The thermogram of cervical spinal pain syndrome as an attempt to objectivize pain

Bożena Jasiak-Tyrkalska, Bogusław Frańczuk, Janusz Otfinowski

Bożena Jasiak-Tyrkalska, Bogusław Frańczuk, Janusz Otfinowski – The thermogram of cervical spinal pain syndrome as an attempt to objectivize pain. Fizjoterapia Polska 2003; 3(3); 250-255

Abstract

Background. This paper describes the features of thermovisual images in cervical spinal pain syndrome and their variability over the course of rehabilitation, and makes an effort to specify the interdependence of these characteristics and pain relief. Material and methods. Thermovisual tests were performed on 71 patients in rehabilitation for cervical spine pain syndrome.Results. The thermovisual image of the cervical spinal region in patients with pain syndrome is different from that of healthy persons. It is characterized by considerable asymmetry of temperature and increased hyperthermia in the neck and shoulders. Over the course of rehabilitation a distinct evolution could be seen in the direction of temperature symmetry in this region. Conclusion. There is a significant correlation between pain relief and the features of the thermovisual image.

Key words:
thermovision, pain, rehabilitation
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Transcutaneous electrical-nerve-stymulation tens onto level of fear at ill with chronic pain of section loin of spine

Iwona Demczyszak, Zdzisława Wrzosek, Wojciech Hagner

Iwona Demczyszak, Zdzisława Wrzosek, Wojciech Hagner – Transcutaneous electrical-nerve-stymulation tens onto level of fear at ill with chronic pain of section loin of spine. Fizjoterapia Polska 2004; 4(1); 8-12

Abstract

Background. The transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation was to evaluate of work usefulness of and examining of applied method of treatment onto level of fear at ill with chronic pain in ground of spine. Material and methods. Investigation degeneration were moved in group of 59 patients with symptoms of chronic pain in after-effect of changes-disfiguring section of loin spine. Level of fear in studied group ISCL were estimated behind help of questionnaire. Heal conduct hugged endeavors with use of impulses TENS as well as heal practices. Results. The statistical tests dependence was showed between level of fear in studied group and results of treatment. Sex was not essential meaning in formation both guilds as state of fear in studied group. Conclusions. Applied method of treatment contributed to lower of level of fear in studied group and results confirmed usefulness in treatment ill with symptoms of chronic pain.

Key words:
Pain, Fear, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
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An evaluation of the effectiveness of two different thermal therapy procedures in the rehabilitation of patients with degenerative changes in the knee joint

Bożena Jasiak-Tyrkalska, Bogusław Frańczuk, Jolanta Jaworek, Daniela Mosurska

Bożena Jasiak-Tyrkalska, Bogusław Frańczuk, Jolanta Jaworek, Daniela Mosurska – An evaluation of the effectiveness of two different thermal therapy procedures in the rehabilitation of patients with degenerative changes in the knee joint. Fizjoterapia Polska 2004; 4(2); 157-162

Abstract

Background. The aim of our research was to evaluate and compare the analgesic effectiveness of thermal therapy in conjunction with magnetotherapy and active exercises without weight load to improve the functional efficiency of the knee joint with degenerative changes. Material and methods. The level of pain, range of movement, and strength of muscle groups in the knee joint were tested before and after rehabilitation in 48 patients, divided randomly into two groups of 24 people. Results. In both groups there was a reduction in the average level of reported pain, and in the flexion deficit in the knee joint. No changes were noted in the increase of average muscle strength in the flexors and extensors of the knee. Conclusions. In respect to analgesic action and improvement of function in a knee with degnerative changes, a rehabilitation program that includes local cryotherapy proved to be more effective that a program using Sollux lamp irradiation.

