Pavol Nechvátal, Lucia Demjanovič Kendrová, Tomáš Uher, Michal Macej, Gabriela Škrečková
Pavol Nechvátal, Lucia Demjanovič Kendrová, Tomáš Uher, Michal Macej, Gabriela Škrečková – Monitoring of functional ability, mobility and quality of life in seniors during the COVID-19 pandemic. Fizjoterapia Polska 2023; 23(2); 92-95
Aim. The aim of the work is to map the functional fitness, level of mobility and quality of life of seniors at the time of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Methods. The study group consisted of 130 seniors from the Prešov Region, with an average age of 74.1 (max. 94, min. 65) years and an average Body Mass Index (BMI) of 27.13 (max. 41.09, min 16.00). There were 54 men (41.5%), with an average age of 74.3 years and an average BMI of 26.78, women with an average age of 74.0 years and an average BMI of 27.37. In all seniors we assessed physical fitness by Senior Fitness Test, level of mobility by the Up & go test and quality of life and mental health by the WHOQOL-BREF test during the lockdown in COVID-19 pandemic.
Results. Seniors living in rural areas (t = -2,341; p = 0.020) and living alone (t = -2.05; p = 0.042) had slightly higher rate of mild obesity (according to BMI). Seniors living alone had a lower quality of life compared with seniors living partner or family member (t = 3.728; p < 0.001). Finally, seniors living in rurar areas had worse physical (t = 3.113; p = 0.002) and mental health status (t = 2.601; p = 0.010). Women had slightly worse mental health status than men (t = 2.308; p = 0.022).
Conclusions. Restrictions on movement due to the COVID-19 pandemic put seniors who live alone, at risk, especially women. Men show higher resistance to these measures, mostly in physical and psychological health area.
COVID-19, movement activity, physical fitness, quality of life, seniors
Aayushi Palor, D. Anandhi
Aayushi Palor, D. Anandhi – Effects of suryanamaskar on peak expiratory flow rate and quality of life in patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). Fizjoterapia Polska 2023; 23(1); 80-86
Background. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a common, preventable, and treatable disease characterized by persistent respiratory symptoms and airflow limitation that is due to airway and/or alveolar abnormalities usually caused by significant exposure to noxious particles or gases. Surya Namaskar is an ancient yogic method to worship the sun. This specific postural and breathing protocols were developed in Indian Subcontinent in the 17th century by Saint Samarth Ramdass. Aim. To find out the effects of Suryanamaskar on peak expiratory flow rate and quality of life in patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). Methods. Experimental design, pre and post type. 14 COPD patients, aged 35–50 years, both men and women, grade I and II in GOLD classification was randomly allotted into two groups. The patients had to clear the flexibility tests – Sit and reach test and back scratch test. For the Experimental group (n = 7), Suryanamaskar, with conventional chest physiotherapy intervention, was given for 5 days per week for 6 weeks. For the control group (n = 7), conventional chest physiotherapy intervention was given for the same duration. Outcome measures: Peak expiratory flow rate (l/min), SF–36 questionnaire. Results: The study showed that the peak expiratory flow rate and SF–36 questionnaire showed non-significant result for both the groups as p > 0.05, though there was a clinically significant improvement. Conclusion: This study concluded that there is no statistically significant improvement in PEFR and QOL in COPD patients who performed Suryanamaskar along with chest physiotherapy.
COPD, Peak expiratory flow rate, QOL, SF–36, Suryanamaskar
Daniela Kajda, Jan Szczegielniak, Marzena Dorosz, Marta Gołdyn-Pastuszka, Jacek Łuniewski, Katarzyna Bogacz
Daniela Kajda, Jan Szczegielniak, Marzena Dorosz, Marta Gołdyn-Pastuszka, Jacek Łuniewski, Katarzyna Bogacz – Impact of the pandemic on the quality of life in the Polish and German population. Fizjoterapia Polska 2022; 22(5); 140-153
Introduction. Quality of life during the pandemic has taken on a completely different dimension. As a result of the restrictions, it was necessary to reorganize life in every sphere. This could lead to a number of negative consequences, including the deterioration of physical and mental health, as well as disturbances in the ability to establish proper social relationships.
Objective. The objective of the study was to assess the impact of the pandemic on the quality of life in the Polish and German population.
Material and methods. The study was conducted on a group of 200 people, of which 100 people are respondents living in Poland, while the remaining 100 live in Germany. The research tool used in this study was a questionnaire. The questionnaire was created in two language versions: Polish and German. The obtained results are presented in the form of pie charts and bar graphs. Pie charts present the results in percentages, obtained in individual questions included in the questionnaire.
