Correlation among quality of life and physical activity toward body age, hydration and fat percentage

Yudik Prasetyo, Sumaryanto, Ahmad Nasrulloh, Krisnanda Dwi Apriyanto, Rizki Mulyawan, Susanto, Gunathevan, Frederick


Yudik Prasetyo, Sumaryanto, Ahmad Nasrulloh, Krisnanda Dwi Apriyanto, Rizki Mulyawan, Susanto, Gunathevan, Frederick – Correlation among quality of life and physical activity toward body age, hydration and fat percentage. Fizjoterapia Polska 2022; 22(2); 168-173

Abstract
Introduction. Having good healthy habits and making physical activity a lifestyle is everyone’s dream. Along with improving the quality of life and physical activity, it is expected to affect a person’s body age, hydration level, and fat percentage. Methods. This research is an analytic observational study conducted with a cross sectional approach. Observational analytical research is done by observing, without any action from the researcher. The research subjects were 35 students. Students with cardiovascular and respiratory disorders, who were on an exercise program, and had a history of fractures in the past 3 months or deformities of the arms, were excluded from this study. Students who were 18-21 years old, had a BMI below 30, and did not smoke or drink alcohol were involved in this study. Results. Significant correlation with p-value<0.01 in causality relationship between body age and hydration with Pearson value −0.751, body age and fat percentage 0.773, and Pearson value hydration and fat percentage −0.990. In addition, a significant correlation between quality of life and hydration has a Pearson value of −0.338. Quality of life and physical activity are not related and have a p-value of 0.39. Conclusion. The relationship between body age and hydration, and hydration with fat percentage has a very significant positive relationship. However, quality of life has no correlation with physical activity.
Key words:
quality of life, physical activity, body mass
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Life quality of patients with idiopathic scoliosis treated with Chenêau Brace

Tomasz Urbański, Mateusz Curyło, Karina Rożek, Dariusz Lusina, Katarzyna Placek, Jan W. Raczkowski


Tomasz Urbański, Mateusz Curyło, Karina Rożek, Dariusz Lusina, Katarzyna Placek, Jan W. Raczkowski – Life quality of patients with idiopathic scoliosis treated with Chenêau Brace. Fizjoterapia Polska 2022; 22(2); 136-143

Abstract
Objective. The main objective of this study was to determine the effect of wearing a Chêneau brace on the quality of life of patients with idiopathic scoliosis.
Methodology. The study used a short questionnaire that consisted of 12 questions – 4 questions about demographics and 8 questions about quality of life. The investigated aspects of life included difficulty in performing daily activities, feelings of embarrassment, sleep discomfort, irritability, and patients’ perceived benefits of this treatment procedure. Questionnaires were filled during follow-up visits. The study was conducted on a group of 30 patients aged 9–16 years treated for at least 6 months. Among the respondents there were 22 females and 8 males.
Results. Despite the small study group, the results of the statistical analysis confirmed the hypothesis that the brace significantly affects the quality of life of patients and has a greater impact on the quality of life of the female gender due to the disruption of aesthetics and the associated sense of shame. An association was observed between the sense of shame related to wearing a brace and the desire to “hide” the brace under clothing, as well as the perception of the benefits of wearing a brace and a lower sense of shame.
Conclusion. In the processes of rehabilitation and treatment of the patient with idiopathic scoliosis, a holistic approach that considers not only activities related directly to physiology, but also to patients’ well-being and quality of life is important.
Key words:
idiopathic scoliosis, Chêneau brace, quality of life
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Long term effect of physical therapy program in refractory anginal patients: A randomized controlled trial

Mai Abd El Naby Mohamed, Zeinab Mohamed Helmy, Bassant Hamdy Elrefaey, Iman Hassan Abdusalam, Abd Elghany M. Abd Elghany

Mai Abd El Naby Mohamed, Zeinab Mohamed Helmy, Bassant Hamdy Elrefaey, Iman Hassan Abdusalam, Abd Elghany M. Abd Elghany – Long term effect of physical therapy program in refractory anginal patients: A randomized controlled trial. Fizjoterapia Polska 2021; 21(5); 190-194

