The main factors determining the occurrence of developmental dysplasia of the hip in infants based on the analysis of medical history of newborns staying in the neonatal ward of the Szpital Wojewódzki in Tychy in 2017

Magdalena Kiecoń, Jarosław Madowicz, Paulina Głowacka, Renata Szczepaniak

M. Kiecoń, J. Madowicz, P. Głowacka, R. Szczepaniak – The main factors determining the occurrence of developmental dysplasia of the hip in infants based on the analysis of medical history of newborns staying in the neonatal ward of the Szpital Wojewódzki in Tychy in 2017. Fizjoterapia Polska 2019; 19(1); 98-107

Abstract

Aim. To investigate the frequency of occurrence of Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip in newborns and to distinguish the main factors causing its occurrence.
Material and methods. The research included medical documentation in the form of the medical history of 1591 patients in the neonatological ward of the Provincial Specialist Hospital of Megrez Sp. z o.o. in Tychy.
Results. The incidence of DDH was higher among girls than among boys, and predominantly in the right joints. The study did not detect any significant relationship between the occurrence of DDH and the type of delivery, week of pregnancy, multiplicity of pregnancy and birth weight of newborns. However, a statistically significant relationship was detected between the occurrence of physiologically immature joints and the birth weight of newborns.
Conclusions. 1. The frequency of occurrence of DDH among newborns staying in the neonatal ward of the Provincial Hospital in Tychy in 2017 was 2.7% and was lower than the literature gives. 2. The occurrence of DDH was more frequent among girls than among boys. 3. DDH occurred more frequently in a statistically significant way in the right joint. 4. A significant relationship was found between the occurrence of type IIa variations according to the Graf scale and the birth weight of the newborn. 5. There were no significant relationships between the occurrence of DDH and the type of delivery, week of pregnancy, multiplicity of pregnancy and birth weight of newborns.

Key words:
DDH, developmental hip dysplasia, pediatrics, newborns, hip joint

 

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The new Dynamic Spine Correction (DSC) device: indications and contraindications

Wojciech Kaczmarek, Paweł Łęgosz, Renata Szczepaniak, Anna Lipińska, Krzysztof Mucha

W. Kaczmarek, P. Łęgosz, R. Szczepaniak, A. Lipińska, K. Mucha – The new Dynamic Spine Correction (DSC) device: indications and contraindications. Fizjoterapia Polska 2018; 18(4); 62-72

Abstract
The Dynamic Spine Correction (DSC) device (patent PL 229766; patent US 9,949,884 B2) was designed and constructed for the use in the spine physiotherapy. The device was produced by Bio.morph Ltd. as a result of the European Union Operational Program Innovative Economy for the 2007-2013 years.
The DSC proposes new methodology for the almost independent rehabilitation. Our method with the supervision of a physiotherapist can follow-up the osteo‑kinematics of the patient’s spine as the dynamically physiological joint play that being restored in blocked spine joints.
Thanks to the new diagnostic system there is also the possibility to: a) visualize the condition of the spinal column; b) register the parameters of patient’s therapy, as well as c) the results. Thanks to that, it is possible to evaluate the patient’s current condition and the progress of the therapy objectively.
Our innovative diagnostic and therapeutic methodology – namely Dynamic Correction and Mobilization of Spine and Postural Neuromuscular Re‑education – allows for an effective treatment of the spine disorders of different etiologies. Moreover it minimizes the potential risks for the patient’s, that results nowadays from therapeutic technologies used, as well as harmful materials and medicines with low specificity (e.g. painkillers).

Key words:
Back pain, DSC, dynamic spinal correction, physiotherapy, postural neuromuscular re‑education, spine

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The functional aspects of occupational therapy

Jerzy Rottermund, Joanna Szymańska, Aneta Warmuz-Wancisiewicz, Renata Szczepaniak

Jerzy Rottermund, Joanna Szymańska, Aneta Warmuz-Wancisiewicz, Renata Szczepaniak – The functional aspects of occupational therapy. Fizjoterapia Polska 2018; 18(3); 78-85

 

Abstract
The basic intent of occupational therapy is to reduce functional limitations or to completely eliminate them, along with striving to obtain, depending on the possessed psychophysical capabilities of self-reliance, self-sufficiency and independence. The aim of the work is to point to occupational therapy as a means to improve the functional efficiency necessary to perform everyday activities.
Functions in medicine mean activities and many physiological processeses that are essential in the work of the body as a whole. In occupational therapy, the term function means a series of activities that a participant of the therapy is able to perform. The article presents and discusses the conditions for the restoration of motor functions that an occupational therapist should consider in his or her professional work.

