Physiotherapeutic procedure in goose foot inflammation – case study

Radosław Kocent, Marek Kiljański, Joanna Kałuża-Pawłowska

Radosław Kocent, Marek Kiljański, Joanna Kałuża-Pawłowska – Physiotherapeutic procedure in goose foot inflammation – case study. Fizjoterapia Polska 2021; 21(5); 204-210

Abstract
Objective. The article presents a comprehensive rehabilitation procedure in goose foot bursitis. At the beginning, the causes of inflammation and its symptoms were presented.
Material and methods. The study was conducted on a specific case. The article describes the patient’s evaluation and physiotherapy recommendations for the treatment of the disease. In the field of kinesiotherapy, recommendations were made in the form of exercises stretching the shortened muscles that cause the goose foot, as well as strengthening the group of muscles activated to stabilize the knee. An important aspect of working with myofascial techniques is presented. Cryotherapy, laser therapy and sonotherapy procedures are described among the physiotherapy treatments in the rehabilitation of goose foot inflammation. The article also highlights the effectiveness of treatment thanks to the combination of physical therapy, kinesiotherapy, functional massage and re-education of gait and running. The subject of patient education to prevent the recurrence of injuries was also discussed.
Results. Therapy was administered for a period of four weeks. Positions during rest and sleep at home, exercise, walking in a newly learned, correct pattern and avoiding training errors were recommended. After the treatment was completed, pain was completely gone and the patient was fully active again.
Conclusions. Physical therapy, kinesiotherapy, massage and the patient’s compliance with the therapist’s recommendations result in the relief of ailments and a full return to various types of activity.
Key words:
goose foot inflammation, physiotherapy
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Influence of physiotherapy on exercise tolerance in patients after COVID-19

Klaudia Pompka, Katarzyna Bogacz, Jacek Łuniewski, Krystyna Rasławska, Ewa Jach, Igor Świerkowski, Jan Szczegielniak

Klaudia Pompka, Katarzyna Bogacz, Jacek Łuniewski, Krystyna Rasławska, Ewa Jach, Igor Świerkowski, Jan Szczegielniak – Influence of physiotherapy on exercise tolerance in patients after COVID-19. Fizjoterapia Polska 2021; 21(5); 182-189

Abstract
Patients after severe COVID-19 need effective treatment and full medical care. An important aspect of a successful recovery is the implementation of comprehensive rehabilitation. Rehabilitation for convalescents is primarily aimed at restoring or improving the proper functioning of the respiratory system, reducing the severity of the symptoms of the disease and disorders related to comorbidities, as well as increasing the physical efficiency of the body. Objective. The objective of the study was to assess the effect of endurance training on exercise tolerance using the 6-minute walk test in patients with a history of COVID-19.
Material and methods. Thirty patients after COVID-19 were examined, including 12 women (40%) and 18 men (60%) aged 35 to 75 years. The mean age in the study group was 55 years, SD = 10.9.
Before rehabilitation, all patients underwent a 6-minute walk test (6MWT) in order to qualify for the appropriate rehabilitation model. The following parameters were analysed: test time, distance travelled, systolic pressure, diastolic pressure, heart rate, and the reasons for the termination of the test. All COVID-19 patients are covered by the rehabilitation program for patients after COVID-19, which came into force on the basis of the Regulation of the Minister of Health of July 13, 2020 (Journal of Laws, item 1246) on a pilot program in the field of therapeutic rehabilitation for patients after COVID-19.
The distance in the 6-minute walk test in the entire group after rehabilitation increased by an average of 11.8% (from 531.7 ± 97 m to 601.2 ± 86.4 m). Analysing the presented results of studies describing the effect of endurance training on exercise tolerance in patients after COVID-19, no statistically significant differences were found between the age group <55 and the age group ≥ 55.
Conclusions. 1. A 3-week rehabilitation program after COVID-19, the basis of which was endurance training based on exercise on a cycle ergometer, has a positive effect on exercise tolerance in patients measured on the basis of the distance walked during the 6-minute walk (6MWT). 2. In the analysed study, a significant improvement was observed in patients aged ≥ 55 who achieved the shortest distance during the initial 6MWT test.
Key words:
COVID-19, physiotherapy, exercise tolerance
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The impact of magnetostimulation on the level of urinary incontinence among women after menopause

Robert Kowalski, Joanna Kałuża-Pawłowska, Marek Kiljański

Robert Kowalski, Joanna Kałuża-Pawłowska, Marek Kiljański – The impact of magnetostimulation on the level of urinary incontinence among women after menopause. Fizjoterapia Polska 2021; 21(5); 58-69

