Joanna Kałuża-Pawłowska, Iwona Serwin, Robert Serwin, Marek Kiljański
J. Kałuża-Pawłowska, I. Serwin, R. Serwin, M. Kiljański – Characteristics of injuries and injuries of water polo players. Fizjoterapia Polska 2018; 18(4); 94-101
Introduction. Sports injury is usually referred to as contusion. It is an injury that can be experienced during physical activity, of a sporting nature, mainly during training and competitions, causing sports injuries, which results in a temporary or total exclusion from further participation in sports activities.
Objective. The objective of the article is to assess the characteristics of injuries among water polo players.
Material and method. The study was carried out on the basis of the diagnostic survey method developed by the authors, with the consent of the coach and players. The questionnaire contained 20 questions, both open and metric. The questions concerned injuries and physiotherapy. The study involved 52 players of Polish sports clubs aged 15 to 30 who have played water polo for not less than 5 years.
Results. None of the studied players during their career had more than 15 injuries, however 100% of players suffered at least one injury. The most common situation in which players experienced injuries was training in the pool – 75%. After injury, in 42% of cases the examined water polo players unfortunately did not use physiotherapists. The studied water polo players most often suffered an injury of the shoulder joint – 35.1%, 26.4% of fingers, 17.5% of wrists, and 10.5% of elbows.
Conclusions. 1. Most often injuries occurred during training in the pool, which arises from low reliability of warm-ups and exercises being incorrectly performed by the players. 2. The most vulnerable parts of the body are shoulder, wrist and finger joints. 3. Water polo is a contact sport with a high level of the incidence of traumas, causing damage to joint capsules, stressing ligaments and muscles in the above-mentioned parts of the body. 4. Increasing awareness and access to professional physiotherapy will allow athletes to return to fitness levels as before the injury more quickly and prevent further injuries.
water polo, sports injury, physiotherapy in sport
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