Do Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA) and levels of physical activity help to maintain fitness status? Study on futsal women’s

Mochamad Ridwan, Anindya Mar’atus Sholikhah, Arifah Kaharina, Himawan Putranta


Mochamad Ridwan, Anindya Mar’atus Sholikhah, Arifah Kaharina, Himawan Putranta – Do Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA) and levels of physical activity help to maintain fitness status? Study on futsal women’s. Fizjoterapia Polska 2022; 22(4); 38-43

DOI: https://doi.org/10.56984/8ZG1A6R1m

Abstract
Introduction. The level of fitness is fundamental in the athlete’s success in achieving optimum performance. Aim. This paper aims to know the rate of recommended dietary allowances (RDA) and the physical activity to stay fit. Material and Methods. Analytical observational analysis with the cross-sectional design was the approach used in this study. Participants in this study is women’s futsal player of 16 subjects was selected for measures of physical health, macronutrient consumption, nutritional status, nutritional awareness, and level of physical activity. Fitness levels were assessed using a Multi-stage Fitness Test (MFT), and nutritional knowledge and physical activity with the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). Analysis of data is carried out in univariate, bivariate, and multivariate form using statistical software. Results. The findings of this analysis are that energy consumption, carbohydrates, and proteins are all under the RDA for most female futsal athletes. Nutritional status is not a significant relation with the degree of fitness. Better dietary awareness may enable us to pay more attention to safer and more healthy eating behavior. The conclusion is that the average intake of calories, carbohydrates, and proteins in most female futsal athletes is still well below the RDA. Nutritional status has no significant relationship with fitness level. Good nutritional knowledge will encourage a person to pay more attention to his eating behavior to be healthier and more balanced. Conclusions. The conclusion is that the average intake of energy, carbohydrates, and protein in most female futsal athletes is still far below the recommended Nutritional Adequacy Rate (RDA).

Keywords
futsal, physical activity, physical fitness, recommended dietary allowances

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Correlation among quality of life and physical activity toward body age, hydration and fat percentage

Yudik Prasetyo, Sumaryanto, Ahmad Nasrulloh, Krisnanda Dwi Apriyanto, Rizki Mulyawan, Susanto, Gunathevan, Frederick


Yudik Prasetyo, Sumaryanto, Ahmad Nasrulloh, Krisnanda Dwi Apriyanto, Rizki Mulyawan, Susanto, Gunathevan, Frederick – Correlation among quality of life and physical activity toward body age, hydration and fat percentage. Fizjoterapia Polska 2022; 22(2); 168-173

Abstract
Introduction. Having good healthy habits and making physical activity a lifestyle is everyone’s dream. Along with improving the quality of life and physical activity, it is expected to affect a person’s body age, hydration level, and fat percentage. Methods. This research is an analytic observational study conducted with a cross sectional approach. Observational analytical research is done by observing, without any action from the researcher. The research subjects were 35 students. Students with cardiovascular and respiratory disorders, who were on an exercise program, and had a history of fractures in the past 3 months or deformities of the arms, were excluded from this study. Students who were 18-21 years old, had a BMI below 30, and did not smoke or drink alcohol were involved in this study. Results. Significant correlation with p-value<0.01 in causality relationship between body age and hydration with Pearson value −0.751, body age and fat percentage 0.773, and Pearson value hydration and fat percentage −0.990. In addition, a significant correlation between quality of life and hydration has a Pearson value of −0.338. Quality of life and physical activity are not related and have a p-value of 0.39. Conclusion. The relationship between body age and hydration, and hydration with fat percentage has a very significant positive relationship. However, quality of life has no correlation with physical activity.
Key words:
quality of life, physical activity, body mass
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The relationship of anthropometric measurement, physical activity, psychosocial aspects and endometriosis

Shyamrani.Y, B.Sathya Prabha


Shyamrani.Y, B.Sathya Prabha – The relationship of anthropometric measurement, physical activity, psychosocial aspects and endometriosis. Fizjoterapia Polska 2022; 22(2); 50-53