Abstract
Urinary incontinence (UI) is according to ICS definition “every uncontrolled urine loss”. Among the broadly understood definition, there are different types of UI: effort, urgent, from overflow, mixed, transitional, bedwetting and other types of UI. The most common type from mentioned is the effort urinary incontinence and the mixed one. Due to the complex nature of UI problem, there are many methods of diagnosis and treatment of incontinence. In conservative treatment, pelvic floor muscle exercises, physical therapy (including magnetic field) and behavioral therapy are commonly used.  The aim of the study.  The aim of work is to evaluate the impact of magnetostimulation and pelvic floor muscle exercises on the level of urinary incontinence among women after menopause. Material and methodology.  The research was conducted among 30 women at the age of 45–67 years old (average ± 56) who were treated because of UI in The Independent Public Health Care Centre named Primate Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński in Sieradz in the rehabilitation ward. The patients were divided into two groups – 15 people each. In the first group participants were tested by magnetostimulation and they were doing pelvic floor muscle exercises. In the second group they were only doing pelvic floor muscle exercises.The patients have been surveyed twice, before and after 3 weeks therapy. In the study two different questionnaires (A and B) were used. They were based on Gaudenza questionnaire. Results. According to the analysis of survey data, these are the following results. In the first group improvement concerned: reduction in the frequency of UI episodes and frequency of urination, less amount of „urine loss” and UI intensity based on daily physical acivity, extending the time of the ability to control urination and better quality of life tested women. In the second group an improvement has been noticed according to subjective patient’s feelings. All data analysis results from questionnaires were not statistically significant.
Conclusions. From the analysis of the results, the following conclusions have been drawn: 1. Combination therapy of magnetostimulation with pelvic floor exercises causes more beneficial effect than applying only exercises. 2. Subjective assessment of participants on how to improve ailments connected with UI, speaks in favour of therapy with the use of magnetic field stimulation. 3. The most common type of incontinence amoung tested women after menopause was the effort one. 4. Therapy with 3–weeks programme of magnetic field stimulation increases the level of satisfaction and improves well-being of poople with UI.
Key words:
urinary incontinence, magnetostimulation, menopause, physiotherapy
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Assessment of training heart rate in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

Ewa Jach, Igor Świerkowski, Piotr Kęsicki, Katarzyna Bogacz, Marcin Krajczy, Krystyna Rasławska, Jacek Łuniewski, Jan Szczegielniak

Ewa Jach, Igor Świerkowski, Piotr Kęsicki, Katarzyna Bogacz, Marcin Krajczy, Krystyna Rasławska, Jacek Łuniewski, Jan Szczegielniak – Assessment of training heart rate in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Fizjoterapia Polska 2021; 21(5); 6-12

Abstract
Objective. The objective of the study was to evaluate the training heart rate in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Material and methods. The study was carried out at the John Paul II Specialist Hospital of the Ministry of Interior and Administration in Głuchołazy at the pulmonary rehabilitation department. Two hundred and five people participated in the study. Each patient included in the study was diagnosed with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The group consisted of 100 women and 105 men. Rehabilitation models A and B were used in the study. 155 people were included in model B, and 50 people in model A. The average age was 55. The patients underwent a 6-minute walk test before and after rehabilitation. The following data was included in the study: walk test maximum heart rate, the patient’s maximum heart rate and resting heart rate.
Results. Before rehabilitation, 121 patients achieved a result of over 70% of the values determining the correlation between the 6MWT test heart rate and the submaximal heart rate, which constitutes 60% of all patients. However, the mean value of this correlation among all patients was 74.69%. After rehabilitation, 143 patients achieved a result of more than 70% of the values determining the correlation between the 6MWT test heart rate and the submaximal heart rate, which is 70% of all patients. However, the mean value of this correlation among all patients was 79.19%. Before rehabilitation, 205 patients achieved a result of more than 70% of the values determining the correlation between the 6MWT test heart rate and the submaximal heart rate, which constitutes 99.51% of all patients. While, the mean value of this correlation among all patients was 92%. The number of patients who, before rehabilitation, achieved more than 70% of the values determining the correlation between the 6MWT test heart rate and the submaximal heart rate, was 100% of all patients. The mean value of this correlation among all patients was 90.15%.
Conclusions. 1. The maximum heart rate achieved by patients during the 6-minute walk test corresponds to the maximum heart rate before rehabilitation in 60% of patients, and after rehabilitation in 70% of patients.
2. The maximum heart rate achieved by patients during the 6-minute walk test corresponds to the training heart rate before rehabilitation in 95% of patients, and after rehabilitation in 100% of patients.
3. It seems the maximum heart rate achieved by patients during the 6-minute walk test can be used in determining the patient’s load during exercise.
Key words:
COPD, pulmonology, exercise heart rate, physiotherapy
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Evaluation of the effects of Super Inductive Stimulation in physiotherapy after SARS-CoV-2 infection

