Application of virtual reality and video games in pediatric physiotherapy. Systematic review

Karol de Tillier, Jakub Bracha, Agnieszka Sobierajska-Rek, Łukasz Mański

Karol de Tillier, Jakub Bracha, Agnieszka Sobierajska-Rek, Łukasz Mański – Application of virtual reality and video games in pediatric physiotherapy. Systematic review. Fizjoterapia Polska 2021; 21(3); 28-43

Abstract
In recent years, intensive research has been carried out on virtual reality (VR) and its application in the treatment of pediatric patients. The basic objective of this review is to present the advantages, effectiveness and role of VR physical therapy in selected disease entities by comparing the results of VR research from the last 5 years. 17 articles were obtained from online databases: Pubmed, Researchgate, NCBI, Sage Journals, Oxford Academic. The analyzed studies concerned the use of VR in the treatment of pediatric patients with cerebral palsy, Down syndrome, developmental dyspraxia, risk of developmental dyspraxia, patients with burn injuries, juvenile idiopathic arthritis and ADHD. This review contains research on VR selected on the basis of their reliability, number and age of participants, and the year of publication. We excluded review articles in the selection of studies. The analysis of selected original research papers showed that VR physical therapy offers a number of advantages not found in standard physiotherapy and achieves comparable effects.
Key words:
VR, physiotherapy, rehabilitation, children, video, games
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