Abstract
Aim. To find out the association between the anthropometric measurement, the physical activity, psychosocial level and endometriosis. Materials and Methods. Thirty women diagnosed as endometriosis and 30 age matched non endometriosis women were recruited. Anthropometric measurement – Body Mass Index (BMI) and Waist hip ratio (WHR) was measured. International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) and Beck Depression Inventory scale (BDI) were used to measure the physical activity level and the psychosocial level respectively. Results. There was a significant difference in BMI between the groups. The odds ratio and relative risk analysis of endometriosis showed that there is an association between increased BMI, WHR, BDI and the risk of endometriosis (p < 0.05). Conclusion. Increased Body mass index, Waist Hip Ratio and Beck depression score (BMI > 30, WHR > 0.85 and BDI > 16) are associated with increased risk of endometriosis.
Key words:
endometriosis, body mass index, physical activity, waist hip ratio, depression
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Physical activity and patients with frailty syndrome

Karolina Studzińska, Rafał Studnicki, Rita Hansdorfer-Korzon

Karolina Studzińska, Rafał Studnicki, Rita Hansdorfer-Korzon – Physical activity and patients with frailty syndrome. Fizjoterapia Polska 2022; 22(1); 52-61

Abstract
Frailty syndrome, otherwise known as weakness or decline in physiologic reserve syndrome, is an important health problem for an aging population. According to the definition, it is a syndrome characterized by a decrease in the body’s physiologic reserves as a result of the accumulation of reduced efficiency of many organs and systems. The prevalence of frailty increases with age, it is intensified by the burden of chronic diseases and limitation of physical fitness. Symptoms of frailty may appear before the age of 65, although the incidence worsens in people who are 70 and older. The consequence of frailty is limited resistance to stressors and the associated susceptibility to disproportionate deterioration of the patient’s health. It has been shown that the frailty syndrome is a dynamic and partially reversible condition, therefore, it is important to introduce preventive measures which will reduce the development of frailty and contribute to improvement of health. One of the most important interventions in the prevention and treatment of frailty syndrome is regular and properly planned physical activity.
The aim of the publication is to summarize the current knowledge and guidelines on planning an optimal physical activity program for this group of patients.
Key words:
frailty syndrome, weakness, aging, physical activity
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Physiotherapist’s role in physical activity of people working from home

Damian Durlak

Damian Durlak – Rola fizjoterapeuty w aktywności fizycznej u osób pracujących zdalnie. Fizjoterapia Polska 2021; 21(5); 226-232

Abstract
Introduction. COVID-19 pandemic introduced new restrictions and either forced or encouraged citizens to stay mostly in isolation, preferably at home. Many companies sent their employees to work from home. With fitness centers, gyms and other sport facilities closed by government, there were scarce chances and motivators to work out.
Objectives. This paper was dedicated to studying the possible outcomes of COVID-19 related isolation and decrease in citizen’s everyday activity. Proposed usage of telephysiotherapy is presented.
Methods. In this paper a literature review and a discussion is performed regarding the current work-from-home situation in Poland, drawbacks of prolonged isolation and areas where physiotherapists might help citizens.
Results. Reduction of physical activity has significant impact on individuals’ bodies and should not be ignored. Patients with specific diseases might use telephysiotherapy services and continue their treatment. However, there is a need to provide home office employees with a good source of motivation and properly prepared sets of exercises to remain healthy and fit. Physiotherapists have an occasion to provide such services and use their professional knowledge in this area.
Conclusions. Physiotherapistscan provide services like telephysiotherapy with sets of exercises provided for specific groups of users. This allows for a win-win situation: physiotherapists earn money on a slightly different type of tasks and patients have a professional source of profitable exercises.
Key words:
COVID-19, telephysiotherapy, physical activity, working from home
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The symptoms of an overactive bladder in Polish students of physiotherapy

Aneta Dąbek

Aneta Dąbek – The symptoms of an overactive bladder in Polish students of physiotherapy. Fizjoterapia Polska 2021; 21(3); 120-126

