Ground reaction forces of the gait in patients undergoing physiotherapy after articular cartilage surgeries

Andrzej Czamara, Tadeusz Trzaska

Andrzej Czamara, Tadeusz Trzaska – Ground reaction forces of the gait in patients undergoing physiotherapy after articular cartilage surgeries. Fizjoterapia Polska 2006; 6(4); 289-297

Abstract
Background. The goal of our study was the evaluation of the ground reaction forces (N) of vertical component in flat surface gait in patients undergoing 10 to 14 weeks of physiotherapy after chosen surgeries of the knee joint cartilage. Material and methods. We measured ground reaction forces of the gait in 58 people. 31 patients after the carrier surface of knee joint cartilage surgeries and 27 people with no cartilage injuries were examined. When the patients developed individual gait after 10 to 14 weeks of physiotherapy, we measured ground reaction forces of their gait. The examination was carried on a track with, computer programmed, mtd-balance tensometric platforms. Results and Conclusions. Between 10th and 14th week after the surgery, the patients regained the gait. The values of ground reaction forces of the gait during stance phase for the operated limbs were close to the results of healthy limbs. The results did not differ from the results reached by the people with no cartilage injuries and oscillated between 1,19 to 1,21 of body weight. Moreover, minor asymmetry was reported between left and right limbs in groups with no articular cartilage injuries and in patients which did not exceed 5%.

Key words:
physiotherapy, gait, knee joint cartilage, ground reaction forces

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Diversity of body composition among female students of physiotherapy at the Medical University in Bydgoszcz

Andrzej Lewandowski, Ryszard Grucza

Andrzej Lewandowski, Ryszard Grucza – Diversity of body composition among female students of physiotherapy at the Medical University in Bydgoszcz. Fizjoterapia Polska 2007; 7(2), 171-178

Abstract

Background. Human motor abilities, and particularly occupational physical activity patterns, undergo constant changes in response to the progress of civilisation. A career as a physiotherapist may be associated with adaptation of the body to the increased exertion, leading to the development of particular types of body composition. However, it is also possible that the process of selection of applicants for physiotherapy studies or student identification with the physiotherapist community leads to such adaptation manifesting itself while the student is still at college. Material and methods. Ninety-three female students in their third year of Physiotherapy were examined during the years 2001-2003. The somatic characteristics of the students were determined and analysed using the typology system of Wanke and Kolasa. Results. The female physiotherapy students did not exhibit any characteristic types of body composition. Analysis of somatic characteristics revealed a preponderance of the I element while the contribution of the H element was the smallest. There were insignificant differences regarding somatic characteristics between years of study. Some similarity was detected between the physiotherapy students and female medical students. There were also some differences compared to characteristics shared by the general population of Polish women. Conclusions. The results indicate that the choice of studies and future careers in physiotherapy as well as being a physiotherapy student had little effect on the body composition of the females. There was a trace effect of the general sporting ability test taken at the entrance examination on the somatic composition of the future physiotherapists.

Key words:

body structure, physiotherapy, typology, gender differentiation, social environment

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The effect of a multi-modality therapy including active exercises, classic massage, cryotherapy and a combination of ultrasound and electrical stimulation on rotator cuff injuries

Ewa Grymel-Kulesza, Anna Polak, Janusz Kubacki, Bronisława Skrzep-Poloczek, Piotr Król

Ewa Grymel-Kulesza, Anna Polak, Janusz Kubacki, Bronisława Skrzep-Poloczek, Piotr Król – The effect of a multi-modality therapy including active exercises, classic massage, cryotherapy and a combination of ultrasound and electrical stimulation on rotator cuff injuries. Fizjoterapia Polska 2007; 7(2), 107-123

Abstract

Background. The study assessed the effectiveness of a multi-modality therapy for shoulder rotator cuff injuries. The treatment included kinesitherapy, classic massage therapy, cryotherapy and ‘the combination treatment’ (ultrasound plus electrical stimulation). The effects of cryotherapy and the combination treatment for rotator cuff injuries were compared. Materials and methods. The study involved 30 patients with confirmed chronic symptoms of rotator cuff injury. The patients were assigned at random to two groups. Exercises and classic massage of the shoulder area (according to a uniform program) were used in both groups. Additionally, one group (Group A) was exposed to a combination treatment comprising ultrasound and electric stimulation of trigger points in the rotator cuff muscles, whereas Group B was treated with cryotherapy of the shoulder area. Criteria for assessing treatment effectiveness included changes in mobility of the shoulder joint, strength of the rotators, and the presence and intensity of pain. Results and Conclusions. The treatment produced significant and positive effects in both groups. Treatment effects were somewhat better in Group A than in Group B, with statistically significant between-group differences with respect to pain reduction and improved mobility and strength of some muscles. Multi-modality physiotherapy including kinesitherapy and the combination therapy (ultrasound and TENS) is an effective method for treating the sequelae of rotator cuff injuries. Direct combination therapy of myofascial trigger points offers somewhat better results than cryotherapy.