Piotr Kęsicki, Igor Świerkowski, Ewa Jach, Krystyna Rasławska, Jacek Łuniewski, Katarzyna Bogacz, Jan Szczegielniak

P. Kęsicki, I. Świerkowski, E. Jach, K. Rasławska, J. Łuniewski, K. Bogacz, J. Szczegielniak – Evaluation of the effects of Super Inductive Stimulation in physiotherapy after SARS-CoV-2 infection. Fizjoterapia Polska 2021; 21(4); 6-17

Abstract
Objective. The objective of the study was to assess the effectiveness of Super Inductive Stimulation in respiratory therapy in patients after SARS-CoV2 infection.
Material and methods. The study was carried out in the specialist hospital of the Ministry of the Interior and Administration in Głuchołazy, in the pulmonary department. Fifteen men aged 35 to 63 and fifteen women aged 32 to 69 participated in the study. Each patient underwent ten sessions of Super Inductive Stimulation.
Results. The use of Super Inductive Stimulation resulted in the reduction of moderate cough, chest pain, shortness of breath, severe cough with phlegm/sputum, sweating, headache, nausea, diarrhoea, muscle pain, lack of appetite, problems with concentration, problems with thinking and sleeping, and fatigue.
Conclusions. Analysis of the results showed a positive effect of the applied therapy. Taking into account the answers given before and after rehabilitation, the condition of the respondents improved by 20.18%. The largest differences in the results were observed in the case of headache, diarrhoea, and sleeping problems, being 39.85%, 30.91% and 28.57%, respectively. The comparison of the study results showed that the patients’ quality of life improved.
Key words:
pulmonology, super inductive stimulation, COVID-19, physiotherapy
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Comparative evaluation of the analgesic effectiveness of selected physiotherapeutic methods in the treatment of low back pain syndrome

Jolanta Kujawa, Iwona Pyszczek, Jan Talar, Mirosław Janiszewski

Jolanta Kujawa, Iwona Pyszczek, Jan Talar, Mirosław Janiszewski – Comparative evaluation of the analgesic effectiveness of selected physiotherapeutic methods in the treatment of low back pain syndrome. Fizjoterapia Polska 2001; 1(3); 271-279

Abstract

Background. Low back pain, especially lumbosacral syndrome, is the most frequently encountered pain syndrome in musculoskeletal diseases. In many countries the question of low back pain has become a social problem. The basic task of rehabilitation teams is to make the proper choice of effective physiotherapeutic method. The goal of this study was to evaluate the analgesic effectiveness of selected combined physiotherapeutic methods in patients with low back pain. The results were analyzed for statistically significant differences correlating with the application of particular physical methods.Material and methods. 450 randomly selected patients (319 females, 131 males), age 21-79 (average age 56,53 years +/- 15,34) treated for low back pain syndrome in the Department of Medical Rehabilitation at the Łódź-Śródmieście Municipal Clinic were surveyed. Patients were divided into two groups: Group A received laser biostimulation, while Group B received interferential current instead of laser therapy. All patients studied went through a uniform, typical program of therapeutic exercises. The effectiveness of this combined therapy was evaluated on the basis of subjective pain reported on the modified Laitinen pain questionnaire, taking into account intensity, frequency, use of analgesics and motor activity. A clinical examination was also performed. Results. The investigation indicated that both selected combined physiothearapeutic methods have a measurable analgesic effect in the treatment in low back pain. However, laser therapy applied in combination with therapeutic exercises proved to have greater therapeutic efficiency for such patients compared to interferential current with therapeutic exercises, and this difference was statistically significant.

Key words:
low power laser therapy, Low Back Pain, physiotherapy
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The role of physiotherapy in the treatment, prevention, and rehabilitation of chronic bronchitis

Volodymyr Mizin

Volodymyr Mizin – The role of physiotherapy in the treatment, prevention, and rehabilitation of chronic bronchitis. Fizjoterapia Polska 2001; 1(3); 237-242

