Edward Madeyski’s pioneering activities for the development of physiotherapy, physical education and hygiene in Lviv in the years 1870-1906
Sławomir Jandziś, Ewa Puszczałowska-Lizis, Maciej Łuczak
S. Jandziś, E. Puszczałowska-Lizis, Maciej Łuczak – Edward Madeyski’s pioneering activities for the development of physiotherapy, physical education and hygiene in Lviv in the years 1870-1906. Fizjoterapia Polska 2018; 18(4); 130-136
The authors, based on source materials and a few studies, present the activities of Edward Madeyski for the development of physiotherapy, physical education and hygiene in Lviv in the years 1870-1906. This doctor, by profession, and a passionate promoter of gymnastics, physiotherapy, hygiene, dietetics and healthy lifestyle, founded the theoretical basics of physical education. He represented the health-and-hygiene school, was a supporter of “rational gymnastics”, published the first Polish manuals for teaching gymnastics in schools. The main aim of the article is to present E. Madeyski’s little-known activity in the field of physiotherapy which he had been practicing since 1870 in his own Orthopedic Gymnastics Center in Lviv. Therein he treated children with musculoskeletal disorders, mainly with spinal curvatures, with the help of physical factors (therapeutic gymnastics, massage, orthopedic supports). Authors also present E. Madeyski’s activities as a teacher and promoter of physical education and hygiene in Galicia at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. His work gave rise to the development of the theory of physical education, gymnastics specialists training and the activity of orthopedic and gymnastic facilities. In recognition of his merits for many years of medical, pedagogical and scientific activity in 1889, the emperor awarded the title of professor to him.
physiotherapy, healing gymnastics, history of rehabilitation
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