Assessment of differences in body fat of the persons playing handball in grades 1, 2 and 3 of junior secondary school, depending on the level of training and physical fitness

Marek Woszczak, Katarzyna Bogacz, Katarzyna Syrewicz, Marcin Szczepanik, Jan Szczegielniak

M. Woszczak, K. Bogacz, K. Syrewicz, M. Szczepanik, J. Szczegielniak – Assessment of differences in body fat of the persons playing handball in grades 1, 2 and 3 of junior secondary school, depending on the level of training and physical fitness. FP 2017; 17(4); 84-105

Abstract

The physiology of physical effort is based on diagnosing how physical activity, effort or sports affect the proportions or activity of a human body. A training programme or effort of the given group, e.g. boys training handball while studying in a lower secondary school, may consist in improving the health and functioning of a body and increasing the level of sports fitness.
The objective of the study was to assess the level of body fat of people training handball, depending on their level of training, physical fitness and age.
The study covered a group of 83 boys studying in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd grades of lower secondary school. The study applied the International Physical Fitness Test. It was also necessary to take body measurements necessary for calculating such indices as: Body Mass Index (BMI), Slenderness Index (SI), Rohrer’s Index (RI) and the Waist Hip Ratio (WHR). The assessment of body fat of the students was based on the measurements of skinfolds.
The best results in terms of BMI were demonstrated by 3rd grade students – 85.71% had correct body weight. In the measurement of waist size of the eldest students, the standard deviation was lowest, which demonstrates lower diversity of results among the boys from the 1st and 2nd grade. When measuring the skin folds, it was noted that the results were higher over age. The International Physical Fitness Test demonstrated that the eldest boys had better general results than the younger ones.
All the tested boys demonstrated a higher than average level of fitness. The level of physical fitness improves with age. However, for the purpose of obtaining more authoritative research results, more people should be tested.

Key words:
body fat, handball, junior secondary school, physical fitness

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Significance of rehabilitation in the assessment of the level of oxygen efficiency and effectiveness of the social assistance centers

Małgorzata Fortuna, Antonina Kaczorowska, Jacek Szczurowski, Aleksandra Katan, Alina Radajewska, Iwona Demczyszak

M. Fortuna, A. Kaczorowska, J. Szczurowski, A. Katan, A. Radajewska, I. Demczyszak – Significance of rehabilitation in the assessment of the level of oxygen efficiency and effectiveness of the social assistance centers. FP 2017; 17(3); 90-95

Abstract

Purpose. The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of physical therapy on the fitness and aerobic capacity of female nursing home patients.
Materials and methods. The study included 17 women attending physical therapy sessions and 13 women who were not undergoing any physiotherapy. The age range of the participants was 80-84 years. The assessments used the SPPB and the 6-minute walk test.
Results. The study found statistically significant differences between the two groups with regard to all of the parameters used to assess physical fitness and aerobic capacity. Participants who attended physical therapy sessions showed better results on both tests.
Conclusions
1. Regular physical therapy has a positive impact on the physical fitness and aerobic capacity in comparison to a control group.
2. It is crucial to develop and implement model therapy procedures for nursing home patients to improve their physical fitness and aerobic capacity.

Key words:

physical fitness, aerobic capacity, geriatric medicine

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Comparison of Physical Fitness of 11-12 Years Old Children Who Are Either Healthy, Deaf or Blind

Magdalena Tyc, Marek Kiljański

M. Tyc, M. Kiljański – Comparison of Physical Fitness of 11-12 Years Old Children Who Are Either Healthy, Deaf or Blind. FP 2017; 17(1); 56-62

Abstract
Introduction. Currently, children tend to prefer a rather sedentary lifestyle. They are more likely to choose such forms of leisure activities, which do not cause a fatigue and do not require physical effort. Limitation of physical activity carries the risk of low physical fitness.
Physical fitness is not only dependent on the musculoskeletal system, but on the condition of the whole body.
Research Goal. To evaluate how much impact on the level of physical fitness in children has the fact, that they are affected by visual or hearing impairments.
Materials and Methods. Examinations were carried out in primary schools, on 69 pupils (32 girls and 37 boys,) 11-12 years old. The research took place during the period from February 8th to 24th, 2016. The examined children were divided into three groups: 24 healthy children (10 girls and 14 boys,) 22 deaf children (10 girls and 12 boys,) and 23 blind children (12 girls and 11 boys).
All children were tested for their physical fitness, with the 5 tests for: balance, upper extremities’ muscles strength, lower extremities strength, abdominal muscles strength, and body flexibility.
Results. Our research has shown, that in all tests there have occurred statistically significant differences between the group of healthy children, and those of either deaf or blind children. The pupils with disabilities have obtained worse results. In the majority of test, the deaf children have obtained statistically, significantly better results than blind children.
Conclusions. On the basis of the carried out research, it can be concluded, that the fact of a child having either visual or hearing impairment has a significant impact on the physical fitness of such child.