Abstract

Background. Within the framework of the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Disease there has been considerable scientific discussion and a search for original, modem approaches to the treatment of chronic bronchitis. The success of these endeavors is conditional upon the precise definition of the goals and the application of the appropriate means to achieve them. A review of the literature shows no reports on the potential of physiotherapeutic methods of treatment in this area. The goal of our research was to evaluate the use of electrostimulation of the torso and dalargin electrophoresis to relieve respiratory distress in patients with chronic bronchitis. Materials and methods. The research on the impact of these procedures on the cardiopulmonary system and immune system involved 67 patients. Respiration, hemodynamics, T- and B-lymphocyte content, and immunoglobulin E levels were tested. A biomechanical model was used to simulate the strength of the erython and the respiratory and cardiac muscles, as well as general physical capacity, minute blood volume, and deviation of these parameters from the optimal values. Simulation and calculation of the coefficients consumption by the cardiopulmonary system and the organism was using a synergetic model of aerobic metabolism. Results. Correlation, regression, and factor analyses show that the effects of electrostimulation and dalargin electrophoresis make a major contribution to the realization of numerous treatment goals, including the relief of respiratory distress. The tested factors increase the fuctional capacity of the cardiopulmonary system to supply the organism with oxygen, improve the equilibrium of the vegetative nervous system and the balance of B- and T-lymphocytes, increase the level of T-lymphocytes and lower the level of IgE. The results of factor analysis suggest that lowering the level of IgE decreases the virulence of inflammatory processes. An increases was observed in oxygen consumption and reserve capacity, and an increase – of particular importance – in the integral coefficient of oxygen metabolism in the organism. Conclusions. The tested procedures of electrostimulation of the torso and dalargin electrophoresis produce effects that are beneficial in achieving many strategic and tactical goals in the treatment and rehabilitation of patients with chronic bronchitis, especially reducing the activity of IgE as a risk factor, countering the effects of respiratory insufficiency, inhibiting inflammatory reactions, and improving the status of the immune system, respiratory functions, and hemodynamics. These procedures bring about improvement in the vegetative nervous system, the metabolic systems, and oxygen consumption. These effects make it possible a comprehensive program to reduce respiratory distress in patients with chronic bronchitis.

Key words:
chronic bronchitis, Stress, physiotherapy, electrostimulation, Electrophoresis, dalargin
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The straight leg raising test: its value in differential diagnosis and choice of therapy

Ger Plaatsman, Edward Saulicz, Ewa Żmudzka-Wilczek

Ger Plaatsman, Edward Saulicz, Ewa Żmudzka-Wilczek – The straight leg raising test: its value in differential diagnosis and choice of therapy. Fizjoterapia Polska 2001; 1(4); 414-417

Abstract
Since 2800 BC, when ancient doctors suggested that extension of the leg should be used to examine sprained vertebrae, many authors have given opinion on how to examine disorders in the hip, pelvic and lumbar region by movements of the leg. This article does not attempt to offer yet another interpretation of the Straight Leg Raising test (SLR), but rather a review of several interpretations and differences in the test. Further, we describe the sequence of “diagnosis by treatment” using SLR as a device for differential diagnosis, and how it can help in the choice of technique for therapy.

Key words:
SLR test, physiotherapy, discopathy

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The impact of inpatient physiotherapy on parameters of acid-base equilibrium after corrective surgery of congential heart defects in children age 0-2

Piotr Dominiak

Piotr Dominiak – The impact of inpatient physiotherapy on parameters of acid-base equilibrium after corrective surgery of congential heart defects in children age 0-2. Fizjoterapia Polska 2001; 1(4); 361-365

Abstract
Background. Congenital heart defects constitutes the most significant problem in pediatric cardiology, occupying second place among the causes of infant death in Poland. One can observe a constant lowering of the indicated age for surgery in order to prevent secondary structural changes in and around the heart, and negative psychological effects on parents and children. The goal of this article is to evaluate the effectiveness of the author’s own method of physiotherapy during inpatient care of children aged 0-2 years following total surgical correction of the most commonly occurring congenital heart defects. Material and methods. Ina group of 32 patients recovering from total corrections of ASD II, VSD, PDA and CoA, age 0-2 years, 384 tests were performed on arterialized capillary blood during the first the days after surgery. The tests were performed before, immediately after, and 30 minutes after physiotherapy, and then results were compared. The patients were divided into two sub-groups: subgroup I consisted of 20 patients after total correction of ASD II and VSD, in whom 270 tests were performed, while subgroup II included 12 patients after total correction of PDA and CoA, in whom 114 tests were performed. Results. The results indicated that a postero-lateral thoracotomy produces a leftward shift in acid-base equilibrium; under the influence of physiotherapy, however, the direction of change is identical in both sub-groups. Extracorporeal circulation did not exchange in the lungs (a statistically significant increase in pO2 and SO2 30 minutes after physiotherapy). Conclusion. The physiotherapy program here applied, including elements of he Vojta method, can be used beginning in the first days after surgery.

Key words:
congenital heart defects, surgical treatment, physiotherapy, Acid-Base Equilibrium

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