Abstract
Background. Despite number of effective pharmacological treatments and the success of interventional cardiology, many patients still experience resistive symptoms, or what is called Refractory Angina (RA), that markedly impairs quality of life (QoL). Aim. to investigate the effect of exercise training (ET) program in addition to TENS on endothelial function, QoL and physical work capacity (PWC) in patients with RA. Methods. forty male patients, suffering from chronic RA were randomly assigned into two equal groups. Group (A) received conventional TENS program in addition to ET program for five months, while group (B) subjected to only TENS for five months. Assessment was performed before treatment (pre), after 8 weeks (post I), after treatment (post II), and after more 4 weeks for both groups (post III). Outcome assessment included: endothelial function using flow-mediated dilation (FMD), QoL using The Seattle Angina Questionnaire (SAQ) and PWC using the 6-minute walk test (6MWT). Results. there was a significant improvement of the FMD in group (A) with no significant difference in group (B). Comparing between both groups showed that SAQ scores and 6MWT improved significantly in both groups with greater improvements in group (A) than group (B). Conclusion. The addition of ET program to TENS resulted in more improvement in endothelial function, PWC, and QoL in patients with RA.
Key words:
refractory angina, exercise training, TENS, endothelial function, quality of life
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Impact of aerobic versus resistive training on functional capacity in acute myeloid leukemia survivors: a comparative study

Mahmoud Saber Aref, Azza Abdelaziz Abd-Elhady, Raffat Mohammed Abd-Elfattah, Heba Ahmed Ali Abdeen

Mahmoud Saber Aref, Azza Abdelaziz Abd-Elhady, Raffat Mohammed Abd-Elfattah, Heba Ahmed Ali Abdeen – Impact of aerobic versus resistive training on functional capacity in acute myeloid leukemia survivors: a comparative study. Fizjoterapia Polska 2021; 21(5); 38-43

Abstract
Background. Cancer-related fatigue is a persistent symptom in acute myeloid leukemia survivors, with associated decreased functional capacity, which further deteriorates their quality of life. The current study aimed to compare between the impact of aerobic training and resistive training on functional capacity in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) survivors. Fifty nine patients with AML from both sexes aged between 35 and 45 years,were selected from hematology department in (BLINDED FOR PEER REVIEW), where the study was conducted. Patients were randomly assigned into two groups; Group (A) underwent aerobic training in the form of cycling within 50-60% of maximum heart rate. Group (B) underwent resistive training conducted in the form of a series of exercises using free weights, and dumbbells. Sessions were carried out three times per week, for a total of eight weeks period. Six minute walk test (6MWT), 10 repetitions maximum test (10 RM). Ventilatory functions test, fatigue severity assessment (FAS) and quality of life (QoL) scales were measured in both groups before and after the study period. Results. Significant improvement in 6MWT, maximum oxygen consumption (VO2 max) and vital capacity in group (A), significant improvement in fatigue and QoL in both groups and significant improvement in 10 RM test in group (B). Conclusion. Both aerobic and resistive training significantly improved functional capacity in acute myeloid leukemia survivors with a more significant improvement due to aerobic training.
Key words:
acute myeloid leukemia, aerobic training, resistive training, functional capacity, quality of life
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Analysis of pain and quality of life in women after radical and sparing mastectomy

Kinga Czaja, Zbigniew Śliwiński, Edyta Dziewisz-Markowska, Kamil Markowski

Kinga Czaja, Zbigniew Śliwiński, Edyta Dziewisz-Markowska, Kamil Markowski – Analysis of pain and quality of life in women after radical and sparing mastectomy. Fizjoterapia Polska 2021; 21(3); 214-225

Abstract
Objective. The objective of the study was to analyse pain and quality of life in women after radical and sparing mastectomy. The quality of life after radical mastectomy compared to sparing mastectomy was characterized, assessing difficulties in everyday life and work, as well as limitations in undertaking various activities caused by pain after the procedure. The study verified whether the type of mastectomy significantly impacted selected aspects of life.
Material and method. The questionnaire-based study was carried out among 100 patients of Holy Cross Cancer Centre, aged 29 to 88 years, after radical and sparing breast cancer treatment. In order to compare the values of quantitative and qualitative variables between the groups, Student’s t-test, chi-square test, Mann-Whitney test and Shapiro-Wilk test were used. A significance level of p <0.05 was adopted in the course of the analysis. Statistical analysis was performed using Statistica 13.1 by StatSoft; the data was collected in Excel 2016.
Results. The analysis showed no statistically significant differences in the level of pain intensity in each analysed area between the groups of women, however, it confirmed a statistically significant correlation between the type of surgery performed and the onset of pain as well as limitations in everyday functioning. The analysis showed no statistically significant differences in pain intensity depending on the treatment period.
Conclusions. The level of pain after radical and sparing mastectomy was similar. After radical mastectomy, the patients’ quality of life was lower than after sparing mastectomy. Rehabilitation reduced pain intensity and improved the patients’ quality of life.
Key words:
radical mastectomy, sparing mastectomy, rehabilitation, quality of life
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Long-term evaluation of the quality of life of patients with osteoarthritis treated conservatively and surgically

