Incidence of back pain in people practicing amateur horse riding

Ewa Puszczałowska-Lizis, Dominik Szymański, Piotr Pietrzak, Marcin Wilczyński


Ewa Puszczałowska-Lizis, Dominik Szymański, Piotr Pietrzak, Marcin Wilczyński – Incidence of back pain in people practicing amateur horse riding. Fizjoterapia Polska 2022; 22(4); 6-15

DOI: https://doi.org/10.56984/8ZG1A68mY

Abstract
Introduction. While riding a horse, proper seat requires the trunk positioning so that the rider’s centre of gravity overlaps with the horse’s centre of gravity. Seat errors can lead to repeated and cumulative spinal overloads. The aim of the study was to analyse the incidence of back pain in people who practice amateur horse riding.
Material and methods. The study involved 88 people aged 40-45 years, associated in equestrian centers. The research tool was the author’s questionnaire, Neck Disability Index (NDI) and Oswestry Distability Index (ODI). The collected research results were analysed with the use of Chi-square test and Mann-Whitney U test.
Results. Statistically significant relationships were found between the incidence of pain location and gender (p = 0.001), and also between between the gender and the opinion on the need to use physiotherapy in case of back problems (p = 0.049).
Conclusions. Women report pain in the lumbar and thoracic spine more frequently, while men report pain in the cervical section and entire spine. Women in a greater percentage than men believe that people who practice horse riding as an amateur should attend physiotherapy in case of pain.

Key words:
horse riding, spine, pain, physiotherapy

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Factors determining the knowledge of women aged 30-40 from the Rzeszów poviat about urinary incontinence

Ewa Puszczałowska-Lizis, Paweł Rychter, Marcin Wilczyński, Monika Banek


Ewa Puszczałowska-Lizis, Paweł Rychter, Marcin Wilczyński, Monika Banek – Factors determining the knowledge of women aged 30-40 from the Rzeszów poviat about urinary incontinence. Fizjoterapia Polska 2022; 22(1); 198-206

Abstract
Introduction. Urinary incontinence is any incident of uncontrolled leakage of urine from the urethra, regardless of the cause. The aim of the study was to assess the dependencies of se-lected factors with the level of knowledge about urinary incontinence in women.
Material and methods. The diagnostic survey using the author’s questionnaire covered 207 women aged 30 to 40 from the Rzeszów poviat, The data were analyzed based on Pearson’s Chi-square test (χ2).
Results. A statistically significant dependence was found between the level of education and the level of knowledge about urinary incontinence (p = 0.001).
Conclusions. Women with higher education have more knowledge about urinary incontinence than women with secondary and vocational education. Educational activities should be aimed mainly at women with secondary and vocational education. The elimination of risk factors should be encouraged, as well as the necessity of early diagnosis of urinary incontinence and immediate treatment.
Key words:
pelvic floor, urinary incontinence, prophylaxis, diagnostics, therapy
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Influence of chosen factors on the degree of disability resulting from pain in the cervical and lumbar spine among dentists

Ewa Puszczałowska-Lizis, Izabela Zbrońska, Wioletta Mazur, Sabina Lizis

E. Puszczałowska-Lizis, I. Zbrońska, W. Mazur, S. Lizis – Influence of chosen factors on the degree of disability resulting from pain in the cervical and lumbar spine among dentists. Fizjoterapia Polska 2021; 21(4); 104-115

Abstract
Introduction. Dentists, due to the specificity of their professional work, consisting in prolonged stay in a static sitting position, frequent tilting and rotation of the torso, repeated sequences of movements, are at risk of diseases of the musculoskeletal system, which can lead to disability. The aim of this study was to evaluate an impact of chosen factors on the degree of disability resulting from pain in the cervical and lumbar spine among dentists.
Material and methods. The results of a diagnostic survey performed among 97 professional active dentists aged 30-40 years, who during 2 years preceding the study experienced back pain, were analysed. The research tool was the author’s questionnaire, Neck Disability Index (NDI) and Oswestry Distability Index (ODI). The collected research results were analysed with the use of Mann-Whitney U test and Spearman rank correlation.
Results. Only 4% of dentists declared reliable compliance with the principles of ergonomics at work, and 72% of respondents undertook physical activity in their free time. No statistically significant relationships were found between age, body composition, seniority in the profession of a dentist, the number of working hours per day, and the level of disability determined on the basis of the NDI and ODI. Working from lateral or posterior access, taking up physical activity, and using physiotherapeutic procedures were not factors differentiating the level of disability of the respondents.
Conclusions. There is a need to create programs popularizing the need for reliable compliance with the principles of ergonomics in the profession of a dentist, and the implementation of new concepts of work organisation with reference to researched professional group.
Key words:
health policy, medicine of work, work ergonomics
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Influence of classical massage on pain and functional state of people with lumbar discopathy