Key words:

injuries of rotator cuff, physiotherapy, ultrasound, electrical stimulation, cryotherapy, combination treatment

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The pediatric physical therapy intervention using kinesiotaping in Estonia

Hille Maas, Reet Koort, Valentin Sander

Hille Maas, Reet Koort, Valentin Sander – The pediatric physical therapy intervention using kinesiotaping in Estonia. Fizjoterapia Polska 2007; 7(3); 355-361

Abstract
Kinesiotaping is based on the philosophy aiming at giving free range of motion in order to allow the body’s muscular sys-tem to heal itself bio-mechanically. This attitude makes it extremely effective for pediatric patients with neurological impairment [1]. Based on this concept, Kinesio Taping fastens motor learning process, avoids using compensatory patterns and confirms child’s normal movement patterns daily using, facilitated by a physiotherapist or parents. Kinesio Taping increases interstitial space and, due to this pressure and irritation, caused by muscle and ligament tightness, the neural and sensory receptors are taken off. This effect significantly decreases uncomfortness of gait in toddler children, and improves their stability, resulting in better balanced reciprocal stance phase of gait. For upper extremity dysfunctions, caused either by central nervous damage or peripheral injuries, improvement is also possible using proximal Kinesio Taping location as it guarantees better stability of the trunk and facilitates, via better balance, also more selective hand functions. Kinesio Taping applied to pediatric patients with neurological impairment should be based on regular and adequate physical therapy assessment procedures and tools, as the changes may occur in motor learning process level and movement patterns in children due to using kinesiotaping rapidly and in order to guarantee permanent progress. There is a constant need to reevaluate and reassess kinesiotaping location and amount.
Key words:
Kinesio Taping, physiotherapy
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Kinesiotaping after thoracosurgeries

Jan Szczegielniak, Marcin Krajczy, Katarzyna Bogacz, Jacek Łuniewski, Zbigniew Śliwiński

Jan Szczegielniak, Marcin Krajczy, Katarzyna Bogacz, Jacek Łuniewski, Zbigniew Śliwiński – Kinesiotaping after thoracosurgeries. Fizjoterapia Polska 2007; 7(3); 344-350

Abstract
In 2005 there were about 15 000 operations carried out in Thoracosurgery Units in Poland. The majority of these involved lobectomy due to structural changes resulting from cancer. It is worth mentioning that the majority of patients were operated on during their first or second stages of the disease, which shows improvement in methods used for diagnostic purposes qualifying for surgical operations. However, the patients treated in the third stage of their disease might reach even 40%. Application of physiotherapy in these patients is a complex problem due to the disease, their overall condition and post-operative complications. The treatment aims at improving the efficiency, strengthening the respiration mechanism, increasing thoracic flexibility and pain relief – which finally leads to improvement of the patient’s well-being. In case of possible lymphatic swelling, drainage and antiedema treatment are also very important. In case of the patients, who underwent surgery, not connected with cancer, physical treatment and massage are valuable complementation to kinesitherapy, which is the basis of physiotherapeutic treatment. They are mainly used in order to stabilize the muscle tone, decrease swelling and pain perception. However, because of the main disease, they could not be applied in most of patients. Under limited possibility of using physiotherapeutic treatment, kinesiotaping (KT) is a safe method stimulating post—operative scar healing, improving muscle activity and helping to decrease swelling and pain.
Key words:
kinesiotaping, physiotherapy, thoracosurgery
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Body equilibrium assessment in patients with degenerative changes after whole-body cryostimulation connected with physiotherapy

Marek Kiljański, Zbigniew Śliwiński, Wojciech Kufel, Wojciech Kiebzak, Marek Woszczak

Marek Kiljański, Zbigniew Śliwiński, Wojciech Kufel, Wojciech Kiebzak, Marek Woszczak – Body equilibrium assessment in patients with degenerative changes after whole-body cryostimulation connected with physiotherapy. Fizjoterapia Polska 2007; 7(3); 286-298

