The influence of early, after – hospital physiotherapy on ventilatory lung function in patients after CABG

Jan Szczegielniak, Katarzyna Bogacz

Jan Szczegielniak, Katarzyna Bogacz – The influence of early, after – hospital physiotherapy on ventilatory lung function in patients after CABG. Fizjoterapia Polska 2002; 2(2); 108-111

Abstract
Background. The aim of this research paper is to describe the influence of early, post-hospitalization physiotherapy on ventilatory lung function in patients after CABG. Material and methods. The effectiveness of physiotherapy was assessed on the basis of examination of the respiratory system, in 36 patients. Results. The decrease of ventilatory indicators before post-hospitalization physiotherapy indicates the negative influence of CABG on ventilatory lung function of these patients. Conclusions. The improvement of ventilatory lung function, expressed by significant increases of indicators MEF50, MEF 25-75, PEF, FVC and FEV1 in our patients indicates that physiotherapy, including elements of breathing exercises, comprises the crucial element in the treatment patients after CABG.

Key words:
CABG, early post-hospitalization physiothearapy, ventilatory lung function

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The suitability of 6- and 12-minute brisk walking tests in qualifying for exercise patientss with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Jan Szczegielniak, Roman Szop, Katarzyna Bogacz

Jan Szczegielniak, Roman Szop, Katarzyna Bogacz – The suitability of 6- and 12-minute brisk walking tests in qualifying for exercise patientss with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Fizjoterapia Polska 2004; 4(3); 245-249

Abstract

Background. The purpose of this work was to evaluate the suitability of brisk walking tests in qualifying patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease for exercise. Material and methods. The article presents a description of the tests as a method for evaluating the exertion capacity necessary for proper loading of patients with physical exertion during exercises. Results. The dependence we found between the basic values of the tested indices specifying the ventilation capacity of the lungs and the energy expenditure measured in the 6- and 12-minute brisk walking tests indicates that these tests are suitable for qualifying patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease for exercise. Conclusions. Determining the energy expenditure in METS in the 6- and 12-minute brisk walking test enables proper dosing of physical exertion in the home-based rehabilitation of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease after in-patient treatment, and developing indications for their motor activity.

Key words:
Exertion, Pulmonary Ventilation, pulmonary capacity testing
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Kinesiotaping application in children with scoliosis

Zbigniew Śliwiński, Wojciech Kufel, Bartłomiej Halat, Beata Michalak, Jan Szczegielniak, Wojciech Kiebzak, Tomasz Senderek

Zbigniew Śliwiński, Wojciech Kufel, Bartłomiej Halat, Beata Michalak, Jan Szczegielniak, Wojciech Kiebzak, Tomasz Senderek – Kinesiotaping application in children with scoliosis. Fizjoterapia Polska 2007; 7(3); 370-375

Abstract
Background. Scoliosis is still a serious problem, despite numerous therapeutic methods. Kinesiotapping (KT) is one of the methods, which can prove helpful in scoliosis treatment. Using proper applications, we can affect alteration of stability line and achieve balance of the spine. Material and methods. The studies were conducted in Zgorzelec Rehabilitation Centre. The participants were 18 children, who stayed there for rehabilitation, including 16 girls and 2 boys. The mean age was 12 years in this group. Changes in the waist angle were evaluated before and after KT application. Results. The obtained results indicate that application of KT in the examined group results in waist angle change, on average by 4 degrees. For left waist angle this mean value is 5.27 degrees, while for the right waist angle it is 2.58 degrees. The highest value for correction was 11.2 degrees. Conclusions. Selected KT techniques result in changes in stability line course, which is also manifested by waist angle change. Due to muscular and fascial tone normalization, the posture of a child with scoliosis changes in the frontal and sagittal plane. KT as a new method, using multiple forms and techniques, seems helpful in carrying out rehabilitation programme for children with scoliosis.
Key words:
scoliosis, KT application, angle of waist
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Kinesiotaping after thoracosurgeries

Jan Szczegielniak, Marcin Krajczy, Katarzyna Bogacz, Jacek Łuniewski, Zbigniew Śliwiński

Jan Szczegielniak, Marcin Krajczy, Katarzyna Bogacz, Jacek Łuniewski, Zbigniew Śliwiński – Kinesiotaping after thoracosurgeries. Fizjoterapia Polska 2007; 7(3); 344-350

