Bernadeta Piwowar-Kuczyńska, Monika Urbaniak, Michał Zabojszcz, Mateusz Curyło
Bernadeta Piwowar-Kuczyńska, Monika Urbaniak, Michał Zabojszcz, Mateusz Curyło – The impact of physical activity on the functional status of patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) – A literature review. Fizjoterapia Polska 2023; 23(4); 202-206
Introduction. Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is one of the most common rheumatoid diseases. In the course of this disease, the musculoskeletal system is mainly involved. The treatment process should take into an account the patient’s current general condition, disease progression and function.
Aim of the study. The purpose of this study was to attempt to assess the effect of physical activity on the functional status of patients with ankylosing spondylitis based on the available literature.
Material and methods. The available literature was analyzed based on English-language databases PubMed, ScienceDirect and others, using the Google Scholar search engine. Seventeen articles were analyzed out of 55 retrieved by the above method. Publications published up to 10/10/2023 were used as search criteria using the following keywords: ankylosing spondylitis, physical activity, physiotherapy.
Results. For the most part, physical activity performed by patients with AS appears to be effective in improving their function. Additional studies are needed to determine more clearly the effect of unguided exercise on this group of patients.
Conclusions. Contemporary studies indicate that patient-performed physical activity mostly appears to be effective in the treatment of ankylosing spondylitis. The results of studies on the effectiveness of the use of unguided exercise by patients are divergent. They indicate both high and low effectiveness depending on the study conducted. Further research in this area is needed to draw more firm conclusions.
ankylosing spondylitis, physical activity, physiotherapy
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Monika Gałczyk, Anna Zalewska, Aneta Mierzejewska
Monika Gałczyk, Anna Zalewska, Aneta Mierzejewska – Assessment of dyspnoea and physical activity levels among Poles living in Poland and the United Kingdom in the third year of the COVID-19 pandemic – a pilot study. Fizjoterapia Polska 2023; 23(4); 6-17
Objectives. The aim of this study was to assess the extent of dyspnoea and the relationship between dyspnoea and physical activity among Poles living in Poland and the United Kingdom (UK) in the third year of the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods. The pilot study was conducted in January 2023. The study authors received 200 questionnaires from respondents aged 18-69 years (104 from Poland and 96 from the UK). The level of dyspnoea was assessed using the Medical Research Council Dyspnoea Scale (MRC) questionnaire. Level of physical activity was measured using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). Results. In the majority of cases, dyspnoea occurred only during heavy physical exertion and increased with age and more cases of COVID-19. A trend towards increasing dyspnoea with decreasing MET scores for moderate physical activity was observed. Respondents’ country of residence was not correlated with dyspnoea level. Conclusions. The introduction of regular physical activity may have an impact on reducing dyspnoea. Dyspnoea is a factor that influences the reduction of physical activity and leads to a change to a sedentary lifestyle.
COVID-19, dyspnoea, physical activity
Mochamad Ridwan, Wawan S Suherman, Haryanto, Michael Achas, Honelyn Diaz, Dominador Lera, Bryan Bialen, Joeven Abalayan, Elvie Celestial, Joseph Lobo, Muhamad Guntur Gaos Sungkawa, Edi Setiawan
Mochamad Ridwan, Wawan S Suherman, Haryanto, Michael Achas, Honelyn Diaz, Dominador Lera, Bryan Bialen, Joeven Abalayan, Elvie Celestial, Joseph Lobo, Muhamad Guntur Gaos Sungkawa, Edi Setiawan – Blended learning versus online education: impact to elementary students’ engagement in physical activity and Body Mass Index. Fizjoterapia Polska 2023; 23(4); 176-181
Examining the impacts of blended and online learning settings on children’s fitness and body mass index in a sample of public elementary school pupils in the Philippines is the main objective of this study. A 16-week pre-test and post-test control group in a quasi-experimental approach. The experimental group received blended education, whereas the control group exclusively took classes online. The experimental and control groups consisted of 2 classes from an elementary school in Angeles and Mabalacat City. Anthropometrical characteristics were compared between groups using ANOVA. Pre-test and post-treatment body mass index percentiles and PA levels were compared using a paired t-test. First, there were no significant variance in the individuals’ anthropometrical characteristics between the two groups before intervention. Additionally, the blended learning group outperformed the online learning group on the post-test in terms of physical activity. After intervention, the mean BMI of the blended learning group decreased, but online students showed no improvement. Last but not least, when compared to the online learning group, the BMI percentile of the students in the blended learning group is within the usual range. The benefit of blended learning on the pupils’ physical composition was highlighted. Pupils’ levels of physical activity and body composition have improved as an outcome of the adjustment from traditional to online and blended learning settings. For the benefit of the students, it is advisable to make the most of a blended learning strategy and, if at all possible, return to the full face-to-face method.