Results and discussion. The results indicate a change in the frequency of undertaking physical activity. The number of respondents undertaking physical activity has significantly decreased, while the respondents who do not undertake physical activity during the pandemic constitute almost half of the respondents from Poland. The situation in Germany is completely different, as the number of people undertaking and not undertaking physical activity has not changed significantly. As a result of the pandemic caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, almost half of the respondents from Poland began to feel a little fatigued while performing everyday activities, while the level of fatigue of the German respondents did not change significantly and oscillates around the same limits as before the pandemic. The quality of sleep in Polish respondents definitely decreased from good to moderate as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, while in German respondents there is no significant decrease in sleep quality.
Conclusions. 1. The COVID-19 pandemic had a negative impact on the mental health of the Polish population to a large extent, while the negative impact of the SARS-CoV-2 virus pandemic on the German population is observed to a much lesser extent.
2. The pandemic situation contributed to a significant deterioration in the quality of life in the case of the Polish population, while in the case of the German population, no significant deterioration in the overall quality of life caused by the COVID-19 pandemic was documented.
3. The COVID-19 pandemic caused a significant decrease in the level of physical fitness and the frequency of undertaking physical activity in the Polish population, while in the case of the German population, the level of physical fitness slightly deteriorated, but no significant decrease in the frequency of undertaking physical activity was observed during the pandemic caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus.
4. Among the Polish population, the general well-being has clearly deteriorated, however, in the case of the German population, there is no significant decrease in well-being caused by the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.
pandemic, quaility of life, Polish population, German population
D. Anandhi, M. Tamilalagan
D. Anandhi, M. Tamilalagan – Effects of Buteyko therapy on dipping of peak expiratory flow rate and quality of life in asthmatic patients among adult and elderly population. Fizjoterapia Polska 2022; 22(5); 70-75
Background. Asthma is a chronic inflammatory illness of the airways characterised by airway obstruction and bronchial hyper-responsiveness that is at least partly reversible. Serial peak expiratory flow measurements are frequently used in the clinical management of asthma to improve diagnose, estimate severity, and screen for provocative variables. When compared to mild persistent asthma, moderate to severe asthma has a lower QOL. Objective. The study’s aim is to determine the impact of Buteyko treatment on asthmatic patients’ peak expiratory flow rate (Expiratory flow rate) and quality of life. Study design. Pre and post type experimental design. Procedure. Twenty-two mild to moderate asthmatic patients, both men and women, aged 25–60 years, were randomly selected and given a peak expiratory flow metre to measure peak expiratory flow rate in the morning and evening at the same time every day. Basic chest physiotherapy was taught to all of the patients. PEFR decreased in 15 of 22 patients throughout the research period, and Buteyko treatment was administered twice daily for 6 weeks. Outcome measures. Peak Expiratory Flow Rate and Questionnaire on Shortness of Breath. Results. With Buteyko therapy, asthmatic patients’ PEFR and Shortness of Breath questionnaires improved statistically significantly (p < 0.05). Conclusion. The study found that Buteyko treatment had a substantial impact on peak expiratory flow rate lowering and asthmatic patients’ quality of life.
dipping, buteyko therapy, quality of life, bronchial asthma, peak expiratory flow rate, shortness of breath questionnaire
Marzena Dorosz, Katarzyna Bogacz, Marta Gołdyn-Pastuszka, Marcin Krajczy, Anna Szczegielniak, Jacek Łuniewski, Jan Szczegielniak
Marzena Dorosz, Katarzyna Bogacz, Marta Gołdyn-Pastuszka, Marcin Krajczy, Anna Szczegielniak, Jacek Łuniewski, Jan Szczegielniak – The impact of body composition disorders on the quality of life of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Fizjoterapia Polska 2022; 22(5); 56-69
Introduction. COPD is a chronic inflammatory disease that constitutes a significant public health problem. It is characterized by not fully reversible, progressive limitation of airflow through the airways. In addition to the harmful pulmonary effects, COPD manifests itself with complications in other body systems, including body composition disorders, which adversely affects patients’ quality of life and prognosis. The objective of this study was to assess the quality of life of patients with COPD and to assess the factors that will affect its deterioration.
Material and methods. The study included 37 patients of the University Hospital at the Jagiellonian University Medical College in Kraków at 8 Skawińska Street, who were diagnosed with COPD according to the GOLD guidelines. In the study group, a personal questionnaire was conducted, anthropometric data was collected, i.e. the Quetelet index was calculated, thigh circumference and skin folds were measured, and the subjective assessment of the quality of life was examined using the SGRQ-C questionnaire and the CAT Test.