Key words:
occupational therapy, functional efficiency, dysfunction

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Professor Andrzej Zembaty

Sławomir Jandziś, Marek Woszczak, Marek Kiljański, Renata Szczepaniak

FP 2013; 13(4); 57-59

Streszczenie
Rocznica 50-lecia zorganizowanej działalności fizjoterapeutów w Polsce to okazja do przedstawienia sylwetki jednego z wybitnych przedstawicieli naszego zawodu prof. dra hab. Andrzeja Zembatego. Urodził się on 21 kwietnia 1935 roku w Jaśle w rodzinie inteligenckiej. Matka był nauczycielką, ojciec ukończył wydział prawa UJ i pracował jako sędzia w Jaśle a następnie Sanoku. Andrzej Zembaty po zdaniu matury w liceum sanockim rozpoczął studia w warszawskiej AWF, które ukończył w 1958 roku. W 1960 roku rozpoczął pracę fizjoterapeuty w Stołecznym Centrum Rehabilitacji Schorzeń Narządu Ruchu w Konstancinie oraz w 1964 roku jako nauczyciel zawodu w Medycznym Studium Zawodowym w Konstancinie. W 1972 roku, na wniosek prof. Mariana Weissa, dyrektora STOCER i kuratora Zakładu Rehabilitacji w warszawskim AWF-e został zatrudniony na stanowisku starszego asystenta w tymże zakładzie. Powrócił więc na uczelnię, z którą związał większość swojego życia zawodowego. Pełnił w niej następujące funkcję: 1979 – kierownik Zakładu Rehabilitacji Ruchowej, 1982 – pełnomocnik Rektora ds. Powołania Wydziału Rehabilitacji, 1983 – z-ca dyr. Instytutu Nauk Biologicznych, 1984 – 1987- prodziekan ds. studenckich i organizacyjnych w nowo powołanym Wydziale, 1987 – 1990- prodziekan ds. dydaktyki. Ostatnim miejscem działalności zawodowo-dydaktycznej przed przejściem na emeryturę w 1999 roku była AWF w Katowicach, gdzie Profesor kierował Zakładem Kinezyterapii

Słowa kluczowe:
rehabilitacja lecznicza, fizjoterapeuci, historia rehabilitacji


Abstract

The 50th anniversary of the organized activity of physiotherapists in Poland is an opportunity to present the figure of one of the eminent representatives of our profession, prof. Andrzej Zembaty, PhD. He was born on April 21, 1935 in Jasło to an intelligentsia family. The mother was a teacher, my father graduated from the Jagiellonian University law department and worked as a judge in Jasło and then Sanok. Andrzej Zembaty, after passing the final exams at the high school in Sanok, he began studies at the University of Physical Education in Warsaw, which he graduated in 1958. In 1960, he started working as a physiotherapist at the Metropolitan Rehabilitation Center for Motion Disorders in Konstancin and in 1964 as a teacher of the profession at the Medical Vocational College in Konstancin. In 1972, at the request of prof. Marian Weiss, director of STOCER and curator of the Rehabilitation Department at the University of Physical Education in Warsaw, was employed as a senior assistant at the same facility. He returned to the university, with whom he associated most of his professional life. He held the following function: 1979 – head of the Department of Movement Rehabilitation, 1982 – Rector’s representative for the appointment of the Rehabilitation Department, 1983 – deputy director. Institute of Biological Sciences, 1984 – 1987 – vice-dean for student and organizational affairs at the newly appointed Faculty, 1987 – 1990 – vice-dean for didactics. The last place of professional and didactic activity before retiring in 1999 was the University of Physical Education in Katowice, where the Professor headed the Kinesitherapy Unit.

Key words:
Therapeutic rehabilitation, physiotherapists, rehabilitation history

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High-tone power therapy as an alternative to walking training in people with intermittent claudication

Joanna Szymańska, Krzysztof Czupryna, Olga Nowotny-Czupryna, Renata Szczepaniak

J. Szymańska, K. Czupryna, O. Nowotny-Czupryna, R. Szczepaniak. High-tone power therapy as an alternative to walking training in people with intermittent claudication. FP 2017; 17(3); 112-120