Ewa Puszczałowska-Lizis, Paweł Rychter, Sławomir Jandziś, Patryk Zygmunt

Ewa Puszczałowska-Lizis, Paweł Rychter, Sławomir Jandziś, Patryk Zygmunt – Influence of classical massage on pain and functional state of people with lumbar discopathy. Fizjoterapia Polska 2021; 21(3); 8-18

Abstract
Introduction. Pain in the lumbar spine is a medical and social problem in highly developed countries. In Europe, about 25-43% of people suffer from them. Approximately 25-60% of patients suffer from chronic, progressive ailments, which lead to both incapacity for work and limitation of activities of daily living. The aim of the study was to assess the impact of classic massage on pain and functional state of people with lumbar discopathy.
Material and methods. The study included 61 people aged 45–50, attending therapy at the Independent Public Health Care Facility in Leżajsk due to pain in the lumbar spine. Patients were classified into 2 groups, depending on the applied rehabilitation program. The research tool was the NRS scale and questionnaires: ODI i RMDQ. The Chi-square test, Mann-Whitney U test, Wilcoxon test, Pearson linear correlation and Spearman rank correlation were used for analyses.
Results. After treatment statistically significant reduction of pain and improvement of functional efficiency were noted in both groups. A statistically significant positive relationship was found between the amount of improvement in functional capacity assessed by the ODI questionnaire and the age of patients (R = 0.43; p = 0.026).
Conclusions. Classical massage has an effect on relieving pain and improving functional performance in people with lumbar discopathy. There are relationships between functional performance and age in people with lumbar discopathy. The improvement in functional performance is smaller with age. Body build is not a factor affecting the severity of pain and functional performance of people with lumbar discopathy.
Key words:
lumbar spine, pain, functional efficiency
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Evaluation of progress of psychomotor therapy in children and youth with mental handicap and musculoskeletal disorders

Ewa Puszczałowska-Lizis, Filip Śmigiel, Katarzyna Zajkiewicz

Ewa Puszczałowska-Lizis, Filip Śmigiel, Katarzyna Zajkiewicz – Evaluation of progress of psychomotor therapy in children and youth with mental handicap and musculoskeletal disorders. Fizjoterapia Polska 2010; 10(1); 60-68

Abstract
Background. The rehabilitation of children and youth with mental handicap and musculoskeletal disorders is a difficult for both the therapist and the patient. To evaluate the effectiveness of therapy of mentally and physically handicapped children and youth and examine the correlation between therapeutic success and the degree of disability and place of residence.Materials and methods. The study involved two examinations of a group of 40 children attending a Centrę of Rehabilitation and Education in Rzeszów. The primary research tool was the PEDI scalę, which was used to evaluate the capacity for and performance of functional activities in three categories: independence, mobility and social functions.Results. Profoundly handicapped children and youth attained better results in independence and social function skills than persons with moderate and marked mental handicap. lmprovements in independence were seen in children aged 8-14 years from rural areas while improved social functions was seen in children aged 8-14 years living in urban areas and children in aged 15-17 years living in rural areas.Conclusions. The selection of therapeutic modalities should take into account the intellectual ability ofthe handicapped persons. The place of residence can influence the functions investigated in the study only up to a certain period oflife.
Key words:
children rehabilitation, mental handicap,musculosceletal disorders, PEDI scale
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The influence of systematic physiotherapy on upper limb function in post-mastectomy women