blended learning, body mass index, online learning, physical activity, physical education
Muhammad Wahyu Arga, Siswantoyo, Yudanto, Widha Srianto, Susanto
Muhammad Wahyu Arga, Siswantoyo, Yudanto, Widha Srianto, Susanto – The effect of the CGFU-PM515 learning method on the motivation and physical activity of elementary school students. Fizjoterapia Polska 2023; 23(3); 166-172
Introduction. Increased student motivation correlates directly with active student behavior. Not only does motivation enhance students’ active participation, but it also fosters their physical development in physical education classes.
Purpose. This study aimed to examine the impact of the Coaching Game For Upgrading Performance Model 515 (CGFU-PM515) on students’ motivation during physical education lessons in elementary schools.
Methods. The research employed a Quasi-Experimental One Group Pretest-Posttest Design. Seventy-five elementary school students participated in this study. The research procedure involved having students undergo lessons both without and with the application of the CGFU-PM515 concept. After the lessons, students were given the CMEF Physical Education Basic Education questionnaire to assess their motivation levels before and after the introduction of the CGFU-PM515 concept.
Results. Findings indicate that students’ motivation improved following the integration of the CGFU-PM515 method. The N-Gain Score analysis revealed a value of 0.73, which is interpreted as high. Additionally, a Wilcoxon test was conducted. Results from this test showed a significant increase in motivation among the 75 participating students.
Conclusion. The study concludes that the CGFU-PM515 approach positively impacts student motivation in elementary school physical education lessons.
CGFU-PM515, motivation, physical activity, elementary school
Sabina Lizis, Michal Macej
Sabina Lizis, Michal Macej – Physical activity of urban and rural residents over 65 years of age. Fizjoterapia Polska 2023; 23(3); 6-10
Introduction. Physical activity has a significant impact on increasing independence and self-reliance, and thus improves the quality of life of the elderly. The aim of this study was to compare the physical activity of urban and rural residents over 65 years of age.
Material and metods. The study covered 135 people living in the urban environment (81 women; 54 men) and 19 rural residents (63 women and 56 men) in the Podkarpackie Voivodeship. Age of the subjects ranged from 65 to 74 years. Research tools constituted the IPAQ. The Mann-Whitney U test was used to analyze the results.
Results. Physical activity related to cycling (p < 0.001), vigorous physical activities in the garden or yard (p = 0.031), recreation in leisure-time, consisting of walking and moderate activity (p < 0.001) were statistically significantly lower in people from the urban environment.
Conclusions. There is a need for promote physical activity and take care of seniors, especially from the urban environment, as well as to create educational programs regarding the possibilities and ways of undertaking physical activity in order to maintain the process of successful aging at an optimal level.