Abstract

Introduction. The main symptom of the CLEI impairing walking ability and functioning of the patient is intermittent claudication. The predominant form of the physical therapy during this ischaemic period is physical training, which, due to the frequent occurrence of co-morbidities, can only be taken by 25-50% of patients. Therefore, other ways of relieving symptoms associated with the CLEI have been sought. Perhaps, an alternative method might be may the high-tone power therapy, which can start the muscle pump without negative effects of contraindicated for physical exertion.
The aim of the study was to determine whether the high-tone power therapy could be an alternative for walking training on a treadmill, especially for people with contraindication for intensive physical activity.
Material and methodology 68 patients diagnosed with CLEI in the age of 40-70 were examined in 2 groups: A-main and B-control. Functional possibilities were evaluated in the area of the walking distance and the maximum walking distance in a standard treadmill test. The results obtained were compared with the literature on the increment of these distance after the physical training. Group A patients were subjected to a series sessions of high-tone power therapy; group B patients had those treatments simulated.
Results In group A, patients significantly prolonged the claudication distance and maximal walking distance. Also, significant reduction in pain duration was noticed after discontinuation of the treatment.
Conclusions The high-tone power therapy may be an alternative to walking training for patients with the CLEI, especially in those patients with a very short claudication distance and in those whose greater effort is not indicated.

Key words:

high-tone power therapy (HiToP), chronic lower extremity ischaemia (CLEI), intermittent claudication, walking training, chronic lower limb ischaemia

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Improvement in the quality of life of persons with chronic lower extremity ischaemia after high-tone power therapy

Joanna Szymańska, Olga Nowotny-Czupryna, Krzysztof Czupryna, Renata Szczepaniak

J. Szymańska, O. Nowotny-Czupryna, K. Czupryna, R. Szczepaniak – Improvement in the quality of life of persons with chronic lower extremity ischaemia after high-tone power therapy. FP 2017; 17(3); 64-73

Abstract

Introduction.The CLEI results in decreased walking ability, which is limiting physical activity due to pain. This is the main factor adversely influencing the quality of life observed in these patients. For these reasons, the most important target of physiotherapists is to reduce physical fitness loss caused by a very low level of physical activity over many years.
The aim of the study was to investigate whether the high-tone power therapy can improve functional abilities patients with CLEI in the gait, and thereby improve their self-assessed quality of life.
Material and methods The study involved 68 patients aged 40-70, who were assigned to one of two groups: the A – main, group and B – control group. Their functional abilities in gait were assessed with the use of the WIQ-Walking Impairment Questionnaire, which evaluated 4 domains: claudication distance, walking speed, claudication capacity, ability to walk steps. A group patients were subjected to a series of high-tone power therapy while in B group all the treatments were simulated.
Results Certain differences were noticed in each domain of the WIQ questionnaire, but significant ones were solely in A group. The most noticeable changes were in pain and cramps of the calf; smaller changes were related to walking distance and speed. The smallest changes were reported in the ability to walk steps. Some changes were also reported in the control group, but they were less conspicuous and only affected some domains of the WIQ questionnaire.
Conclusions The high-tone therapy results in subjective improvement in functional locomotion capacity in all domains of self-assessment of patients. Improving the function of lower extremities is conditioned by the presence of additional factors, which are kind of disorder risk factors.

Key words:
high-tone power (HiToP), quality of life, chronic lower extremity ischemia (CLEI), chronic lower limb ischemia

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Rehabilitacja pacjentów po udarze mózgu z uwzględnieniem czynników socjo-demograficznych / The rehabilitation of patients after the cerebral stroke including socio-demographic factors

