Influence of classical massage on pain and functional state of people with lumbar discopathy

Ewa Puszczałowska-Lizis, Paweł Rychter, Sławomir Jandziś, Patryk Zygmunt

Ewa Puszczałowska-Lizis, Paweł Rychter, Sławomir Jandziś, Patryk Zygmunt – Influence of classical massage on pain and functional state of people with lumbar discopathy. Fizjoterapia Polska 2021; 21(3); 8-18

Abstract
Introduction. Pain in the lumbar spine is a medical and social problem in highly developed countries. In Europe, about 25-43% of people suffer from them. Approximately 25-60% of patients suffer from chronic, progressive ailments, which lead to both incapacity for work and limitation of activities of daily living. The aim of the study was to assess the impact of classic massage on pain and functional state of people with lumbar discopathy.
Material and methods. The study included 61 people aged 45–50, attending therapy at the Independent Public Health Care Facility in Leżajsk due to pain in the lumbar spine. Patients were classified into 2 groups, depending on the applied rehabilitation program. The research tool was the NRS scale and questionnaires: ODI i RMDQ. The Chi-square test, Mann-Whitney U test, Wilcoxon test, Pearson linear correlation and Spearman rank correlation were used for analyses.
Results. After treatment statistically significant reduction of pain and improvement of functional efficiency were noted in both groups. A statistically significant positive relationship was found between the amount of improvement in functional capacity assessed by the ODI questionnaire and the age of patients (R = 0.43; p = 0.026).
Conclusions. Classical massage has an effect on relieving pain and improving functional performance in people with lumbar discopathy. There are relationships between functional performance and age in people with lumbar discopathy. The improvement in functional performance is smaller with age. Body build is not a factor affecting the severity of pain and functional performance of people with lumbar discopathy.
Key words:
lumbar spine, pain, functional efficiency
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