Systematics of physiotherapy

Janusz Orzech

Janusz Orzech – Systematics of physiotherapy. Fizjoterapia Polska 2002; 2(2); 164-168

Abstract
This article presents the newest systematics of physiotherapy that has been compiled and developed by the author. The previous systematics and divisions, including charts and schemes from the available scientific literature, have also been described and characterized, with the special approach to historical aspects of the so-called physical medicine, later termed physiotherapy. The innovative changes in the systematics as these in shape of new methods and techniques that have been incorporated seem indispensable and have been thoroughly explained by the author.

Key words:
systematics of physiotherapy, kinesitherapy, physical therapy, therapeutic massage

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The usefulness of physical stimuli in the symptomatic treatment of painful shoulder syndrome

Paweł Przekwas, Agnieszka Idychowska, Renata Skalska-Izdebska, Zbigniew Pawłowski

Paweł Przekwas, Agnieszka Idychowska, Renata Skalska-Izdebska, Zbigniew Pawłowski – The usefulness of physical stimuli in the symptomatic treatment of painful shoulder syndrome. Fizjoterapia Polska 2003; 3(1); 76-84

Abstract
The aim of the study is to consider the available evidence related to clinical effectiveness of several types of physical modalities used in the management of painful shoulder. A systematic critical review from basic science studies evaluating therapeutic effects includes the following treatments: superficial heat, cryotherapy, laser therapy, impulsivemagnetic field therapy, short wave diathermy, transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation (TENS), interferential current therapy, ultrasound therapy, iontopphoresis and phonophoresis. There seems to be evidence from basic science research to suggest that many of the therapies could have potentially therapeutic effects. It is important to note that these conclusions are limited by the methodological considerations of the included studies. However, in the managemet of the painful shoulder treating pain is often the basis of the treatment, it should be implemented with a broad range of physiotherapeutic techniques and manual therapy as well when appropriate.

Key words:
painful shoulder, physical therapy

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Neuromobilization in the treatment of post-traumatic lumbo-sacral pain: a case study

Janusz Boczar, Łukasz Wojtyczek

Janusz Boczar, Łukasz Wojtyczek – Neuromobilization in the treatment of post-traumatic lumbo-sacral pain: a case study. Fizjoterapia Polska 2003; 3(4); 384-386

Abstract

Background. The purpose of this article is to present the neuromobilization technique as a useful procedure in physical therapy. Material and methods. The paper presents a case study of a male patient who was treated at the Subcarpathian Hospital in Krosno, Poland. In addition to various kinds of PT procedures, the neuromobilization technique was implemented in treatment. Results. We noted improvement in range of movement and muscle strength, and decreased pain after treatment. The patient regained a very high functional status. Conclusions. Neuromobilization is a successful method when used to treat patients with neurobiomechanical problems, and should be implemented in regular physiotherapy.

Key words:
range of movement, muscle strength, physical therapy, fracture of the sacrum
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Medical massage in dysmenorrhoea

Krzysztof Kassolik , Waldemar Andrzejewski, Piotr Wojtoń, Klara Sadowska, Agnieszka Cichoszewska

Krzysztof Kassolik , Waldemar Andrzejewski, Piotr Wojtoń, Klara Sadowska, Agnieszka Cichoszewska – Medical massage in dysmenorrhoea. Fizjoterapia Polska 2006; 6(4); 339-343

Abstract
Background. From 40 to 60 % of women aged 20-40 are affected by dysmenorrhoea. Such patients are usually prescribed pain-relieving and spasmolytic drugs. Massage is a non-invasive therapeutic modality whose effects are believed to include reduction of muscle tone. Therefore, the authors attempted to determine the efficacy of medical massage in allevi-ating dysmenorrhoeic pain. Material and methods. The participants of the study were 48 students from the University School of Physical Education, aged 22-25. To evaluate efficacy of medical massage, the researchers elaborated questionnaires. The objectives of the questionnaire were to: 1) select those participants complaining of menstruation-associated pain, and 2) to determine the intensity of the pain at baseline and after a series of massages. A total of 26 women with dysmenorrhea were selected and subsequently subjected to medical massage. Four 10-minute medical massage sessions were performed over the lumbar, sacral and gluteal areas. At the end of each procedure a hot water bottle with 45 degrees Celsius water was applied to the massaged area in order to preserve the changes in blood distribution within the pelvis. Results. Medical massage applied a few days before menstruation reduced dysmenorrhoeic pain in 24 out of the 26 women. Pain was alleviated in 16 women and completely disappeared in a further 8 patients. In 2 patients, the intensity of pain remained the same after application of medical massage. Conclusions. The findings indicate that medical massage can be an easy-to-use adjunctive therapeutic modality for reducing pain in women with dysmenorrhea.

