Judo as an alternative rehabilitation method in multiple sclerosis

Katarzyna Wiszniewska, Feliks Jaroszyk, Krystyna Opalko, Małgorzata Wiszniewska

K. Wiszniewska, F. Jaroszyk, K. Opalko, M. Wiszniewska – Judo as an alternative rehabilitation method in multiple sclerosis. Fizjoterapia Polska 2019; 19(1); 30-36

Abstract
Objective. To evaluate the efectiveness of training judo as a part of a physiotheraphy programme in MS patients
Materials and methodology. 4 female RR-MS patients, aged between 32 and 49, have taken part in a 8-week programme. Their condition was evaluated twice – before and after the therapy. Two surveys have been carried out: one prepared by the authors of the study and Multiple Sclerosis Impact Scale (MSIS-29). In order to evaluate the functional state the following methods have been used: Functional Reach Test, 10 m TW (Time Walking) test and the Lovett test (for the following muscles: rectus femoris, biceps femoris, rectus abdominis, deltoideus).
Results. After the therapy the most persisting ailments decresed considerably. The functional tests showed better results and the patients had a better phycological disposition.
Conclusions. Judo training improved both functional and psychogical condition of the patients in the rehabilitation group. The programme proved to be an alternative form of physiotherapy for MS patients.

Key words:
multiple sclerosis, physiotherapy, judo, physical activity

 

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The influence of physical activity on the alignment of metabolic disorders in secondary school students

Magdalena Madej, Zbigniew Śliwiński

M. Madej, Z. Śliwiński – The influence of physical activity on the alignment of metabolic disorders in secondary school students. Fizjoterapia Polska 2018; 18(4); 102-111

Abstract
Introduction. This work aimed to assess the influence of systematic physical activity on changes in the blood pressure parameters, and thus on metabolism, distribution of fat, percentage of muscle, water, bone mass in students’ bodies and their BMI.
Material and methods. The study comprised 98 students who do not regularly undertake physical activity, as well as 98 students who undertake sport at least 3-4 times per week. Patients were examined individually as per the established pattern: tissue bioimpedance analysis, waist and hip circumference measurement, Martinet endurance test. The ending contains an anonymous lifestyle survey.
Results. Lower mean values of BMI, WHR and fat percentages were recorded among students who regularly practice sports. Those same students also displayed better endurance.
Conclusions. The conducted research clearly prove that systematic physical activity has a beneficial effect on the human body. It guarantees maximum endurance of the body, protects against many metabolic diseases, affects the proportions of body composition and constitutes an inseparable element of well-being.

Key words:
physical activity, metabolism, bioimpedance, BMI, metabolic diseases

 

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Comparison of Physical Capacity in Swimming and Non-swimming Children Aged 10-12

Aleksandra Kruk, Joanna Spurek, Marek Kiljański

Aleksandra Kruk, Joanna Spurek, Marek Kiljański – Comparison of Physical Capacity in Swimming and Non-swimming Children Aged 10-12. Fizjoterapia Polska 2018; 18(3); 36-44

Abstract
Objective. The supreme objective of this study was to compare the physical capacity of swimming children and the children that do not do any physical activity, aged 10-12.
Materials and methods. The research was conducted among 60 children, of whom 30 swim regularly and the other half do not exercise physically at all. The research subjects included 13 girls and 17 boys aged 10-12. The study used a questionnaire as well as two exercise tests: Ruffier test and 6-minute march test.
Results. It was noted in the endurance tests that swimming persons had better results than the persons who do not do sports. The Ruffier test demonstrated that the physical performance of swimmers was better at almost every level. The 6-minute march test demonstrated that swimmers are able to cover a longer distance with a smaller effort than the physically passive persons. When analysing the results from the statistical point of view, one may note a relationship between the regularity of physical activity and the degree physical capacity.
Conclusions. The capacity of the children who are physically active is greater than of those who are not. The results are also affected by ways of spending free time and the amount of time devoted daily to activity.

Key words:
physical capacity, swimming, movement, physical activity

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Physical activity in hemodialyzed patients of the hospital in Värnamo

Celina Łupińska

C. Łupińska – Physical activity in hemodialyzed patients of the hospital in Värnamo. Fizjoterapia Polska 2018; 18(2); 12-22

