance, selected biomechanics parameters and body functionality have been evaluated by pedobarography. However, other scientific studies of the authors indicate that the method is very little known in Poland by medical staff. Despite the fact that it has been included in the list of guaranteed benefits since 2011, no procedures for its implementation have been specified. An important aspect of pedobarography is the consistency of its directions of use with the standards of training the profession of a physiotherapist. The obvious and logical conclusion is that the lack of knowledge in the area of the method does not allow its development. An important issue is to assess whether education standards are directly consistent with the directions of pedobarography in the rehabilitation process.

Key words:

rehabilitation, physiotherapy, posture tests, gait tests, feet, foot defects, pedobarography, orthopedics, rehabilitation, neurology

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Medical devices prescribed in the practice of physiotherapy

Mateusz Curyło, Marlena Rynkiewicz-Andryśkiewicz, Marcin Mikos, Marek Kiljański, Zbigniew Śliwiński, Jan W. Raczkowski

M. Curyło, M. Rynkiewicz-Andryśkiewicz, M. Mikos, M. Kiljański, Z. Śliwiński, J. W. Raczkowski – Wyroby medyczne wydawane na zlecenie w praktyce fizjoterapeuty. Fizjoterapia Polska 2020; 20(3); 180-183

Abstract
The act on the profession of physiotherapy was a long-awaited legal regulator regulating the profession of physiotherapy. Physiotherapy became not only an independent medical profession, but also a profession of public trust.
The provisions of the act on the profession of physiotherapy have resulted in the introduction of further legislative changes, including those regarding the possibility of prescribing medical devices.
In practice, this regulation filled the gaps in the scope of competences of physiotherapists. Pursuant to the new regulations, the list of medical devices that can be prescribed by physiotherapists with the right to independently provide physiotherapeutic services has been extended, with simultaneous differentiation of competences in this area for masters of physiotherapy and specialists in the field of physiotherapy.
Key words:
medical devices, act on the profession of physiotherapy, competences of physiotherapists, list of medical devices
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