Key words:
massage, dysmenorrhoea, physical therapy

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Legal Aspects of the Informed Consent of the Patient During Physical Therapy in Ukraine

Liliia Orel, Valentyn Savchenko, Olga Baitaliuk, Nataliia Oblovatska

Liliia Orel, Valentyn Savchenko, Olga Baitaliuk, Nataliia Oblovatska – Legal Aspects of the Informed Consent of the Patient During Physical Therapy in Ukraine. Fizjoterapia Polska 2021; 21(2); 78-83

Abstract
The purpose of the study is to establish the legal features of the use of informed voluntary consent of the patient in providing him/her with physical therapy services in Ukraine. Materials and methods. The analysis of the normative-legal base of Ukraine with the use of methods of analysis, synthesis, comparative-legal method is carried out. Research findings. Currently Ukraine has developed and approved the form of primary accounting documentation “Informed voluntary consent of the patient for diagnosis, treatment and surgery and analgesia” and instructions for filling out this form. This form is completed by a patient who has applied to a health care facility and agrees to undergo diagnostic and treatment measures, and if necessary the patient agrees to surgery and analgesia. However, this form is not suitable for legal relations between a physical therapist and a patient. The main features of the application of this consent are determined and its model for use in the practice of physical therapists is developed. Conclusions. The principle of patient autonomy during physical therapy requires regulation of the patient’s right to provide him/her with full information about physical therapy, coordination and approval of the written form of voluntary informed consent of the patient to physical therapy.
Key words:
informed consent, patient, law, physical therapy
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Assessment of the effectiveness of local cryotherapy in treatment of gonarthrosis

Joanna Fidut-Wrońska, Robert Latosiewicz, Karolina Janikowska, Krzysztof Sokołowski

Joanna Fidut-Wrońska, Robert Latosiewicz, Karolina Janikowska, Krzysztof Sokołowski – Assessment of the effectiveness of local cryotherapy in treatment of gonarthrosis. Fizjoterapia Polska 2012; 12(3); 241-250

Abstract
The purpose of the study was to compare the effect of cryotherapy combined with other physical therapy methods. The study group consisted of 50 patients with gonarthrosis, treated by means of local cryotherapy and other physical therapy methods. The control group included 38 matched patients with gonarthrosis, treated with the same physical therapy methods, but without cryotherapy. Evaluation methods were based on the authors` tailored questionnaire, VAS scale and WOMAC questionnaire. The physical examination consisted of the measurements of body height and weight, the range of motion (ROM) in the knee joints and knee circumference and a series of functional tests. The results indicate that ROM of the knee joints increased by 11.3° in the study group and by 3.1° in the control group. The circumference was reduced by 1.1 cm in study group and by 0.4 cm in control group. The value of WOMAC index was diminished by 17.3% in the study group and by 11.9% in control group. After the treatment, the study group covered 8.7 stairs more during ascending and 9.2 more during descending whereas the control group covered 3.9 and 4.3 stairs respectively. Similarly, after the treatment patients from the study group did 5.5 squats more compared to 1.7 squats performed by the control group subjects. Cryotherapy combined with other physical therapy methods in treatment of gonarthrosis has better effects than application of physical therapy methods only, without cryotherapy.
Key words:
arthrosis, physical therapy, gonarthrosis, Cryotherapy
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Physiotherapy tacticsafter hip joint resurfacing

Karol Ochocki, Jarosław Pasek, Tomasz Stołtny, Maciej Szczęśniak, Szymon Szymański, Kamil Dworak, Wojciech Gąsior, Michał Czarnecki, Rafał Szczygieł, Bogdan Koczy

Karol Ochocki, Jarosław Pasek, Tomasz Stołtny, Maciej Szczęśniak, Szymon Szymański, Kamil Dworak, Wojciech Gąsior, Michał Czarnecki, Rafał Szczygieł, Bogdan Koczy – Physiotherapy tacticsafter hip joint resurfacing. Fizjoterapia Polska 2021; 21(1); 148-157

Abstract
Hip resurfacing arthroplasty (capoplasty) is a surgical procedure involving the replacement of diseased articular surfaces. Renal failure, female reproductive period, allergy to metal, acetabular diameter below 46 mm in preoperative planning are now absolute contraindications for capoplasty. The available literature shows that this procedure is performed in young, physically active people, usually under 55 years of age. The growing expectations of patients regarding the return to professional and sports activity mean that appropriate and systematic physiotherapy is important after the procedure. In the paper, the authors present the current position on the physiotherapeutic procedure after hip resurfacing arthroplasty.
Key words:
hip resurfacing, operation treatment, physiotherapy, physical movement, physical therapy
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Physical therapy in diseases of old age – from the perspective of holistic geriatric assessment of therapy