Abstract
In 2005 there were about 15 000 operations carried out in Thoracosurgery Units in Poland. The majority of these involved lobectomy due to structural changes resulting from cancer. It is worth mentioning that the majority of patients were operated on during their first or second stages of the disease, which shows improvement in methods used for diagnostic purposes qualifying for surgical operations. However, the patients treated in the third stage of their disease might reach even 40%. Application of physiotherapy in these patients is a complex problem due to the disease, their overall condition and post-operative complications. The treatment aims at improving the efficiency, strengthening the respiration mechanism, increasing thoracic flexibility and pain relief – which finally leads to improvement of the patient’s well-being. In case of possible lymphatic swelling, drainage and antiedema treatment are also very important. In case of the patients, who underwent surgery, not connected with cancer, physical treatment and massage are valuable complementation to kinesitherapy, which is the basis of physiotherapeutic treatment. They are mainly used in order to stabilize the muscle tone, decrease swelling and pain perception. However, because of the main disease, they could not be applied in most of patients. Under limited possibility of using physiotherapeutic treatment, kinesiotaping (KT) is a safe method stimulating post—operative scar healing, improving muscle activity and helping to decrease swelling and pain.
Key words:
kinesiotaping, physiotherapy, thoracosurgery
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The possibilities of using Kinesio Taping in patients after cardiac surgery

Jan Szczegielniak, Jacek Łuniewski, Katarzyna Bogacz, Marcin Krajczy, Zbigniew Śliwiński

Jan Szczegielniak, Jacek Łuniewski, Katarzyna Bogacz, Marcin Krajczy, Zbigniew Śliwiński – The possibilities of using Kinesio Taping in patients after cardiac surgery. Fizjoterapia Polska 2007; 7(4); 465-471

Abstract
Background. Kinesio Taping is used in physiotherapy to stimulate recovery and increase physical efficiency. Kinesio Taping offers new possibilities of using physiotherapy in patients who cannot fully benefit from kinesiotherapy or physiotherapy. Kinesio Taping is a method of treatment of pain syndromes reducing subjective pain perception. Appropriate applications, adjusted to patients’ needs and overall health, stimulate the activity of the lymphatic system and auxiliary respiratory muscles, regulate muscle tone, accelerate post-operative scar healing processes and provide additional scar stabilization.The aim. The article presents possibilities for using Kinesio Taping in patients after cardiac surgery. Kinesio Taping was used in the study in order to reduce pain, stabilize muscle tone, support respiratory muscles, prevent pectoralis muscle contracture, accelerate post-operative scar healing processes, increase post-operative scar elasticity and prevent the development of adhesions. Conclusions. The observed results of therapy were as follows: a decrease in subjective pain perception, a reduction of oedema, additional scar stabilization, and fully active participation of the patients in kinesiotherapy, which was limited before the KT treatment.
Key words:
Kinesio Taping, physiotherapy, cardio-surgery
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Usefulness of Kinesiology Taping in post-stroke patients rehabilitated with the PNF method. Preliminary report

Zbigniew Śliwiński, Marta Kopa, Bartłomiej Halat, Beata Michalak, Wojciech Kufel, Henryk Racheniuk, Magdalena Wilk, Marcin Krajczy, Jan Szczegielniak

Zbigniew Śliwiński, Marta Kopa, Bartłomiej Halat, Beata Michalak, Wojciech Kufel, Henryk Racheniuk, Magdalena Wilk, Marcin Krajczy, Jan Szczegielniak – Usefulness of Kinesiology Taping in post-stroke patients rehabilitated with the PNF method. Preliminary report. Fizjoterapia Polska 2008; 8(3); 325-334

Abstract
Background. Physiotherapy employs a number of kinesiotherapeutic methods based on understanding the course of the development- and movement-related neurophysiological processes, with PNF being one of the methods. Rehabilitation of stroke patients produces better results if different methods are combined, e. g. PNF and KT. Material and methods. The study involved 15 post-stroke patients, including 10 men and 5 women, aged 39-72. Each subject was examined once. Two muscle tone tests according to the Ashworth scale and three functional tests of the paralyzed upper extremity (prior to the therapy, on completion of PNF therapy and following functional KT application) were performed. The upper extremity function test consisted in the subject picking up an object. The distance [cm] between the object and the table surface was measured. Each patient underwent a 45-60 minute rehabilitation session using the PNF method. Additionally, KT was applied onto the radiocarpal joint extensor muscles.Results. Muscle tone according to the Ashworth scale did not change. The mean functional test results [cm] were as follows: 3.8 prior to the therapy, 6.6 post-PNF, and 7.8 post-KT. In two subjects the functional test results did not change, whereas the upper extremity function in the remaining 13 subjects improved after PNF therapy. A marked improvement was observed following the application of KT. In 10 patients, the additional KT application considerably facilitated PNF-based rehabilitation. Conclusions. A combined PNF and KT therapy contributes to improvement of function in the paralyzed extremity. Functional KT application proved to be useful and to facilitate PNF rehabilitation, and so the two modalities may and even should be combined. Although the patients were only subjected to a single PNF session, the function of the upper extremity improved. An even more marked improvement was observed following the functional application of KT. Muscle tone according to the Ashworth scale did not change significantly on completion of the therapy. However, it did not have a decisive influence on the positive results of the functional tests. We did not observe a correlation between the combined PNF and KT therapy and the duration of the post-stroke period was.
Key words:
Kinesiology Taping applications, PNF method, cerebral stroke
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Vojta Screening Tests in children with CNS damage and functional applications of Kinesiology Taping