Results. Based on the analysis of the collected materials, it was shown that the average assessment of the quality of life in the study population was at a low level of 61.8 points on the SGRQ-C scale. There was a large variation in the assessment of HRQoL depending on the stage of the disease. The best result, amounting to 23.0 points, was achieved by patients in stage 1, and the worst – 81.6 points. – patients in stage 4 according to GOLD guidelines. Among the main determinants of the quality of life in the study group, in addition to the degree of airway obstruction, there were: high intensity of clinical symptoms, such as cough, shortness of breath or expectoration of secretions, low body weight and the number of comorbidities. Conclusions. It has been shown that the loss of fat-free body mass and systemic complications are factors that significantly reduce the quality of life, and patients with fewer comorbidities and with increased BMI score better on the SGRQ-C scale. It has been proven that the progression of the disease contributes to the exclusion of patients from active social life and causes many mental problems. It was established that patients with COPD should be covered by multidisciplinary care and a special training program in order to prevent or delay the onset of systemic complications, which significantly worsen the patients’ quality of life
COPD, body composition, quality of life
Mabel Manoj Mathew, Suresh J.
Mabel Manoj Mathew, Suresh J. – Impairement of functional ability in patients with Parkinson’s disease, a qualitative study. Fizjoterapia Polska 2022; 22(5); 48-54
Background. Population studies on the incidence of Parkinson’s are important to scientists’ understanding of the history of the disease, its progression, and the risk factors associated with it. Information about the incidence in different age groups and genders can help healthcare experts design strategies to meet patients’ needs. Objective. To understand the subjective functional Impairment in patients with Parkinson’s disease. Methodology. It is a qualitative study with a sample size of 10, including Parkinson’s disease patients between the age group of 40 to 70 years. The interviews of the patients were conducted either through phone calls or zoom calls depending on their convenience. Results. The most mentioned complaints by the patients included in the study are, tremor, masked face, a fixed expression, difficulty in talking, slowness of movement, unsteadiness while walking, fear of fall, short-stepped gait, forward bent or stooped posture, and freezing episodes. Patients require only minimal assistance from caregivers or family members to do their daily activities (n = 4) and are majorly dependent on others for their day-to-day requirements (n = 3), completely dependent, and bedridden (n = 1). Conclusion: According to the data collected from the patients, it can be concluded that patients with Parkinson’s disease develop difficulties in their functional activities and end up with activity limitations as the disease progresses and the symptoms worsen.
Parkinson’s disease, quality of life, motor symptoms, activity limitations, functional ability
Yudik Prasetyo, Sumaryanto, Ahmad Nasrulloh, Krisnanda Dwi Apriyanto, Rizki Mulyawan, Susanto, Gunathevan, Frederick
Yudik Prasetyo, Sumaryanto, Ahmad Nasrulloh, Krisnanda Dwi Apriyanto, Rizki Mulyawan, Susanto, Gunathevan, Frederick – Correlation among quality of life and physical activity toward body age, hydration and fat percentage. Fizjoterapia Polska 2022; 22(2); 168-173
Introduction. Having good healthy habits and making physical activity a lifestyle is everyone’s dream. Along with improving the quality of life and physical activity, it is expected to affect a person’s body age, hydration level, and fat percentage. Methods. This research is an analytic observational study conducted with a cross sectional approach. Observational analytical research is done by observing, without any action from the researcher. The research subjects were 35 students. Students with cardiovascular and respiratory disorders, who were on an exercise program, and had a history of fractures in the past 3 months or deformities of the arms, were excluded from this study. Students who were 18-21 years old, had a BMI below 30, and did not smoke or drink alcohol were involved in this study. Results. Significant correlation with p-value<0.01 in causality relationship between body age and hydration with Pearson value −0.751, body age and fat percentage 0.773, and Pearson value hydration and fat percentage −0.990. In addition, a significant correlation between quality of life and hydration has a Pearson value of −0.338. Quality of life and physical activity are not related and have a p-value of 0.39. Conclusion. The relationship between body age and hydration, and hydration with fat percentage has a very significant positive relationship. However, quality of life has no correlation with physical activity.
quality of life, physical activity, body mass
Tomasz Urbański, Mateusz Curyło, Karina Rożek, Dariusz Lusina, Katarzyna Placek, Jan W. Raczkowski
Tomasz Urbański, Mateusz Curyło, Karina Rożek, Dariusz Lusina, Katarzyna Placek, Jan W. Raczkowski – Life quality of patients with idiopathic scoliosis treated with Chenêau Brace. Fizjoterapia Polska 2022; 22(2); 136-143
Objective. The main objective of this study was to determine the effect of wearing a Chêneau brace on the quality of life of patients with idiopathic scoliosis.
Methodology. The study used a short questionnaire that consisted of 12 questions – 4 questions about demographics and 8 questions about quality of life. The investigated aspects of life included difficulty in performing daily activities, feelings of embarrassment, sleep discomfort, irritability, and patients’ perceived benefits of this treatment procedure. Questionnaires were filled during follow-up visits. The study was conducted on a group of 30 patients aged 9–16 years treated for at least 6 months. Among the respondents there were 22 females and 8 males.