Marcin Świątczak, Aneta Nowicka, Agnieszka Leszczyńska, Agnieszka Przedborska, Magdalena Pruszyńska, Katarzyna Glibov, Jan W. Raczkowski

Marcin Świątczak, Aneta Nowicka, Agnieszka Leszczyńska, Agnieszka Przedborska, Magdalena Pruszyńska, Katarzyna Glibov, Jan W. Raczkowski – Long-term evaluation of the quality of life of patients with osteoarthritis treated conservatively and surgically. Fizjoterapia Polska 2021; 21(3); 198-204

Abstract
Introduction. Osteoarthritis of the hip joint is one of the most common chronic diseases of the locomotor system. Total hip replacement (THR) is a treatment option of choice alongside conservative treatment. The aim of the study was the long-term assessment of the quality of life of patients after total hip replacement surgery and after conservative treatment.
Material and methods. The study group consisted of 35 patients diagnosed with many years of osteoarthritis of the hip who underwent THR with posterolateral surgical approach. The assessment was carried out at the Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology of the University Teaching Hospital WAM – CSW in Łódź. The control group consisted of 15 patients with long-term osteoarthritis of the hip, treated conservatively. Medical data were obtained from the history of the disease and the author’s questionnaire, while the World Health Organization Quality OF Life (WHOQOL) – BREF questionnaire was used to assess the quality of life.
The obtained results were statistically analyzed with the use of MS Office and the Student’s T-test, considering the results below p <0.05 as statistically significant.
Results. The assessment of domains was similar in both groups, the greatest dissonance was observed in the assessments of the somatic and social domains. Based on WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire, the majority of patients in the study group rated the quality of life from 60% to 70% of the maximum value, the highest psychological sphere, the least somatic. In the control group, the social domain obtained 78% of the maximum value, other domains – 74% of the maximum value.
Conclusions. Patients treated conservatively assessed their quality of life higher in all domains than patients who underwent THR. In both studied groups, the “positive” variant of the answer was the most frequently chosen in the WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire.
Key words:
quality of life, osteoarthrotic hip disease, alloplasty
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Rehabilitation for patients on renal replacement therapy: possibilities and prospects

Wirginia Tomczak-Watras, Adam Plewa, Jan Talar, Jacek Manitius

Wirginia Tomczak-Watras, Adam Plewa, Jan Talar, Jacek Manitius – Rehabilitation for patients on renal replacement therapy: possibilities and prospects. Fizjoterapia Polska 2002; 2(3); 245-249

Abstract
Achieving a high quality of life should be the basic treatment goal in chronic dialysis. The best means to achieve this aim is a rehabilitation program aimed at restoring the patient’s capacity to return to work, while in the case of older patients the primary goal is to attain functional independence in performing activities of daily living. The achievement of these goals makes renal replacement therapy cost-effective. In the future it will be necessary to constantly update, plan, and execute the rehabilitation program and to monitor the beneficial long-term outcomes of its application.

Key words:
Dialysis, Quality of Life, cost-effectiveness

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Satisfaction of life and acceptance for the disease with patients under replacement therapy – kidney transplantation

Monika Lewandowska, Izabela Korabiewska, Dariusz Białoszewski, Leszek Pączek, Joanna Juskowa

Monika Lewandowska, Izabela Korabiewska, Dariusz Białoszewski, Leszek Pączek, Joanna Juskowa – Satisfaction of life and acceptance for the disease with patients under replacement therapy – kidney transplantation. Fizjoterapia Polska 2003; 3(2); 153-158

Abstract
Background. The quality of life of the patients after renal graft transplanted is not only medical, but also a social problem. One of the suggested ways of their treatment is a holistic approach to their rehabilitation, as well as analysis of their evaluation of life conditions. Material and methods. The research involved 20 patients after renal graft transplanted, during the process of physiotherapy. This group has been scrutinized during a questionary examination (incluling SWLS, AIS) and also during a specified standard questionary. The received results have been statistically analysed according to interpretation standard adapted to Polish conditions.Conclusions and Results. The conducted examinations showed, the usefulness of the scrutiny thanks to which high interpreting results have been accomplished. The results show the acceptance of poor health conditions by the patients and low level of life satisfaction caused by the end-stage of their renal failure.