Abstract

Introduction. Patients with kidney failure engage in less physical activity. This leads to reduced muscle strength, exercise tolerance, and hemodynamic activity of the heart and the cardiovascular system. Such patients also experience a decreased sense of well-being. Patients who are qualified for hemodialysis (HD) undergo treatment 3-5 times a week. Due to the lengthy nature of the procedure (each session takes about 3-5 hours), it can be a heavy burden for the patients.
Purpose. The purpose of the study was to demonstrate the positive effects of regular physical activity in hemodialyzed patients.
Materials and methods. 23 adult patients (over 18 years old) were included in the study. Two patients did not give their consent to participate, and 8 were excluded due to comorbid conditions (infections, arrhythmia, fistula complications, lower extremity amputation), as they were unable to undergo all of the tests. The remaining 13 patients (57%) were tested for muscle strength, physical fitness, and balance. The tests were conducted before the start of a regular, individual physical training regimen and were administered before / during hemodialysis.
Results. In patients with chronic kidney failure who were undergoing regular hemodialysis at the time of the study, significant improvement in physical fitness (6 patients, 46%), lower extremity muscle strength (8 patients, 61%), upper extremity muscle strength (6 patients, 46%), and balance (4 patients, 31%) was observed after a six-month long physical training regimen, with training sessions of individually adjusted length and intensity conducted 3 times a week.
Conclusion. An improvement in physical fitness, lower and upper extremity muscle strength, and balance was observed in patients with kidney failure, who were treated regularly at the dialysis ward of the hospital in Värnamo (dialyzed at least 3 times a week), and who participated in a regular physical activity training before/during hemodialysis.

Key words:
kidney failure, hemodialysis, physical activity

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Assessment of physical activity effectiveness in pain alleviating of the lumbar spine pain during pregnancy

Sławomir Motylewski, Dominika Terka, Elżbieta Poziomska-Piątkowska

S. Motylewski, D. Terka, E. Poziomska-Piątkowska – Assessment of physical activity effectiveness in pain alleviating of the lumbar spine pain during pregnancy. FP 2017; 17(4); 34-40

Abstract

Spine pain is common affliction during pregnancy. It is caused by body mass increase, which creates additional burden for structures of lumbar-sacral spine section and pelvis. Centre of gravity and body position are changed, which causes balance disorder of motor system. Asymmetry in mobility of sacroiliac joints appears, as well as irritation of sacroiliac ligaments.
The treatment of this problem includes pharmacological methods, physiotherapy and most important, variety of physical exercises.
The main goal of this study was assessment of different therapies effectiveness on lumbar spine pain during pregnancy.
Material and methods. The study group consisted of 41 women, who gave birth at least once. To gather information a survey method was used.
Results. Physical activity was pointed as one of the most efficient method of preventing spinal pain – 47,4. Hydrotherapy was chosen by 21% respondents, while massage and kinesiotaping only 15,8% both. According to 15,2% of questioned pain was gone as a result of systematical exercises.
Conclusions. Systematical physical activity before pregnancy was declared by the vast majority of respondents, while during pregnancy by half of questioned.
According to respondents, physical activity before and during pregnancy does not affect lumbar spine pain.

Key words:
physical activity, spin pain, pregnancy, physiotherapy

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Studying the impact of body weight and physical activity on quality of life of junior high school students

Anna Kogut, Marek Kiljański

A. Kogut, M. Kiljański – Studying the impact of body weight and physical activity on quality of life of junior high school students. FP 2017; 17(1); 14-22

Abstract
Introduction. Overweight and obesity presently constitute a serious problem, both in Poland and worldwide. They affect not only adults. Every year, there is a growing number of children and youths, who struggle with overweight and obesity. The fact, that they are not accepting their body may contribute to the lower quality of living. An important issue becomes regular physical activity.
Research Goal. Evaluation of the impact of body weight and physical activity on the quality of living in junior high school students.
Materials and Methods. Examinations were performed in 57 persons (including 29 girls and 28 boys,) 12-15  years old (Mean: 13.75 years.) In the test group, there were conducted: survey regarding physical activity, Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory (CSEI) and four physical fitness tests.
Results. After collecting data and the results analysis, there has not been observed deterioration in the quality of living in persons, whose BMI exceed the upper limit of the standard.
Conclusions. Excessive body weight does not reduce the quality of living in teenagers.
Level of physical activity does not affect the quality of living in young people.
Frequency of physical activity has a significant impact on self-esteem and self-assessment.

Key words:
quality of living, BMI, obesity, physical activity

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The assessment of the attitude towards physical activity among the Physiotherapy students of Warsaw Medical University (WMU) and the students of Physical Education Academy (PEA)

Edyta Smolis-Bąk, Agnieszka Szymańczuk, Hanna Rymuza,
Ilona Kowalik, Maria Kłoda, Grażyna Brzuszkiewicz-Kuźmicka

E. Smolis-Bąk, A. Szymańczuk, H. Rymuza, I. Kowalik, M. Kłoda, G. Brzuszkiewicz-Kuźmicka – The assessment of the attitude towards physical activity among the Physiotherapy students of Warsaw Medical University (WMU) and the students of Physical Education Academy (PEA). FP 2016;16(4);30-39