Zbigniew Śliwiński, Bartłomiej Halat, Beata Michalak, Wojciech Kufel, Marta Kopa, Jacek Łuniewski, Katarzyna Bogacz, Marcin Krajczy, Jan Szczegielniak

Zbigniew Śliwiński, Bartłomiej Halat, Beata Michalak, Wojciech Kufel, Marta Kopa, Jacek Łuniewski, Katarzyna Bogacz, Marcin Krajczy, Jan Szczegielniak – Vojta Screening Tests in children with CNS damage and functional applications of Kinesiology Taping. Fizjoterapia Polska 2008; 8(3); 317-324

Abstract
Background. The manifestations of CNS disorders, whether it is spasticity, athetosis, ataxia, or any other, are not visible shortly after birth. They usually develop during the first 4 months of life. They can only be elicited in challenge tests, including kinesiological diagnostic work- up according to V. Vojta.Aim – to define the effect of Kinesiology Taping functional application in children with central coordination disorders. Material and Methods. The study involved 28 patients from the Inpatient Rehabilitation Centre of the Multi-speciality Independent Public Health Care Facility in Zgorzelec (10 boys and 18 girls aged 6-10 months). The mean age of the group was 8 months.Results. Changes in the subjects’ postural reactivity were produced in the course of Vojta kinesiological tests. The difference between the number of pre- and post-Kinesiology Taping abnormal reactions [%] was statistically significant for 3 out of the 7 reactions tested. The mean number of abnormal reactions was 3.12 out of 7 reactions tested. The post-KT results improved inasmuch as the number of abnormal reactions decreased on average by 1 to 2.14 abnormal reactions out of the 7 reactions tested.Conclusions. Children tolerate the therapy of Kinesiology Taping very well. KT produces changes in the spatial arrangement of body parts and improves spatial reactivity, as was observed in the Vojta tests. The Traction Response test showed body axis correction in asymmetric children. The suspension test according to Collis revealed that the application of KT on the hand exerted an effect on muscle tone.
Key words:
Vojta screening tests, Kinesiology Taping
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The effectiveness of Kinesio Taping applications in physiotherapy of post-cholecystectomy patients. Preliminary report

Marcin Krajczy, Jan Szczegielniak, Zbigniew Śliwiński, Krzysztof Kamiński

Marcin Krajczy, Jan Szczegielniak, Zbigniew Śliwiński, Krzysztof Kamiński – The effectiveness of Kinesio Taping applications in physiotherapy of post-cholecystectomy patients. Preliminary report. Fizjoterapia Polska 2008; 8(3); 279-289

Abstract
Background. Abdominal surgery is always associated with a variety of dysfunctions, including post-operative paralysis of the alimentary tract, water-electrolyte imbalance and other, related to the underlying disease, anaesthesia and any co-existing diseases. Post-operative pain, respiratory complications as well as impaired exercise tolerance remain a serious problem for postabdominal surgery patients. Material and methods. In order to confirm the clinical effects of Kinesio Taping, a study was performed on a group of 17 patients (8 men, 9 women) following recent open cholecystectomy in the General Surgery Unit of Nysa Municipal Hospital, between March 2007 and February 2008. The patients were randomized to a treatment group (5 women, 3 men), which received Kinesio Taping, and a control group (3 women, 6 men), which received standard treatment. The following parameters were evaluated during the study: subjective pain, abdominal circumferences, ventilatory function, exercise tolerance, duration of intestinal atony to the return of peristalsis and first post-operative defecation.Results and Conclusions. 1. Kinesio Taping applied to patients after cholecystectomy reduced pain, accelerated reduction of abdomen circumference and was associated with much lower consumption of analgesics compared to the control group. 2. Kinesio Taping considerably shortened post-operative intestinal atony, accelerating the return of peristalsis and first defecation after the operation. 3. Increased exercise tolerance and ventilatory function observed in the study indicates that Kinesio Taping is an effective physiotherapy technique in patients following a conventional cholecystectomy.
Key words:
general surgery, physiotherapy, Kinesio Taping
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Standards of competence in the physiotherapist profession