Marzena Kobylańska, Bartosz M. Wójcik, Renata Szczepaniak, Zbigniew Śliwiński

FP 2016;16(4);82-97

Streszczenie

Wstęp. Według danych Światowej Organizacji Zdrowia udar mózgu stanowi trzecią po chorobach serca i nowotworach przyczynę zgonów. Szacuje się, że co roku umiera z tego powodu 4,6 miliona ludzi na świecie, w tym 3,2 miliona w krajach rozwijających się i 1,2 miliona w krajach uprzemysłowionych. Zaobserwowano, że na skuteczność fizjoterapii osób po udarze mózgu wpływ mają czynniki biologiczne, oraz sytuacja społeczno-ekonomiczna pacjenta.
Cel pracy. Celem pracy jest analiza roli czynników socjo-demograficznych w procesie fizjoterapii pacjentów po udarze mózgu.
Materiał i metody badań. Badania przeprowadzono na oddziale rehabilitacji neurologicznej we Wrocławskim Centrum Rehabilitacji i Medycyny Sportowej. Badana grupa obejmowała ogółem 120 osób po przebytym udarze mózgu. Badania przeprowadzono w dwóch punktach czasowych. W pierwszym dniu pobytu pacjenta na oddziale rehabilitacji neurologicznej oraz po trzech tygodniach prowadzonego usprawniania. Wszyscy pacjenci uczestniczyli w systematycznej fizjoterapii prowadzonej standardowo na oddziale rehabilitacji neurologicznej z określeniem częstotliwości i czasu jej trwania. Dla każdego pacjenta pełen cykl badawczy trwał trzy tygodnie. W pracy wykorzystano następujące metody badań: Skala Barthel (Barthel Index, BI), Skala Lawtona (Instrumental Activity of Daily Living IADL),Indeks Mobilności Rivermead (IMR), Krótka Skala Oceny Stanu Psychicznego (Mini-Mental State Examination, MMSE), Geriatryczna Skala Oceny Depresji (Geriatric Depression Scale, GDS), Skala Uogólnionej Własnej Skuteczności (Generalized Self – Efficacy Scale, GSES), Skala Akceptacji Choroby (Acceptace of Ilness Scale, AIS), Wizualna Analogowa Skala Bólu (Visual Analogue Scale, VAS).
Wyniki. Cechy natury biologicznej takie jak wiek, czas od udaru, rodzaj udaru, ilość chorób współistniejących, mają związek z niską skutecznością fizjoterapii prowadzonej na oddziale rehabilitacji neurologicznej. Czynniki socjo-demograficzne takie jak stan cywilny, aktywność zawodowa, rodzaj wykonywanej pracy mają związek z niską skutecznością prowadzonej fizjoterapii.
Wnioski. Kompleksowa rehabilitacja neurologiczna pacjentów po udarze mózgu uwzględniająca czynniki socjo-demograficzne jest niezbędna do osiągnięcia wysokiej skuteczności fizjoterapii.

Słowa kluczowe:

udar mózgu, fizjoterapia, czynniki socjo-demograficzne


Abstract

Introduction. According to the World Health Organization, cerebral stroke constitutes the third largest cause of death just after heart disease and cancer. It is estimated that every year 4.6 million people die due to stroke, including 3.2 in developing countries and 1.2 in developed ones. It has been observed that the effectiveness of physiotherapy in patients after a stroke depends on biological factors but also on their socio-economic condition.
The dissertation goal. The goal of this dissertation is to analyze the role of socio-demographic factors in the process of physiotherapy for patients after a cerebral stroke.
Materials and methods. The research has been carried out at the neurological rehabilitation ward of the Wrocław Center for Rehabilitation and Sports Medicine. The research group consisted of 120 patients after cerebral stroke. The examination was conducted at two time intervals – on the first day of the patient’s treatment at the neurological rehabilitation ward, and after three weeks of rehabilitation. All the patients participated in the systematic physiotherapy, which is a standard procedure at the neurological rehabilitation ward, where they had a defined schedule of frequency and time of rehab. A full research cycle lasted for three weeks for every patient. The following methods were used in the research: Barthel Scale (Barthel Index, BI), Lawton Scale (Instrumental Activity of Daily Living (IADL), Rivermead Mobility Index (RMI), Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), Generalized Self – Efficacy Scale (GSES), Acceptance of Illness Scale (AIS), and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS).
Results. Factors regarding the biological nature of the patient’s condition such as age, time since the stroke, type of stroke, and number of coexisting diseases have a definite impact on the low effectiveness of the physiotherapy conducted at the neurological rehabilitation ward. Socio-demographic factors, marital status, professional activity, and kind of job, also have an impact on the low effectiveness of the conducted physiotherapy.
Conclusions. Comprehensive rehabilitation of neurological patients after the cerebral stroke, taking into account socio-demographic factors is essential to achieve high effectiveness of physiotherapy.

Keywords:

stroke, physiotherapy, socio-demographic factors

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Możliwości zastosowania dynamicznego plastrowania u kobiet po usunięciu węzłów chłonnych z powodu raka gruczołu piersiowego / Possible applications of dynamic taping in women after the removal of lymph nodes because of breast cancer

Anna Lipińska, Magdalena Lipińska-Stańczak, Paweł Macek, Renata Szczepaniak, Sławomir Jandziś, Zbigniew Śliwiński

