An evaluation of the rehabilitation for patients recovering from knee joint trauma surgically treated by internal osteosynthesis
Paweł Ryngier, Edward Saulicz, Rafał Gnat, Tomasz Wolny
Paweł Ryngier, Edward Saulicz, Rafał Gnat, Tomasz Wolny – An evaluation of the rehabilitation for patients recovering from knee joint trauma surgically treated by internal osteosynthesis. Fizjoterapia Polska 2001; 1(4); 369-375
Background. When the knee joint is immobilized, the sliding of joint surfaces is quickly reduced, primarily as a result of the periartricular contraction of the soft tissues (especially the articular capsule). This kind of mechanical imbalance between gliding and rolling is additionally strengthened by the disturbance of muscle equilibrium, both between different muscle groups (the femoral quadriceps and the ischio-crural muscles) and within the thigh muscle itself (between the vastus medialis and the rectus femoris). In the latter case, this status may also lead to the physiological route of knee-cap slide. In view of the complex arthromechanics of the knee joint and the proper distribution of muscle strength for its functioning, the purpose of our research was to study the impact of selected techniques of manual therapy and some of the motion patterns of the PNF method on improving the activity of the knee joint patients with injuries in the vicinity of this joint surgically treated by internal osteosynthesis. Material and methods. The study involved two groups of 17 people who were treated surgically for injuries to the vicinity of the knee joint. After a period of immobility the active mobility of this joint was assessed in all patients, along with the strength of the muscles functionally connected with the knee joint and subjective pain complaints. The studied patients from both groups underwent routine rehabilitation. Selected traction and mobilization techniques for the knee joint were additionally introduced for the patients from the main group, with exercises based on the notion of post-isometric relaxation and some motion patterns taken from PNF models. Results. The statistical analysis of the quantitative data we acquired pointed to a larger range of improvement in the mobility of the knee joint, associated with a somewhat larger simultaneous increase in the strength of the evaluated muscle groups among the patients from the main group.
Immobilization, kinesitherapy, manual therapy
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