Key words:
gonarthrosis, pain, magnetotherapy, cryotherapy
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Methods of physiotherapy in treatment of intervertebral disc’s pathology in lumbar part of spine

Przemysław Lisiński, Agnieszka Jachowska, Włodzimierz Samborski

Przemysław Lisiński, Agnieszka Jachowska, Włodzimierz Samborski – Methods of physiotherapy in treatment of intervertebral disc’s pathology in lumbar part of spine. Fizjoterapia Polska 2006; 6(3); 222-227

Abstract
Background. Physiotherapy is very often the first step in a treatment of back pain. The aim of kinesis therapy is a probe of a damaged disc reposition. Beside of this kinesis therapy improve an elasticity of ligaments and makes stronger a paravertebral muscles. Physical therapy procedures plays significant role in a pain treatment in subjective categories of course. Material and methods. All participants of that study were selected by clinical examination and analyses of accessory investigations. Clinical examination was repeated after twenty days of treatment by different physiotherapeutic procedures. So forty patients were included in a treatment. Status of health was calculated by typical orthopedic procedure and total pain pattern questionnaire. The aim of study was to state if physiotherapy is useful method of pain treatment and to compare effects different groups of procedures. Results. All participants of that study state positive effects of a treatment which was used during twenty days. A majority of them described pain after a treatment as a small discomfort or did not feel pain at all. Beside of these findings they concluded that a frequency of pain appearance depressed in near all analyzed cases. Conclusion. Back pain caused by disc derangement positively responded on physiotherapeutic procedures. A selection of particular methods is not so important in effectiveness categories. The treatment is the most successful when kinesis therapy and physical therapy are joined.

Key words:
pain, lumbar spine, physiotherapy

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The evaluation of the efficacy of medical massage in degenerative changes of the lumbar spine

Waldemar Andrzejewski, Krzysztof Kassolik, Paweł Adam

Waldemar Andrzejewski, Krzysztof Kassolik, Paweł Adam – The evaluation of the efficacy of medical massage in degenerative changes of the lumbar spine. Fizjoterapia Polska 2006; 6(3); 198-205

Abstract
Background. Low back pain caused by degenerative changes is a common reason for long-term pharmacological treatment utilizing analgesic medications, anti-inflammatory medications and medication decreasing muscle tension. Also therapeutic methods from the realm of physiotherapy are used in the treatment: kinesitherapy, physiotherapy and massage. In the case of medical massage based on the principle of tensegrity, therapists have individual approach to the patient. They assess tonus of soft tissue of the motor apparatus, localize pain and the ways it spreads. Such approach increases the likelihood that the therapy will succeed and can improve its efficacy. The study is an attempt to evaluate the efficacy of medical massage performed in people with degenerative changes of the low back. Material and methods. The participants of the study were 30 people in the age range 42-65 (mean age 53.5): 19 women and 11 men, who reported to the physicians with low back pain. Medical examination and X-Ray images indicated degenerative changes in the lumbar spine. The procedures were performed 3 times a week for 2 weeks. Each procedure lasted 45-60 min. Health evaluation record was used to evaluate the efficacy of the therapy. Medical history of a patient was taken on the basis of the record and physical examination of pressure sensitivity of soft tissue of the motor apparatus was performed. Another tool of the research method was a survey checking the patient’s subjective assessment of the state of health as well as frequency and intensity of the lumbar spine pain and lower limbs pain. Results. Pressure sensitivity of the examined structures decreased or regressed in all patients as a result of the therapy. After a series of procedures, pain, overall feeling of well-being and current state of health improved to various degrees. In all cases, the incidence and intensity of pain in the lower limbs decreased after the therapy. Conclusions. Medical massage can be an effective method of physiotherapeutic treatment in cases of pain connected with degenerative changes of the lumbar spine.