urban environment, rural environment, physical activity, seniors
Sumarjo, Sumaryanti, Rizki Mulyawan, Sigit Nugroho, Rini Syafriani, Sulistiyono, Roxana Dev Omar Dev, Dennis Dwi Kurniawan
Sumarjo, Sumaryanti, Rizki Mulyawan, Sigit Nugroho, Rini Syafriani, Sulistiyono, Roxana Dev Omar Dev, Dennis Dwi Kurniawan – Short-term effects of milk (both unpasteurized and pasteurized) on active adolescence hemoglobin. Fizjoterapia Polska 2023; 23(2); 12-18
Milk consumption is one of the beverages options for the recovery phase. On the basis of the manufacturing procedure, raw and pasteurized cow’s milk are distinguished, but no one has investigated the effect of milk consumption on the hemoglobin levels of active people; some studies only analyze the effect of milk consumption on fitness and recovery advantages. Objective: The aim of this study is to compare the hemoglobin levels of active adolescents who consumed fresh cow’s milk versus pasteurized milk for three consecutive weeks. It is intended that the three-week treatment will have a good effect on hemoglobin levels, hence enhancing physical performance. Methods: Using a quasi-experimental study with a Pretest-Posttest Randomized-Groups Design for three consecutive weeks of milk feeding twice daily per group. Twenty-four university football players were divided into three groups using the approach of purposive sampling: the fresh cow’s milk (SSS) group, the pasteurized milk (SP) group, and the mineral water control group (K). The tool utilized to measure body composition is the Karada Scan Body Fat Omron HBF-356, while the Easy Touch GCHb is used to collect data on hemoglobin. Subjects participated voluntarily and were willing to have blood tested through capillaries before, immediately after, and 30 minutes after exercise. The analysis data uses paired t-test and ANOVA calculations to find differences within and between groups. Results: Hemoglobin immediately after exercise (0) in the post-test (three weeks after treatment) increased significantly (0.020 < 0.05) compared to hemoglobin before exercise (-) in the pre-test (before three weeks of intervention) in all three groups (fresh milk, pasteurized milk, and mineral water). Upon further examination, it was determined that there was a highly significant difference in hemoglobin levels (0.010 < 0.05) between fresh cow’s milk and pasteurized milk immediately after exercise (0) in the post-test (after three weeks of treatment). In contrast, there were no significant differences (p-value > 0.05) for the remaining calculations, both within and between subgroups.Conclusions: After three consecutive weeks of milk consumption, there was no significant variation in the amount of hemoglobin in the blood. To optimize the different elements that can affect the acceleration of the increase in hemoglobin in the blood, it is recommended that further study be conducted to intervene with milk and additional meal intake alongside physical activity.
fresh cow milk, pasteurization milk, physical activity, hemoglobin, active people
Marta Gołdyn-Pastuszka, Marzena Dorosz, Anna Szczegielniak, Katarzyna Bogacz, Jacek Łuniewski, Jan Szczegielniak
Marta Gołdyn-Pastuszka, Marzena Dorosz, Anna Szczegielniak, Katarzyna Bogacz, Jacek Łuniewski, Jan Szczegielniak – Assessment of the body posture of junior high school students in the context of their physical activity. Fizjoterapia Polska 2023; 23(1); 112-125
Introduction. Posture defects constitute a social problem and can cause negative changes in many aspects of our lives – in both physical and mental health. Prophylaxis and an appropriate degree of physical activity, which affects harmonious development, are very important here. Objective. The objective of the study was to assess the body posture of junior high school students and to determine the degree of their physical activity, and then to check whether there is a correlation between them. The study group consisted of 53 people from a junior high school in Wrocław, aged 14 to 17. Material and methods. To assess physical activity, the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) was used, which contains 7 questions regarding activity in the last 7 days. Body posture in the sagittal plane was examined using photogrammetry, and typology classification was based on Wolański’s method modified according to Zeyland-Malawka. Results. The results of the study were subjected to a statistical analysis, which shows that the studied group of adolescents is mostly characterized by a kyphotic type of body posture, while the least common is the balanced type. The level of physical activity of the study group can be described as sufficient, but it is worth noting that only 6% of the respondents are characterized by an insufficient level of physical activity, and only 7.5% are characterized by a high level of physical activity. Conclusions. In further analyses, it was examined whether there is a correlation between body posture and physical activity. It was found that there are no statistically significant differences between these two features in the study group.