Key words:
deaf children, blind children, physical fitness

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Physiotherapist – occupational predispositions. Level of flexibility

Weronika Gallert-Kopyto, Andrzej Knapik, Dagmara Wasiuk-Zowada, Anna Brzęk, Małgorzata Domagalska-Szopa, Andrzej Szopa

W. Gallert-Kopyto, A. Knapik, D. Wasiuk-Zowada, A. Brzęk, M. Domagalska-Szopa, A. Szopa – Physiotherapist – occupational predispositions. Level of flexibility. FP 2016;16(4);130-140

Abstract

Background. Possibly high level of functional efficiency is not only the foundation of human welfare, but it also plays an important role in fulfilling social functions, including professional functions. Among professions in which physical fitness is an important element of the quality of work stands out the profession of physiotherapist. Flexibility is one of the components of physical fitness. In those professions, which are characterized by volatility of positions and different effort load, the appropriate level of flexibility seems to be of particular importance.
Aim of the study. The aim of the study was to determine the level of mobility (flexibility) of the trunk among physiotherapy students. It was also decided to investigate how such variables as gender, age, morphological parameters, past and current physical activity are related to the present level of flexibility.
Material and methods. 341 people have been examined: 289 women (84.25% of the total) and 52 men (15.25%). The average age of the study group was: 20.26 years (SD = 1.69) for women; 19.85 years (SD = 1.73) for men. All of these persons were physiotherapy students.
Following data have been collected: age, past sports and physical activity – according to the Baecke questionnaire. Anthropometric measurements and three – plane measurement of the flexibility of the spine have been also made.
Results. There have been weak relationships between morphological parameters and flexibility – only in women. Physical activity strongly differentiated the level of flexibility among women in a sagittal plane (p <.05) and a transverse plane (p <.001; p <.002), a similar situation is with past sports: a sagittal plane: (p <.001) and a lateral plane on the left side (p <.05). In men, only past sports differentiated flexibility in a transverse plane on the right side (p <.05). Conclusions. The level of flexibility varies individually, especially in a sagittal plane. Gender, age and morphological parameters in young adults are poorly associated with the flexibility. Past and current physical activity have a positive influence on the trunk functional efficiency. Keywords: functional efficiency, trunk flexibility, physical fitness, three – plane measurement of the flexibility, physiotherapy profession

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Comparison of phisical fitness phisiotherapists 20 years of service with phisical fitness phisiotherapist’s students

Anna Stecz, Marek Kiljański

A. Stecz, M. Kiljański – Comparison of phisical fitness phisiotherapists 20 years of service with phisical fitness phisiotherapist’s students. FP 2016;16(4);6-12

Abstract

Aim. The aim of this study was to compare the physical fitness of phisiotherapists from the 20 years of work experience with the physical fitness of physiotherapy’s students. They were also subjected to analysis of the performance of the respondents.
Material and Methods. The study was conducted in the period from April 2015 to March 2016 in a group of 48 healthy people. Patients were divided into 2 groups: 24 physiotherapy students (13 women and 11 men) and 24 physiotherapists (14 women and 10 men). For the analysis of the research material was used a questionnaire, which contained 15 questions about physical activity and habits studied and selected samples from the Zuchora’s Index of physical fitness (agility, jumping, speed, strength of abdomen muscles).
Results. The tested samples of fitness, there were no statistically significant correlation between the subjects’ age and level of implementation of individual skill tests. However, the average results of the respondents obtained in each of the tests say that the physiotherapists scored higher in an attempt flexibility and strength mm. belly while students in speed and jump try. It turned out to be statistically significant correlation between the frequency of physical activity undertaken and the level of efficiency.
Conclusions. The students obtained higher scores in an attempt to speed and jumping, while physiotherapists in an attempt to strength of abdomen muscles and flexibility. There is no statistically significant correlation between the subjects’ age and level of physical fitness. The frequency of physical activity influences the level of efficiency in the study groups.

Keywords:

movement, physical fitness, physical activity, endurance, physiotherapists

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Fullerton test in the assessment of patients with COPD

Anna Rutkowska, Sebastian Rutkowski, Witold Pawełczyk,  Jan Szczegielniak

A. Rutkowska, S. Rutkowski, W. Pawełczyk,  J. Szczegielniak: Fullerton test in the assessment of patients with COPD. FP 2015;15(4);90-97

Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess the physical fitness using Fullerton test in COPD patients over 60 years old. Study group consisted of 53 patients with COPD. Control group consisted of 34 healthy individuals students of the University of the Third Age in Głochołazy. To assess the physical fitness Fullerton test was used. There was a reduced physical fitness in patients with COPD, compared to the control group.

Key words:
Fullerton test, COPD, physical fitness

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