Key words:
medical massage, degenerative changes of the lumbar spine, pain

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Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation in low back pain treatment

Barbara Ratajczak, Ewa Boerner, Arletta Hawrylak, Aneta Demidaś

Barbara Ratajczak, Ewa Boerner, Arletta Hawrylak, Aneta Demidaś – Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation in low back pain treatment. Fizjoterapia Polska 2008; 8(2); 179-188

Abstract
Background. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of TENS and its impact on pain intensity, mobility range and functional capacity of the spine in subjects with a diagnosed lumbar discopathy. Material and methods. The study group consisted of 40 patients with a diagnosed lumbar discopathy. This group was subjected to TENS therapy. The intensity of pain, functional status and mobility range of the lumbar spine in the sagittal, frontal and transverse planes were assessed in all patients before and after the therapy.Results. The results indicate that functional capacity correlates significantly with pain level. The sensation of pain is the main determinant of patients’ physical and mental well-being. It is reflected both in differences in pain level owing to TENS (the patients’ physical and mental state was getting better along with decreasing pain level) and in the values of this parameter before and after the TENS therapy. The observed differences were statistically significant, allowing the conclusion that functional capacity correlates significantly with pain intensity.Conclusion. Pain intensity decreased considerably under the influence of TENS, which also had a marked effect on increasing lumbar flexion range in the sagittal plane. The patient’s functional capacity improved significantly with TENS and, consequently, so did their general physical and mental well-being.
Key words:
discopathy, transcutaneus electrical nerve stimulation, pain, functional fitness test
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Practical aspects of the sensory and modulatory function of nociceptors

Maciej Pawlak

Maciej Pawlak – Practical aspects of the sensory and modulatory function of nociceptors. Fizjoterapia Polska 2008; 8(2); 115-127

Abstract
Our rapidly increasing knowledge of neurobiology provides new information that helps understand the nature of pain. Nociceptors, the most component of the nociceptive system, are no longer regarded as structures whose only task is to register noxious stimuli. Nociceptors are also known to be actively involved in inflammatory processes occurring within their environment and have a modulatory function owing to the release of inflammatory transmitters and neuropeptides.An insight into the molecular principles of activation has made it possible to understand transduction processes resulting from activation of membrane channels and receptors by different stimuli and the associated activation of intracellular signalling processes. An understanding of nociceptor sensitization mechanisms and the role of pro- and anti-inflammatory factors enables the selection of specific pharmacological or mechanoprotective drugs which increase the sensitivity threshold of nociceptors or prevent their sensitization.More information about the structure and function of nociceptors, and particularly factors which determine the detection of various sensory stimuli, such as warmth or cold, could shed new light on the role of some physiotherapeutic procedures in pain modulation. On the basis of our own experience and literature reports, we present a review of state-of-the-art knowledge in this area.
Key words:
nociceptor, pain, modulation, neuropeptides, sensitization
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Efficacy of Ultrasound therapy versus conventional therapy on reducing multiple components of neuropathic pain in diabetic neuropathic patients – comparative study

Amany Gomaa Atiaa, Osama Fekry Al Balah, Khaled A Hameed Mostafa, Dina Nabil Abas, Heba Hazaa Abd El Wahab

Amany Gomaa Atiaa, Osama Fekry Al Balah, Khaled A Hameed Mostafa, Dina Nabil Abas, Heba Hazaa Abd El Wahab – Efficacy of Ultrasound therapy versus conventional therapy on reducing multiple components of neuropathic pain in diabetic neuropathic patients – comparative study. Fizjoterapia Polska 2021; 21(2); 154-158

Abstract
Background. As diabetic neuropathic pain is associated with various forms of pain sensations. This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of adding Ultrasound therapy (US) versus conventional medication only on variety of pain sensation in diabetic neuropathic patients. Materials and Methods. Thirty patients with diabetic neuropathy were recruited from diabetic clinic at Zagazig University Hospital. The Patients were randomly divided into two equal groups: group A [received US therapy beside the traditional medication] and group B (control group that received traditional medication only). Visual analog scale (VAS) and Neuropathic pain scale (NPS) were used for pain assessments. All assessments were conducted pre-treatment and eight weeks post treatment. Result. there was a significant reduction of VAS score, NPSQ1, NPSQ2, NPSQ3, NPSQ4, NPSQ6, NPSQ9, NPSQ10 deep (p < 0.05) at post treatment in compared to pre-treatment for group A. While there was a significant reduction of NPSQ4 (p < 0.05) at post treatment in compared to pre-treatment for group B. Conclusion. US therapy is an effective therapeutic modality in decreasing various forms of pain in diabetic neuropathic patients.
Key words:
pain, diabetic neuropathy, ultrasound, neuropathic pain scale
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Pain among women with primary dysmenorrhea