Key words:
Quality of Life, renal graft, rehabilitation

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Functional stimulation of perineal muscles in women with urinary incontinence after gynecological surgery and its effect on quality of life changes

Krystyna Garstka-Namysł, Grzegorz Henryk Bręborowicz, Łucja Pilaczyńska-Szcześniak, Juliusz Huber, Stefan Sajdak, Magdalena Pisarska, Kamila Witczak, Łukasz Sroka, Alicja Witkowska

Krystyna Garstka-Namysł, Grzegorz Henryk Bręborowicz, Łucja Pilaczyńska-Szcześniak, Juliusz Huber, Stefan Sajdak, Magdalena Pisarska, Kamila Witczak, Łukasz Sroka, Alicja Witkowska – Functional stimulation of perineal muscles in women with urinary incontinence after gynecological surgery and its effect on quality of life changes. Fizjoterapia Polska 2007; 7(2), 124-132

Abstract

Background. Urinary incontinence and disturbances of perineal muscle and nerve activity in women after gynecological surgery have a major influence on the patients’ quality of life. Using global EMG data, it is possible to customize parameters for spinal FES and perineal EMS treatments and to objectively assess treatment outcomes. Material and methods. 15 women after gynecological surgery with disturbances of micturition underwent gynecological and urodynamic assessments, sonography, global EMG with a vaginal probe and magnetic field-induced motor evoked potentials (MEP) tests. The parameters for EMS and FES were customised on the basis of those diagnostic tests and the treatments were self-administered by patients for 2 months. Quality of life changes were assessed with Prof. Kowalik’s quality of life assessment scale at baseline and at the end of the treatment. Results. In 12 patients, EMG and MEP recordings revealed that the disturbances were caused by axonal degeneration of motor fibres rather than by impaired impulsation at the spinal centre level. Mean values of perineal muscle resting potentials were 2.52 pV before and 1.87 pV after treatment. Contraction strength rose from 14.7 pV to 16.9 pV The self-reported 20-domain quality of life scale showed increased current and future-oriented satisfaction with life. Conclusions. A two-month cycle of FES and EMS improved motor unit function at maximum contraction. MEP studies revealed improved conduction from spinal motor centres to muscles, especially if EMS of perineal muscles had been supplemented with lumbo-sacral FES.

Key words:

urinary incontinence, spinal functional electrical stimulation (FES), surface electromyography, ETS and EMG biofeedback, perineal muscles, quality of life

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Quality of life of kidney transplant recipients

Mariola Wójcicka, Izabela Korabiewska, Jan Tylka

Mariola Wójcicka, Izabela Korabiewska, Jan Tylka – Quality of life of kidney transplant recipients. Fizjoterapia Polska 2007; 7(4); 409-418

Abstract
Background. Kidney transplantation is an acknownledged method of treatment of end-stage failure. Rehabilitation of kidney transplant aims to restore physical and mental fitness. This study set out to assess the relationship between kidney transplantation and quality of life and the relationship between participation in a rehabilitation programme and quality of life after kidney transplantation. Material and methods. The study involved 67 patients aged 17-73 years (x = 47.5 years) who were divided into a rehabilitated and control group. The quality of life was evaluated with the SF-36 questionnaire, which the patients completed twice to reflect their situation prior to transplantation (period of dialysis therapy) and one year after transplantation. Results. 1. Quality of life after transplantation was regarded as higher compared to the evaluation prior to the transplantation (p&lt;0.05 for all scores) by the entrie patient population, by the rehabilitated group and the control group taken separately. 2. More positive changes were noted in the rehabilitated group. 3. A comparison of the results obtained in individual patients before and after the transplantation showed that: 25% of the patients reported no improvement in Global Quality of Life, including 15% reporting a worsening of Global QoL- almost 38% of the patients did not experience improvement in the general physical health domain- 27.6% did not experience positive changes in the general mental health domainConclusions. Kidney transplantation and participation in the rehabilitation programme positively influenced the patients’ subjective evaluation of the quality of life. About 1/3 of the kidney transplant recipients did not note any improvement in functioning.
Key words:
quality of life, rehabilitation, kidney transplantation
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