Results. Despite the small study group, the results of the statistical analysis confirmed the hypothesis that the brace significantly affects the quality of life of patients and has a greater impact on the quality of life of the female gender due to the disruption of aesthetics and the associated sense of shame. An association was observed between the sense of shame related to wearing a brace and the desire to “hide” the brace under clothing, as well as the perception of the benefits of wearing a brace and a lower sense of shame.
Conclusion. In the processes of rehabilitation and treatment of the patient with idiopathic scoliosis, a holistic approach that considers not only activities related directly to physiology, but also to patients’ well-being and quality of life is important.
idiopathic scoliosis, Chêneau brace, quality of life
Mai Abdel-Ghani E., Nagwa Mohamed B., Shaimaa Aboeldahab A., Fatma Aboelmagd M.
Mai Abdel-Ghani E., Nagwa Mohamed B., Shaimaa Aboeldahab A., Fatma Aboelmagd M. – Potential effect of aerobika oscillating positive expiratory pressure training on arterial blood gases, functional capacity and quality of life in patients with bronchiectasis. Fizjoterapia Polska 2021; 21(5); 212-218
Background. In patients with bronchiectasis, the elastic and muscular tissue is lost, obstructing the normal drainage of bronchial secretions, which can become chronically compromised, resulting in mild to moderate airway obstruction, which affects blood oxygenation and, as a consequence, the patients’ quality of life. Purpose: The aim of the study was to evaluate the potential effect of Aerobika oscillating positive expiratory pressure training on arterial blood gases, functional capacity, and quality of life in patients with bronchiectasis. Materials and Methods. The study recruited the participation of sixty bronchiectasis patients of both genders (24 males and 36 females). They were divided into two major categories, each with 30 patients: study and control. Both groups continued to take their medications during the study period, and the study group received twice-daily training with the Aerobika positive expiratory pressure device. Before and after the study, both groups had their arterial PaO2 and PaCO2 measured, as well as their quality-of-life questionnaire (STGRQ) score and functional capacity (6MWT and percent predicted 6-MWD). Results. The study group at the end of the study showed improvement (P < 0.05) in arterial PaO2 and PaCO2, as well as their quality-of-life questionnaire (STGRQ) score and functional capacity (6MWT and percent predicted 6-MWD with no change in the control group (P > 0.05). The mean value of 6MWT showed a strong positive correlation with PaO2 (r = 0.86, P = 0.001) and at the same time showed a strong negative correlation with the SGRQ score (r = −0.64, P = 0.001). Conclusions. Aerobika positive expiratory pressure therapy provided an appropriate physiotherapy procedure for patients with bronchiectasis; it maximizes airflow, improves expiratory time and alveolar ventilation, and promotes gas exchange; overall, Aerobika demonstrated great efficacy in draining sputum and improving oxygenation.
bronchiectasis, aerobika pep device, blood gases, functional capacity, quality of life
Mai Abd El Naby Mohamed, Zeinab Mohamed Helmy, Bassant Hamdy Elrefaey, Iman Hassan Abdusalam, Abd Elghany M. Abd Elghany
Mai Abd El Naby Mohamed, Zeinab Mohamed Helmy, Bassant Hamdy Elrefaey, Iman Hassan Abdusalam, Abd Elghany M. Abd Elghany – Long term effect of physical therapy program in refractory anginal patients: A randomized controlled trial. Fizjoterapia Polska 2021; 21(5); 190-194
Background. Despite number of effective pharmacological treatments and the success of interventional cardiology, many patients still experience resistive symptoms, or what is called Refractory Angina (RA), that markedly impairs quality of life (QoL). Aim. to investigate the effect of exercise training (ET) program in addition to TENS on endothelial function, QoL and physical work capacity (PWC) in patients with RA. Methods. forty male patients, suffering from chronic RA were randomly assigned into two equal groups. Group (A) received conventional TENS program in addition to ET program for five months, while group (B) subjected to only TENS for five months. Assessment was performed before treatment (pre), after 8 weeks (post I), after treatment (post II), and after more 4 weeks for both groups (post III). Outcome assessment included: endothelial function using flow-mediated dilation (FMD), QoL using The Seattle Angina Questionnaire (SAQ) and PWC using the 6-minute walk test (6MWT). Results. there was a significant improvement of the FMD in group (A) with no significant difference in group (B). Comparing between both groups showed that SAQ scores and 6MWT improved significantly in both groups with greater improvements in group (A) than group (B). Conclusion. The addition of ET program to TENS resulted in more improvement in endothelial function, PWC, and QoL in patients with RA.
refractory angina, exercise training, TENS, endothelial function, quality of life