FP 2015;15(4);16-31

Streszczenie
Wstęp. W Polsce i na świecie rak piersi jest najczęściej występującym nowotworem złośliwym wśród kobiet. Powikłania, występujące po zastosowanej terapii, obniżają jakość życia pacjentek. Jednym z wielu niekorzystnych skutków leczenia raka piersi jest obrzęk limfatyczny. Usunięcie węzłów chłonnych i uszkodzenie naczyń limfatycznych utrudnia transport wysokocząsteczkowych białek, jednocześnie wpływa na wzmożenie ciśnienia koloidoosmotycznego, zatrzymanie wody w przestrzeni międzytkankowej,  utratę napięcia naczyń limfatycznych oraz obniżenie ciśnienia hydrostatycznego. Nie leczony obrzęk limfatyczny wywołuje dolegliwości w postaci nawracających stanów zapalnych skóry, naczyń limfatycznych, co w znacznym stopniu ogranicza sprawność psychofizyczną chorych oraz sprzyja rozwojowi mięsaka limfatycznego kończyny górnej po stronie mastektomii. Jedną z metod leczenia lymphoedemy jest Kinesiology Taping. W Polsce coraz częściej używa się terminu dynamiczne plastrowanie. Zastosowanie tej metody powoduje, że w bezbolesny i naturalny sposób w organizmie pacjenta następują procesy lecznicze.
Cel pracy. Przedstawienie możliwości zastosowania technik limfatycznych dynamicznego plastrowania u kobiet po amputacji piersi oraz ocena wpływu zastosowanych aplikacji na wtórny obrzęk limfatyczny. Cel główny został zweryfikowany poprzez następujące hipotezy badawcze:
1.Aplikacje dynamicznego plastrowania zmniejszają obrzęk limfatyczny u kobiet po mastektomii.
2.Techniki metody Kinesiology Tapingu wpływają na zmianę zakresów ruchów  w stawach kończyny górnej.
Materiał i metody badawcze. Badanie wykonano w Zakładzie Rehabilitacji Świętokrzyskiego Centrum Onkologii w Kielcach. Grupa badana liczyła 73 pacjentki po mastektomii, u których stwierdzono wtórny obrzęk limfatyczny kończyny górnej. Objętość kończyn górnych był mierzony przy użyciu menzury wypełnionej wodą. Pomiary zakresów ruchu w stawach kończyn górnych były wykonywane za pomocą goniometru.                                                                                 Wyniki i wnioski. Analiza uzyskanych wyników wykazuje, że zastosowane aplikacje limfatyczne zmniejszają obrzęk limfatyczny,  zwiększają zakresy ruchu w stawach kończyny górnej po stronie operowanej oraz wspierają procesy lecznicze przyczyniając się do poprawy sprawności fizycznej i jakości życia.

Słowa kluczowe:
rak piersi, obrzęk limfatyczny, dynamiczne plastrowanie, Kinesiology Taping

Abstract
Introduction. In Poland and in the world breast cancer is the most frequent malignancy among women. Complications occurring after the applied therapy lower the quality of patients’ life. One of the many adverse effects of breast cancer treatment is lymphedema. Removal of lymph nodes and damage to lymphatic vessels make the transport of high-molecular proteins difficult, and at the same time, they have an influence on an increase in the colloid-osmotic pressure, water retention in the inter-tissue space, the loss of lymphatic vascular tone and reduction of the hydrostatic pressure. If not treated, lymphedema causes ailments in the form of recurrent inflammatory conditions of the skin, lymphatic vessels, which greatly reduces the patients’ psychophysical efficiency and promotes the development of lymphosarcoma of the upper limb on the side of mastectomy. One of the methods of lymphedema treatment is Kinesiology Taping. In Poland, the term dynamic taping is more and more frequently used. Application of this method causes that healing processes occur in the patient in a painless and natural way.
Aim. To present the possibilities of using lymphatic techniques of dynamic taping in women after mastectomy and to assess the impact of the applications on the secondary lymphedema.  The author decided to verify the main objective through the following research hypotheses:
1.Applications of dynamic taping reduce lymphedema in women after mastectomy.
2.Techniques of the Kinesiology Taping method influence the change of motion ranges in the joints of the upper limb.
Material and research methods. The study was performed in the Department of Rehabilitation of Holycross Cancer Centre in Kielce. The study group consisted of 73 patients after mastectomy diagnosed with secondary lymphedema of the upper limb. The volume of upper limbs was measured with the use of a measuring cylinder filled with water. Measurements of motion ranges in the joints of upper limbs were performed with the use of a goniometer.
Results and conclusions. Analysis of the results shows that the employed lymphatic applications reduce lymphedema, increase the range of motion in the joints of the upper limb on the operated side and promote healing processes, contributing to the improvement of physical efficiency and the quality of life.

Key words:
breast cancer, lymphedema, dynamic taping, Kinesiology Taping

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