Aneta Kościelny, Aneta Dąbek, Witold Rekowski

Aneta Kościelny, Aneta Dąbek, Witold Rekowski – Pain among women with primary dysmenorrhea. Fizjoterapia Polska 2021; 21(2); 84-92

Abstract
Objective. The objective of the study was to assess pain in a group of women with primary dysmenorrhea (PD) and to identify factors that may affect pain intensity. Material and methods. The study involved 336 women with PD symptoms, aged 18–35 years (mean age 23 ± 3.7). The study was conducted using an extensive online questionnaire. The research tools were: the authors’ questionnaire, the NRS numerical pain rating scale, the IPAQ International Physical Activity Questionnaire – short version and the PSS-10 scale of perceived stress. Results. Based on the conducted analysis, a high level of menstrual pain was observed in 64.6% of the women participating in the study. There was no significant correlation between the level of physical activity and pain (p = 0.280). The correlation between physical activity and the duration of menstruation was statistically significant (p = 0.05), as was the correlation between stress and pain (p = 0.05). BMI, pelvic position and body type did not correlate with menstrual pain (p > 0.05). Conclusions. 1. Most of the women participating in the study experienced high levels of pain in the lower abdomen in the first two days of menstruation. 2. Physical activity did not affect pain in the case of the women participating in the study, neither did: BMI, waist circumference, body type or pelvic position. 3. The high level of stress intensified pain in women with PD.
Key words:
pain, primary dysmenorrhea, physical activity
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Analgesic effect of static magnets – efficacy according to evidences

Piotr Tederko, Marek Krasuski

Piotr Tederko, Marek Krasuski – Analgesic effect of static magnets – efficacy according to evidences. Fizjoterapia Polska 2011; 11(4); 289-301

Abstract
Alternative and complimentary modes of treatment gain popularity and compete with evidence based therapies. Deve­lopment of alternative methods is enhanced by the demands of the market of medical devices designed for home treatment without need of a physician’s consultation. Application of devices with static magnets is advertised as a safe and effective pain therapy. The purpose of the paper is to analyze scientific evidence of efficacy and safety of static magnetic fields (SMF) applied as therapeutic modality for pain. Survey of peer-reviewed scientific publications resulted in identification of 45 papers including 40 primary publications and 5 meta-analyses. 4 original studies were excludes as uncontrolled trials or case studies. One paper was disqualified because of simultaneous application of alternating magnetic field. Among randomized controlled trials on clinical applications of SMF against pain 10 support hypothesis of analgesic effect of SMF, 9 neither confirm nor exclude therapeutic efficacy of SMF, and 16 give the evidence against SMF superiority over placebo. Frequent failure to blind the study, small sample sizes, short follow-up period limit evidence value of the analyzed results. Expectations resulting from frequent sponsorship of studies by manufacturers of SMF equipment appear to influence the objectivity of several conclusions. SMF of inductances within the range of those used in analyzed devices are not classifiable due to their potential risk of chronic exposure by inconclusive evidence. According to theoretical deliberations, pregnancy, infancy, pacemakers, ferromagnetic implants and application of electronic devices regulating life functions are considered contraindi­cations for the use of therapeutic devices emitting SMF. The current state of knowledge does not allow for unambiguous confirmation of SMF therapeutic efficacy. Devices for therapy with SMF should not be sold as analgesic modalities before evidence of efficacy and safety in each particular indication is confirmed.
Key words:
static magnets, medical devices, Pain, Analgesia
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