Alicja Rutkiewicz

A. Rutkiewicz – Physical therapy in diseases of old age – from the perspective of holistic geriatric assessment of therapy. Fizjoterapia Polska 2020; 20(2); 148-154

Abstract
Elderly people constitute the largest group of beneficiaries of physical therapy. It results from the higher incidence of chronic diseases in this age group, as well as the decline in functional performance, and thus increasing dependence on other people. Therefore, geriatric rehabilitation to a large extent bears the hallmarks of disability prevention. The problem of an elderly patient is usually very complex. This results from multiple morbidity, lower rehabilitation potential, lack of motivation, social and financial problems, etc. As a result, in the case of an elderly person, recovery of fitness similar to levels observed before illness is often not possible. Great emphasis in the management of an elderly patient should be placed on the prevention of hypokinesia and its effects. Due to the consequences of immobilization, patients should avoid staying in bed, and if this is not possible, try to reduce this time, quickly mobilize and verticalize themselves. The effects of immobilization may in many cases be more serious than the underlying disease. The purpose of this article is therefore to show the point of view of physical therapy in geriatrics.

Key words:
physical therapy, geriatrics, geriatric physical therapy, comprehensive geriatric assessment, aging

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下腰痛综合症患者治疗采用物理疗法及中枢稳定训练的疗效比较

Paweł Gąsior

P. Gąsior – Comparison of the effectiveness of physical treatments with central stabilization training in the treatment of patients with lower back pain syndrome. Fizjoterapia Polska 2019; 19(4); 80-91

摘要
简介。腰椎疼痛已成为社会性的问题,最常被提及的疼痛出现原因为以下各项:天生异常、退行性变化、炎症、癌症、受伤、超负荷疼痛、代谢紊乱、心理问题和社会问题等。腰痛治疗中最常使用运动疗法、物理治疗和药物治疗。
研究目的。下腰椎疼痛综合症患者治疗采用物理疗法及中枢稳定训练的疗效比较
材料和方法。该研究针对有下腰痛症状的40名患者进行(其中包括22名女性及18名男性),受试者被分为两组,A组接受一系列的物理治疗,B组进行中枢稳定训练,不包含物理治疗。治疗开始前及康复结束后,使用欧氏问卷调查表(ODI)及VAS量表评估疼痛程度及其对日常生活的影响。
研究结果。关于以VAS量表验证下腰疼痛主观评估的结果无显著差异,与治疗前的结果比较,两组在治疗后的疼痛感均显著降低(p < 0.01)。根据实验组的不同,ODI问卷调查证实在日常生活的舒适性上无显著差异(p < 0.05),两组治疗前后的结果比较有显著差异(p < 0.01)。尽管患者肯定此二种治疗对舒适度有所改善,然而皆无法更有效地改善日常生活的舒适度。
结论。中枢稳定练习在治疗下腰痛综合症所广泛采用的物理治疗中为有效的替代方法,或应有效地加以补充。自有研究明确显示出,物理治疗与中枢稳定练习概念比较下,并非更有效。

关键词:
中枢稳定、疼痛、腰椎区、物理治疗

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背神经根切断术 – 一种治疗脑瘫儿童痉挛状态的神经外科手术方法:目前的指示状况使

Monika Wolska, Marek Kiljański, Witold Rongies

M. Wolska, M. Kiljański, W. Rongies – Selective Dorsal Rhizotomy (SDR) – neurosurgical method in treatment of spasticity in CP: the current state of knowledge. Fizjoterapia Polska 2019; 19(2); 66-75

摘要
痉挛为脑瘫儿童的主要症状之一,对儿童的活动、日常生活中的参与有不利影响,也对其在社会中的功能有影响。慢性痉挛造成肌肉和结缔组织结构变化的发展,导致萎缩、僵硬,最后萎缩至无法接受药物治疗的程度。脑瘫儿童的生活舒适程度恶化及护理上的问题是促使我们寻求治疗痉挛的持久有效方法的主因。
为患者选择最佳治疗形式取决于以下要素:损伤的位置及其严重程度、临床症状、患者年龄及可用的治疗方法等。
背神经根切断术(SDR – 英文为Selective Dorsal Rhizotomy)为一种治疗儿童脑瘫痉挛状态的神经外科手术方法,治疗不可逆转,永久性地减少痉挛状态。关于手术资格、适应症和短期及长期效果等方面还存在许多争议。每年有越来越多的国际临床试验证实该治疗对患者功能状态改善具正面影响。研究目的在将治疗本身、资格标准、使用的研究工具和理疗治疗后报告等知识的收集和系统化,并指出手术治疗的效果。

关键词:
背神经根切断术、SDR、理疗、痉挛、脑麻痹

 

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