posture defects, body posture, physical activity, junior high school students
Mochamad Ridwan, Anindya Mar’atus Sholikhah, Arifah Kaharina, Himawan Putranta
Mochamad Ridwan, Anindya Mar’atus Sholikhah, Arifah Kaharina, Himawan Putranta – Do Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA) and levels of physical activity help to maintain fitness status? Study on futsal women’s. Fizjoterapia Polska 2022; 22(4); 38-43
Introduction. The level of fitness is fundamental in the athlete’s success in achieving optimum performance. Aim. This paper aims to know the rate of recommended dietary allowances (RDA) and the physical activity to stay fit. Material and Methods. Analytical observational analysis with the cross-sectional design was the approach used in this study. Participants in this study is women’s futsal player of 16 subjects was selected for measures of physical health, macronutrient consumption, nutritional status, nutritional awareness, and level of physical activity. Fitness levels were assessed using a Multi-stage Fitness Test (MFT), and nutritional knowledge and physical activity with the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). Analysis of data is carried out in univariate, bivariate, and multivariate form using statistical software. Results. The findings of this analysis are that energy consumption, carbohydrates, and proteins are all under the RDA for most female futsal athletes. Nutritional status is not a significant relation with the degree of fitness. Better dietary awareness may enable us to pay more attention to safer and more healthy eating behavior. The conclusion is that the average intake of calories, carbohydrates, and proteins in most female futsal athletes is still well below the RDA. Nutritional status has no significant relationship with fitness level. Good nutritional knowledge will encourage a person to pay more attention to his eating behavior to be healthier and more balanced. Conclusions. The conclusion is that the average intake of energy, carbohydrates, and protein in most female futsal athletes is still far below the recommended Nutritional Adequacy Rate (RDA).
futsal, physical activity, physical fitness, recommended dietary allowances
Yudik Prasetyo, Sumaryanto, Ahmad Nasrulloh, Krisnanda Dwi Apriyanto, Rizki Mulyawan, Susanto, Gunathevan, Frederick
Yudik Prasetyo, Sumaryanto, Ahmad Nasrulloh, Krisnanda Dwi Apriyanto, Rizki Mulyawan, Susanto, Gunathevan, Frederick – Correlation among quality of life and physical activity toward body age, hydration and fat percentage. Fizjoterapia Polska 2022; 22(2); 168-173
Introduction. Having good healthy habits and making physical activity a lifestyle is everyone’s dream. Along with improving the quality of life and physical activity, it is expected to affect a person’s body age, hydration level, and fat percentage. Methods. This research is an analytic observational study conducted with a cross sectional approach. Observational analytical research is done by observing, without any action from the researcher. The research subjects were 35 students. Students with cardiovascular and respiratory disorders, who were on an exercise program, and had a history of fractures in the past 3 months or deformities of the arms, were excluded from this study. Students who were 18-21 years old, had a BMI below 30, and did not smoke or drink alcohol were involved in this study. Results. Significant correlation with p-value<0.01 in causality relationship between body age and hydration with Pearson value −0.751, body age and fat percentage 0.773, and Pearson value hydration and fat percentage −0.990. In addition, a significant correlation between quality of life and hydration has a Pearson value of −0.338. Quality of life and physical activity are not related and have a p-value of 0.39. Conclusion. The relationship between body age and hydration, and hydration with fat percentage has a very significant positive relationship. However, quality of life has no correlation with physical activity.
quality of life, physical activity, body mass
Shyamrani.Y, B.Sathya Prabha
Shyamrani.Y, B.Sathya Prabha – The relationship of anthropometric measurement, physical activity, psychosocial aspects and endometriosis. Fizjoterapia Polska 2022; 22(2); 50-53
Aim. To find out the association between the anthropometric measurement, the physical activity, psychosocial level and endometriosis. Materials and Methods. Thirty women diagnosed as endometriosis and 30 age matched non endometriosis women were recruited. Anthropometric measurement – Body Mass Index (BMI) and Waist hip ratio (WHR) was measured. International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) and Beck Depression Inventory scale (BDI) were used to measure the physical activity level and the psychosocial level respectively. Results. There was a significant difference in BMI between the groups. The odds ratio and relative risk analysis of endometriosis showed that there is an association between increased BMI, WHR, BDI and the risk of endometriosis (p < 0.05). Conclusion. Increased Body mass index, Waist Hip Ratio and Beck depression score (BMI > 30, WHR > 0.85 and BDI > 16) are associated with increased risk of endometriosis.
endometriosis, body mass index, physical activity, waist hip ratio, depression