Abstract
Background. The authors present the results obtained in a group of 126 participants. The aim of the study was to determine whether a four-week program of physiotherapy including whole-body cryostimulation, applied in patients with degenerative changes in the spine, influences their body equilibrium and pain sensation. Material and methods. The examined group comprised 66 patients with degenerative changes in the lumbar spine, while the control group consisted of 60 participants. Apart from an individually designed rehabilitation program, each patient participated in 20 sessions of whole-body cryostimulation. The measurement of lumbosacral spine mobility and the assessment of pain sensation using the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) were performed before the first and after the last session. Moreover, after the first, tenth and twentieth session of general cryostimulation, measurements on a stabilometric platform were conducted. The healthy participants, who were qualified as the control group, underwent tests on the stabilometric platform after one session in the cryogenic chamber. The aim of these tests was to compare the differences in the stabilogram curve in healthy individuals and patients with degenerative changes in the lumbar spine. The effect of cryostimulation procedures on pain sensation and mobility of the lumbosacral spine was assessed. Additionally, the effect of cryogenic temperatures on body equilibrium was studied. Results. The comparison of the results, obtained before the procedure and after completing the therapy indicates that general cryostimulation in a physiotherapeutic program for patients with degenerative changes in the lumbar spine contributes to relaxation of excessively tense muscles. Conclusions. The use of whole body cryostimulation in patients with degenerative changes in the lumbosacral spine, combined with a properly designed and managed physiotherapeutic program, decreases pain sensation in a statistically significant way. The application of cryogenic temperatures, combined with physiotherapeutic program, favourably affect patient body equilibrium.
Słowa kluczowe
physiotherapy, spine, cryostimulation, coordination, stabilometric platform
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The possibilities of using Kinesio Taping in patients after cardiac surgery

Jan Szczegielniak, Jacek Łuniewski, Katarzyna Bogacz, Marcin Krajczy, Zbigniew Śliwiński

Jan Szczegielniak, Jacek Łuniewski, Katarzyna Bogacz, Marcin Krajczy, Zbigniew Śliwiński – The possibilities of using Kinesio Taping in patients after cardiac surgery. Fizjoterapia Polska 2007; 7(4); 465-471

Abstract
Background. Kinesio Taping is used in physiotherapy to stimulate recovery and increase physical efficiency. Kinesio Taping offers new possibilities of using physiotherapy in patients who cannot fully benefit from kinesiotherapy or physiotherapy. Kinesio Taping is a method of treatment of pain syndromes reducing subjective pain perception. Appropriate applications, adjusted to patients’ needs and overall health, stimulate the activity of the lymphatic system and auxiliary respiratory muscles, regulate muscle tone, accelerate post-operative scar healing processes and provide additional scar stabilization.The aim. The article presents possibilities for using Kinesio Taping in patients after cardiac surgery. Kinesio Taping was used in the study in order to reduce pain, stabilize muscle tone, support respiratory muscles, prevent pectoralis muscle contracture, accelerate post-operative scar healing processes, increase post-operative scar elasticity and prevent the development of adhesions. Conclusions. The observed results of therapy were as follows: a decrease in subjective pain perception, a reduction of oedema, additional scar stabilization, and fully active participation of the patients in kinesiotherapy, which was limited before the KT treatment.
Key words:
Kinesio Taping, physiotherapy, cardio-surgery
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Autonomia zawodu fizjoterapeuty na przykładzie systemu kształcenia w USA

Małgorzata Starczyńska, Wojciech Kiebzak, Zbigniew Śliwiński

Małgorzata Starczyńska, Wojciech Kiebzak, Zbigniew Śliwiński – Autonomia zawodu fizjoterapeuty na przykładzie systemu kształcenia w USA. Fizjoterapia Polska 2008; 8(2); 217-222

Streszczenie
Uzyskanie autonomii zawodowej potwierdzającej specjalistyczną wiedzę i umiejętności zawodowe jest podstawą działań podejmowanych przez stowarzyszenia fizjoterapeutów działających w USA. Pomimo faktu, iż większość stanowych aktów prawnych daje pacjentom możliwość bezpośredniego skorzystania z oceny i leczenia przez fizjoterapeutów, nie ma aktu prawnego, który jednoznacznie formułowałby zakres autonomicznej praktyki. Stowarzyszenie Fizjoterapii Amerykańskiej (American Physical Therapy Association – APTA) pełni wiodącą rolę w dbaniu o jakość kształcenia i praktykowania fizjoterapeutów. Zdefiniowana przez Zarząd Dyrektorów APTA autonomiczna praktyka opiera się na profesjonalizmie, odpowiednim poziomie kształcenia i możliwości bezpośredniego dostępu pacjenta do usług fizjoterapeutycznych. W USA istnieje kilka ścieżek edukacyjnych pozwalających uzyskać zawód fizjoterapeuty. Dynamiczna natura praktyki fizjoterapeutycznej wpływa na ewaluację programów nauczania. Większość programów zapewnia kształcenie na poziomie magisterskim lub zawodowym doktoranckim. Stopień doktora fizjoterapii uzyskiwany w toku kształcenia nie jest równoznaczny z akademicką nominacją fizjoterapeutów. Programy studiów doktoranckich stanowią 79,4% spośród wszystkich akredytowanych programów kształcących fizjoterapeutów. Przeznaczone są w szczególności dla doświadczonych pracowników klinik, podnoszą umiejętności kliniczne w konkretnej dziedzinie. Finałem ukończenia akredytowanego programu przygotowującego do zawodu fizjoterapeuty jest przystąpienie do Państwowego Egzaminu Fizjoterapii (National Physical Therapy Examination – NPTE). Ogólnokrajowy wynik zdania egzaminu ustalany jest przez Federację Stanowych Władz Fizjoterapii (Federation of State Boards of Physical Therapy – FSBPT). Podniesieniu kompetencji służy również ukończenie specjalizacji klinicznej. Amerykański Zarząd Specjalizacji Fizjoterapii (American Board of Physical Therapy Specialities – ABPTS) oferuje uzyskanie specjalizacji w kilku obszarach zainteresowań, w najbliższej przyszłości również w nowym zakresie jakim jest zdrowie kobiet. Wyrazem dbałości o jakość usług fizjoterapeutycznych jest konieczność ponownej recertyfikacji specjalistów klinicznych po 10 latach.
Słowa kluczowe
fizjoterapia