Ewa Puszczałowska-Lizis, Paweł Lizis

Ewa Puszczałowska-Lizis, Paweł Lizis – The influence of systematic physiotherapy on upper limb function in post-mastectomy women. Fizjoterapia Polska 2011; 11(1); 41-48

Abstract
The aim of this paper was to evaluate the effect of physiotherapy on upper limb function in post-mastectomy women. Thirty-three women attending the Amazons Post-Mastectomy Women’s Club at the Holy Cross Cancer Centre in Kielce were examined on two occasions at three months’ interval. The participants were divided into Group I of 15 patients regularly attending rehabilitation and Group II of 18 patients practicing rehabilitation occasionally. Bilateral measurement of the angular range of motion in the shoulder was the basic method of assessment. A shoulder range of motion of the upper limb on the operated side smaller by more than 10° in relation to the opposite limb was regarded as ROM limitation. Upper limb circumferences were also measured at 10 cm above and below the lateral humeral epicondyle and in the central metacarpus excluding the thumb to an accuracy of 1 mm. Circumferences of the upper limb on the operated side greater by more than 2 cm compared to the opposite limb were regarded as lymphoedema. Our evaluation of statistical significance of correlations between qualitative parameters (influence of rehabilitation on limitation of the shoulder range of motion and incidence of lymphoedema) relied on the non-parametric Chi-square test (χ²).There was a statistically significant correlation between regular rehabilitation practice and the shoulder range of motion and persistence of upper limb lymphoedema on the mastectomy side.Physiotherapy improves ROM and effectively prevents deterioration of upper limb lymphoedema in post-mastectomy women.
Key words:
breast cancer, mastectomy, shoulder joint, range of motion, lymphoedema
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Effects of therapy of children with psychomotor development disorders in the Conductive Education system

Ewa Puszczałowska-Lizis, Izabela Zbrońska, Małgorzata Słomiana, Sabina Lizis

Ewa Puszczałowska-Lizis, Izabela Zbrońska, Małgorzata Słomiana, Sabina Lizis – Effects of therapy of children with psychomotor development disorders in the Conductive Education system. Fizjoterapia Polska 2021; 21(1); 106-111

Abstract
Introduction. Children with psychomotor disorders require specialized, interdisciplinary, coordinated revalidation and therapeutic interventions focused on correcting developmental deficiencies or their compensation. The aim of the study was to assess the impact of a 3-month therapy in the Conductive Education system on independence, mobility and social functions of children with psychomotor retardation.
Material and methods. The study included 80 6-year-old children with psychomotor retardation. The research tool was the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory – PEDI.
Results. Statistically significant intergroup differences were found in the results of examinations I-II, related to the category: independence, mobility and social functions. There were no statistically significant discrepancies in terms of improvement (differences in the results of examination II versus examination I).
Results. The three-month therapy of children with disorders of psychomotor development in the Conductive Education System resulted in improvement in terms of independence, mobility and social functions. The extent of improvement, which was the difference between the results obtained in examination II and examination I, was comparable to the results of the therapeutic procedures carried out in the Day Ward of Neurorehabilitation.
Key words:
independence, mobility, social functions, physiotherapy, rewalidation
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Attitudes of high school students towards people with disabilities

Ewa Puszczałowska-Lizis, Sylwia Kędzior, Izabela Zbrońska, Sabina Lizis

E. Puszczałowska-Lizis, S. Kędzior, I. Zbrońska, S. Lizis – Attitudes of high school students towards people with disabilities. Fizjoterapia Polska 2020; 20(4); 144-153

Abstract

Introduction. Social attitude is a relatively permanent system of beliefs, emotions, feelings and behaviors in relation to a given object/person, which is the result of interactions that an individual is subjected to throughout their life. The aim of the study was to assess attitudes of upper secondary school students towards people with disabilities.
Materiał i metody. 287 students (122 women and 165 men) were included in the diagnostic survey using the author’s survey and the Scale of Attitudes Towards Disabled People in upper secondary schools. The data were analyzed based on Chi-square test, Mann Whitney U test, ANOVA Kruskal-Wallis test, post hoc test for multiple comparisons.
Results. Statistically significant relationships were found between gender and irony and mockery behaviors for people with disabilities (p < 0.001) and participation in actions for the disabled (p < 0.001). Gender differentiated the attitude towards charity actions for the benefit of people with disabilities (p < 0.001), and the type of school diversified attitudes of high school youth towards the disabled (p = 0.003).
Wnioski. Men more often directed irony and mockery at people with disabilities. Women had a better attitude to charity campaigns for the disabled and participate in them more often. High school students had definitely more positive attitudes than representatives of vocational schools and technical secondary schools.