Wojciech Kiebzak, Jan Szczegielniak, Michał Butkiewicz, Bogusław Frańczuk, Małgorzata Starczyńska, Zbigniew Śliwiński

Wojciech Kiebzak, Jan Szczegielniak, Michał Butkiewicz, Bogusław Frańczuk, Małgorzata Starczyńska, Zbigniew Śliwiński – Standards of competence in the physiotherapist profession. Fizjoterapia Polska 2009; 9(1); 84-96

Abstract
Background. Work on standards of professional aualifications was started in Poland in the 1990’s. The standards contain a general description of professional tasks in the context of the particular profession together with an outline of the associated skills and qualifications. A total of 253 qualifica-tions standards had been developed by the end of 2007, including standards for physiotherapists, physiotherapy assistants and massage specialists. Material and methods. Five levels of qualifications have been defined in the National Professional Oualification Standard in accordance with EC provisions, taking under consideration the complexity of work, the difficulty of the skills, the degree of responsibility and the level of professional hierarchy which students are prepared to. The sets of skills, knowledge and psychophysical characteristics were assigned to four groups of qualifications: extra-professional, general-professional, basie professional and specialised professional skills, with indMdual groups differing in terms of scope and degree of generalny. On the basis of the above criteria, a questionnaire was designed and a survey was carried out. The questionnaire, which had over 30 pages, was first tested in a pilot study involving 8 persons and then used in a target study of 40 respondents. Both studies involved active physiotherapists as well as the management of the facility where they were employed. The results of the suney served to develop a preliminary version of the standard, which was later assessed by three evaluators during a session with the authors. Following incorporation of justified comments and emenda-tions, the standard was sent to reviewers, whose remarks were incorporated before the standard was submitted to a relevant committee for approval. Results. The standard of the physiotherapist profession was elaborated, including the legal basis of the profession, a synoptic description of the profession, work place, professional tasks, and a specification of general-professional, basie and specialized qualifications for the profession. Conclusions. 1. The standard is a single document specifying the range of knowledge and skills, professional tasks and the scope of professional responsibility. 2. The standard of the physiotherapist profession can be used by interested persons and institutions for a variety of purposes, e.g. vocational counselling, employment policies, personnel policy of companies and institutions as well as for social insurance related purpos-es to estimate occupational risk and determine insurance premiums accordingly and in jurisprudence and to determine social insurance.
Key words:
physiotherapist, professional tasks, professional competence
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Assessment of gait patiem following Kinesiology Taping application in patients after cerebral stroke

Beata Michalak, Bartłomiej Halat, Wojciech Kufel, Marta Kopa, Jacek Łuniewski, Katarzyna Bogacz, Magdalena Wilk, Marcin Krajczy, Anna Lipińska, Jan Szczegielniak, Zbigniew Śliwiński

Beata Michalak, Bartłomiej Halat, Wojciech Kufel, Marta Kopa, Jacek Łuniewski, Katarzyna Bogacz, Magdalena Wilk, Marcin Krajczy, Anna Lipińska, Jan Szczegielniak, Zbigniew Śliwiński – Assessment of gait patiem following Kinesiology Taping application in patients after cerebral stroke. Fizjoterapia Polska 2009; 9(2); 133-142

Abstract
Background. The authors present an assessment of gait pattern in stroke patients subjected to comprehensive physiotherapy inclu-ding Kinesiology Taping applications. Material and methods. The KT group included 20 patients (13 men and 7 women) who were subjected to Kinesiology Taping. KT applications were not used in the control group, which consisted of 5 women and 15 men. Ali patients underwent physical, neurological and functional examinations, which constituted the basis for designing a rehabilitation program. Results. The analysis of the results indicates that functional KT application to the anterior tibial muscie, ligamentous KT application to the Achilles tendon and muscular KT application to the soleus muscie significantly contributed to improving ankle joint function. Patients treated with KT applications demonstrated improved gait patterns, visible as balanced step length and an extended support phase main-taining the body weight. When learning and analyzing the gait pattern, the midstance phase (fuli loading) is a significant element prece-ding the propulsion phase. This assessment of gait patterns following KT application in stroke patient is an innovative study. Conclusions. Muscular and ligamentous Kinesiology Taping applications reduce the spastic tension of the lower limb muscles para-lyzed as a result of cerebral stroke, The beneficial effect of Kinesiology Taping described by the founders ofthis method reduces the congestive edema of the limbs paralyzed as a result of a cerebral stroke and improve the gait pattern. The rehabilitation program applied in this study increased the gait speed of the stroke patients.
Key words:
Kinesiology Taping, muscular applications, ligamentous applications, corrective applications, cerebral stroke
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