Changes in mobility of the lumbar spine under the influence of a series of low-frequency magnetotherapy procedures – randomized single-blind study

Katarzyna Juścińska, Wojciech Garczyński, Ignacy Kłonowski, Tomasz Kowalik, Magdalena Gębska

Katarzyna Juścińska, Wojciech Garczyński, Ignacy Kłonowski, Tomasz Kowalik, Magdalena Gębska – Changes in mobility of the lumbar spine under the influence of a series of low-frequency magnetotherapy procedures – randomized single-blind study. Fizjoterapia Polska 2018; 18(3); 64-77

 

Abstract
Introduction. In the literature, we find many works emphasizing the great role of physical therapy in treatment of spinal disorders. Low-frequency magnetic field therapy is mainly used as one of many elements of complex rehabilitation.
Aim of the study. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of a series of low-frequency magnetotherapy procedures on the limitation of mobility of the lumbar spine, as well as to determine whether the value of BMI and the age of patients affect the obtained result of the mobility range.
Material and methods. 40 people aged 30 to 71 were examined. The mobility was measured on the first and last day of the therapy using a modified fingertip-to-floor test. It was a randomized, single-blind study. Low-frequency magnetotherapy was applied in group A and simulation of the procedure in group B. Statistical analysis was conducted in the Statistica 12 programme.
Results. Differences in results obtained before and after the series of procedures in particular groups of patients were statistically insignificant (p=NS).
Conclusion. Low-frequency magnetotherapy does not affect the mobility range of the lumbar spine. The value of the body mass index has a slight influence on the range of movements, and also there is no relation between the age of the participants in the study and the range of mobility of a given section of the spine.

Key words:
magnetotherapy, magnetic field, lumbar spine, mobility limitation

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