Analysis of pain and quality of life in women after radical and sparing mastectomy

Kinga Czaja, Zbigniew Śliwiński, Edyta Dziewisz-Markowska, Kamil Markowski

Kinga Czaja, Zbigniew Śliwiński, Edyta Dziewisz-Markowska, Kamil Markowski – Analysis of pain and quality of life in women after radical and sparing mastectomy. Fizjoterapia Polska 2021; 21(3); 214-225

Abstract
Objective. The objective of the study was to analyse pain and quality of life in women after radical and sparing mastectomy. The quality of life after radical mastectomy compared to sparing mastectomy was characterized, assessing difficulties in everyday life and work, as well as limitations in undertaking various activities caused by pain after the procedure. The study verified whether the type of mastectomy significantly impacted selected aspects of life.
Material and method. The questionnaire-based study was carried out among 100 patients of Holy Cross Cancer Centre, aged 29 to 88 years, after radical and sparing breast cancer treatment. In order to compare the values of quantitative and qualitative variables between the groups, Student’s t-test, chi-square test, Mann-Whitney test and Shapiro-Wilk test were used. A significance level of p <0.05 was adopted in the course of the analysis. Statistical analysis was performed using Statistica 13.1 by StatSoft; the data was collected in Excel 2016.
Results. The analysis showed no statistically significant differences in the level of pain intensity in each analysed area between the groups of women, however, it confirmed a statistically significant correlation between the type of surgery performed and the onset of pain as well as limitations in everyday functioning. The analysis showed no statistically significant differences in pain intensity depending on the treatment period.
Conclusions. The level of pain after radical and sparing mastectomy was similar. After radical mastectomy, the patients’ quality of life was lower than after sparing mastectomy. Rehabilitation reduced pain intensity and improved the patients’ quality of life.
Key words:
radical mastectomy, sparing mastectomy, rehabilitation, quality of life
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