Abstract

Physical activity is a key integrating element of a healthy lifestyle. Physical Fitness determines the resourcefulness in various life situations, its high level may facilitate work, broaden the capabilities and contribute to a healthy lifestyle. Studies show that physical therapists are particularly predisposed to promote a healthy lifestyle among the medical patients. On the other hand, due to the nature of their work, they are at risk of muscular and skeletal injuries.
The objective was to assess the Warsaw Medical University (WMU) and the Academy of Physical Education (APE) Physiotherapy Students’ attitude toward physical activity and physical fitness.
Methodology. Examined was a group of 90 students (37 females, 9 males from WMU and 22 females, 22 males from PEA) of the age 22.7 on average ±2.0 years. Prepared questionnaire designed to assess attitudes toward physical activity was used. The level of physical fitness of the investigated students was examined with International Physical Fitness Test.
Results. The number of physical activity hours is significantly lower at the Medical University (1.6 ±1.5) than PE Academy (3.6 ±1.7), p<0,001. Very high (80%) interest in physical activity during leisure time has been demonstrated, with higher tendency among Physiotherapy PEA students than the WMU students (p = 0.07). A significantly lower level of physical fitness among WMU students, as compared to PEA students, was also found. Conclusions. 1. Very high interest in physical activity during leisure time, in both groups, should be taken advantage of and developed in educational process. 2. Medical University students presented a much lower fitness level than PEA students, which may have resulted from fewer hours of physical activities at the Medical University of Warsaw (WMU). 3. Due to higher expectations in case of physiotherapists, it seems that physical fitness should be one of the recruitment process criteria at Medical University of Warsaw. Keywords: physical activity, assessment of physical fitness, physiotherapy students

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Comparison of phisical fitness phisiotherapists 20 years of service with phisical fitness phisiotherapist’s students

Anna Stecz, Marek Kiljański

A. Stecz, M. Kiljański – Comparison of phisical fitness phisiotherapists 20 years of service with phisical fitness phisiotherapist’s students. FP 2016;16(4);6-12

Abstract

Aim. The aim of this study was to compare the physical fitness of phisiotherapists from the 20 years of work experience with the physical fitness of physiotherapy’s students. They were also subjected to analysis of the performance of the respondents.
Material and Methods. The study was conducted in the period from April 2015 to March 2016 in a group of 48 healthy people. Patients were divided into 2 groups: 24 physiotherapy students (13 women and 11 men) and 24 physiotherapists (14 women and 10 men). For the analysis of the research material was used a questionnaire, which contained 15 questions about physical activity and habits studied and selected samples from the Zuchora’s Index of physical fitness (agility, jumping, speed, strength of abdomen muscles).
Results. The tested samples of fitness, there were no statistically significant correlation between the subjects’ age and level of implementation of individual skill tests. However, the average results of the respondents obtained in each of the tests say that the physiotherapists scored higher in an attempt flexibility and strength mm. belly while students in speed and jump try. It turned out to be statistically significant correlation between the frequency of physical activity undertaken and the level of efficiency.
Conclusions. The students obtained higher scores in an attempt to speed and jumping, while physiotherapists in an attempt to strength of abdomen muscles and flexibility. There is no statistically significant correlation between the subjects’ age and level of physical fitness. The frequency of physical activity influences the level of efficiency in the study groups.

Keywords:

movement, physical fitness, physical activity, endurance, physiotherapists

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Nordic walking as a form of physical activity affecting gait and balance in elderly people

Agnieszka Leszczyńska, Marta Dopierała, Jan W.Raczkowski

A. Leszczyńska, M. Dopierała, J. W.Raczkowski: Nordic walking as a form of physical activity affecting gait and balance in elderly people. FP 2015;15(4);98-107

Abstract
Introduction. In the process of aging there comes to deterioration in mobility which is related to, among others, age-related diseases. The pathophysiological changes, the applied treatment may adversely affect mobility leading to the disorders of postural stability and gait control. Gait/Walking is a natural form of physical activity and is a component of almost all daily activities. To sustain physical activity, minimize imbalance disorders and to improve gait, particularly in elderly people, Nordic Walking – a popular form of activity – is used more and more frequently.
Aim. The main aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of Nordic Walking training on the improvement of gait and balance in elderly people and its impact on subjective assessment of their well-being.
Material and methods. The study included 30 elderly subjects, most of them actively spending their leisure time, not practising Nordic Walking. Age and sex of the respondents, physical activity, difficulty in walking and subjective assessment of well-being were estimated on the basis of individual research questionnaire. The Functional Reach Test was used for quick evaluation of balance and the risk of falls. Get up and Go test and Tinetii Gait and Balance test were used for preliminary evaluation of gait and balance in elderly patients. The tests were performed both before and a month after Nordic Walking training. The results were statistically analyzed applying the PQStat software.
Results. Analysis of the results obtained before and after 1-month training in Functional Reach and Tinetti tests demonstrated significant improvement after the training, whereas the values obtained in the Get up and Go test after the training were much lower than before the training. A state of well-being in the subjective assessment of the respondents improved after Nordic Walking training.
Conclusions. One-month Nordic Walking training improved significantly gait and balance in the investigated subjects. A state of well-being in the subjective assessment of the respondents also improved after the training. Nordic Walking can become an important element in increasing the physical activity of older people and in improving their quality of life.

Key words:
physical activity, Nordic Walking, elderly people

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