The effect of stabilization exercises and rotational mobilizations on postural reactions
Oliwia Mokrus, Mirosław Kokosz, Edward Saulicz, Bogdan Bacik, Mariola Saulicz, Łukasz Drożdż
Oliwia Mokrus, Mirosław Kokosz, Edward Saulicz, Bogdan Bacik, Mariola Saulicz, Łukasz Drożdż – The effect of stabilization exercises and rotational mobilizations on postural reactions. Fizjoterapia Polska 2007; 7(2), 95-106
Background. The maintenance of stability and the performance of any motor task is possible thanks to the control function of the nervous system, which collaborates closely with both active and passive components of the locomotor apparatus. The aim of this study was to find out whether stabilizing exercises executed in closed kinetic chains (influencing active elements) and rotational mobilizations (engaging passive structures) could improve body balance. Material and methods. Twenty young, healthy, physically active women were randomly divided into two equal groups. The first group (I) performed stabilizing exercises and the second (II) was subjected to rotational mobilizations. Every woman was examined twice (before and after the exercise procedure). Stability in double-feet quiet stance with and without visual control was examined using a dynamometric platform. The resulting data were analysed statistically. Results. More evident changes could be seen in the frontal plane. These were more noticeable in the active stabilization exercise group (especially with reference to stiffness, where the differences were statistically significant). Conclusions. Some changes of the viscoelastic system were seen in response to both passive and active exercise procedures. More distinct changes were seen following active exercises in a closed kinetic chain (Group I), suggesting that this kind of exercise has a greater effect on postural reactions.
stabilization, rotational mobilizations, equilibrium, visco-elastic system
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