Assessment of thermal effects of kinesiology tape application

Henryk Racheniuk, Jan Szczeielniak, Katarzyna Bogacz, Sławomir Zator, Jacek Łuniewski, Grzegorz Skiba, Zbigniew Śliwiński

Henryk Racheniuk, Jan Szczeielniak, Katarzyna Bogacz, Sławomir Zator, Jacek Łuniewski, Grzegorz Skiba, Zbigniew Śliwiński – Assessment of thermal effects of kinesiology tape application. Fizjoterapia Polska 2008; 8(3); 310-316

Abstract
Background. This work presents the results of a thermovisual analysis of 20 patients subjected to a single Kinesiology Tape application to the lumbosacral region. The Y muscle technique was used for thermovisual assessment. Material and methods. The study involved a group of 20 volunteers, students of Opole Technical University, including 16 women and 4 men, at an average age of 21 years. The subjects had previously reported intermittent low back pain. The surface temperature of the area where Kinesiology Tape was applied was measured three times: before taping, at one hour after taping and 24 hours after the KT application. Results. The biggest increase in surface temperature was observed in centrally located Area 1, where mean temperature increased by 1.27°C while mean temperature increases in lateral test areas were 0.6°C. Temperature increases in test areas located directly on the tapes were 0.3°C. These values fall within thermovisual camera statistical error range. Conclusion. The highest temperature increase was observed in the central test area. The values of temperature increases of the lateral test areas and those located directly on the tape fell within the thermovisual camera statistical error range.
Key words:
Kinesiology Taping, thermovision, physiotherapy
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The effectiveness of Kinesio Taping applications in physiotherapy of post-cholecystectomy patients. Preliminary report

Marcin Krajczy, Jan Szczegielniak, Zbigniew Śliwiński, Krzysztof Kamiński

Marcin Krajczy, Jan Szczegielniak, Zbigniew Śliwiński, Krzysztof Kamiński – The effectiveness of Kinesio Taping applications in physiotherapy of post-cholecystectomy patients. Preliminary report. Fizjoterapia Polska 2008; 8(3); 279-289

Abstract
Background. Abdominal surgery is always associated with a variety of dysfunctions, including post-operative paralysis of the alimentary tract, water-electrolyte imbalance and other, related to the underlying disease, anaesthesia and any co-existing diseases. Post-operative pain, respiratory complications as well as impaired exercise tolerance remain a serious problem for postabdominal surgery patients. Material and methods. In order to confirm the clinical effects of Kinesio Taping, a study was performed on a group of 17 patients (8 men, 9 women) following recent open cholecystectomy in the General Surgery Unit of Nysa Municipal Hospital, between March 2007 and February 2008. The patients were randomized to a treatment group (5 women, 3 men), which received Kinesio Taping, and a control group (3 women, 6 men), which received standard treatment. The following parameters were evaluated during the study: subjective pain, abdominal circumferences, ventilatory function, exercise tolerance, duration of intestinal atony to the return of peristalsis and first post-operative defecation.Results and Conclusions. 1. Kinesio Taping applied to patients after cholecystectomy reduced pain, accelerated reduction of abdomen circumference and was associated with much lower consumption of analgesics compared to the control group. 2. Kinesio Taping considerably shortened post-operative intestinal atony, accelerating the return of peristalsis and first defecation after the operation. 3. Increased exercise tolerance and ventilatory function observed in the study indicates that Kinesio Taping is an effective physiotherapy technique in patients following a conventional cholecystectomy.
Key words:
general surgery, physiotherapy, Kinesio Taping
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