 

Key words:

social influences, stereotypes, rejection, acceptance, socialization

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The situation of mothers raising children with intellectual disabilities in relation to selected sociodemographic and clinical factors

Ewa Puszczałowska-Lizis, Aleksandra Rokosz, Izabela Zbrońska, Sabina Lizis

E. Puszczałowska-Lizis, A. Rokosz, I. Zbrońska, S. Lizis –The situation of mothers raising children with intellectual disabilities in relation to selected sociodemographic and clinical factors. Fizjoterapia Polska 2020; 20(2); 110-124

Abstract
Background. The diagnosis of a child’s intellectual disability may trigger different emotions in parents, as a result of which the family may be strengthened, unified or weakened and destabilized. The aim of the study was to assess the situation of mothers raising children with disabilities depending on their age, living environment, education level and the degree of intellectual disability of the child.
Material and methods. The Chi-square test analyzed the results of 103 questionnaires from a diagnostic survey carried out in rehabilitation and educational facilities among mothers of children with intellectual disabilities.
Results. Statistically significant correlations between the age of mothers and the forms of education chosen for children (p = 0.021) and the type of extra classes (p = 0.015) were found. The level of education of mothers showed relationships with the type of sources of information about the specificity of child disorders (p = 0.043), and the degree of disability of the child with the frequency of receiving support from loved ones (p = 0.038), using institutional material help (p = 0.002), the type of factors that are most difficult to accept (p = 0.021), and feelings about the future of children (p = 0.002).
Conclusions. The mothers’ age determines the forms of education and the type of extra-curricular activities. The living environment does not determine the situation of families raising a child with intellectual disability. The mothers’ level of education determines the frequency of using sources of information about the specificity of a child’s disorder. The degree of intellectual disability of a child determines the frequency with which mothers can count on the support of the loved ones, the frequency of using material assistance provided by institutions, as well as the most difficult to accept factors and feelings about the future.

Key words:
disability, support, acceptance, education

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对因退行性变化过程中产生颈椎疼痛的上班族所进行的两种水疗法的疗效比较

Ewa Puszczałowska-Lizis, Kamila Dobrucka, Izabela Zbrońska

E. Puszczałowska-Lizis, K. Dobrucka, I. Zbrońska – Comparison of the effectiveness of two health resort therapy programs in office workers with the pain in the cervical spine occurring in the course of degenerative changes. Fizjoterapia Polska 2019; 19(4); 126-135

摘要
简介。在现代文明时代,腰椎病痛成为医学和社会问题,在慢性病中的多种疼痛综合症、复发性质和疼痛持续性促使人们去寻求有效的诊断和治疗方法。研究目的在比较两种水疗法对减轻上班族颈椎退行性疾病的疼痛和消除功能限制方面的有效性。
材料和方法。共144名年龄在45-55岁间的女性上班族参与研究,她们参与退行性变化过程中所产生颈椎疼痛的康复治疗。根据所应用的康复计划不同,这些女患者被分成两组。实验工具包括颈椎功能测试(Valsalva、Kernig、压缩测试及牵引测试)、颈椎活动范围的线性测量、NRS量表及NDI指数等。分析时所采取的测试包括:卡方检验、学生 t检定、曼-怀-威三氏检验等。
结果。两组康复治疗结束后,在功能测试、颈椎活动范围、NRS标度值及NDI指数方面均观察到具统计学意义的显著改善。第二组患者所取得的研究结果差异比第一组更大。
结论。两种治疗计划的使用均有助于减轻疼痛并改善功能效率,然而接受包含泥疗法在内计划的患者所获得的改善程度更大。

关键词:
颈椎、疼痛、功能效率、浴疗法

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