Abstract
Introduction. Overactive bladder (OAB) is a condition that is diagnosed by at least one of three symptoms: pollakiuria, nocturia, and strong urinary urgency. Overactive bladder is a social disease. It is estimated that problems with OAB affect from 2% to 53% of the population.
Objective. The objective of the study was to assess the incidence of overactive bladder in a group of potentially healthy people and to assess the risk factors for OAB.
Material and methods. The study group consisted of 85 students (58 women and 27 men) of Warsaw Universities, mainly students of courses in the field of physiotherapy. The mean age was 26 (SD = 5.74). The research tools were: the author’s questionnaire, voiding diary, GPPAQ (The General Practice Physical Activity Questionnaire) and the strip test.
Results. The analysis of data obtained from voiding diaries showed that the most common symptom of OAB was strong urinary urgency (33 people – 39%), followed by pollakiuria (21 people – 25%) and nocturia (15 people – 18%). There was a significant correlation between strong urinary urgency and gender (p = 0.03) and between strong urinary urgency and physical activity (p = 0.04).
Conclusions. 1. The group of potentially healthy students experienced symptoms of overactive bladder, such as pollakiuria, strong urinary urgency and nocturia. 2. The most common symptom of overactive bladder was urinary urgency. 3. Strong urinary urgency was more common among women and physically inactive people.
Key words:
overactive bladder, risk factors, physical activity
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Quantitative and qualitative aspects of physical activity in adults

Tadeusz Kasperczyk

Tadeusz Kasperczyk – Quantitative and qualitative aspects of physical activity in adults. Fizjoterapia Polska 2001; 1(1); 74-75

Abstract
This article deals with the theory of recreation (health) training. Motor activity is a modeling factor that leads to the most advantageous morphological and functional status of the organism. A link is assumed to exist between general health and the level of physical activity. Five different recommendations for a healthy daily dose of movement were subjected to quantitative and qualitative analysis: 1) daily exertion for ten minutes with an intensity equal to 80% of the maximum pulse; 2) 3 times a week for 30 minutes at an intensity sufficient to maintain a pulse rate of 130 (Cooper’s recommendations); 10-15,000 steps daily; a general recommendation that the energy cost of exertion should amount to 1200-2000 Kcal; and a one-hour walk every day. The exertion involved was characterized in terms of the exercise value in Kcal, oxygen consumption during exercise, and the magnitude of exertion as expressed by the so-called metabolic equivalent. It was ascertained by the recommendation of a one-hour daily walk meets the qualitative and quantitative requirements in respect to movement.

Key words:
Physical activity, Exertion, Health

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Atypical presentation of bilateral congenital high hip luxation – case illustration

Marcin Syrko, Jerzy Jabłecki, Andrzej Majer

Marcin Syrko, Jerzy Jabłecki, Andrzej Majer – Atypical presentation of bilateral congenital high hip luxation – case illustration. Fizjoterapia Polska 2006; 6(2); 163-166

Abstract

Congenital hip dislocation present in adults, thanks to the wide prophylaxis, is nowadays quite uncommon in Polish population. There are three distinct forms of this disease: 1) the dysplasia, in which the femoral head, despite some degree of subluxation is contained within the original acetabulum, 2) low dislocation, in which the femoral head articulate with a false acetabulum, and, 3) high dislocation, in which the femoral head has migrated superiorly and posteriorly and articulates with a hollow in the iliac wing. Acetabular deficiencies also have been noted in all three types. Evolution of pathological changes within the pelvis due to this dislocation is well known, resulting in serious locomotion disturbances. Similarly it is maintained in the medical literature that in the above mentioned cases the pain starts at an average age of about 30. This rules have exceptions and the case we observed is one of those. A 64-years of age patient was presented suffering from bilateral congenital high hip luxation. The pain ensuing from the congenital hip disease was localized in lower part of vertebral column appeared no sooner then at the senior age. It was the reason for orthopedic consultation. The patient was during all her life very physically active, participating in her youth in school sport competitions, moved until 64 years of age without crutches. The case was discussed with the reference of a general pathology of congenital hip disease and it’s operative options. It may serve as a prove that a strong dedication to physical activity may seriously diminish the sequels of even serious mutilation.

Key words:
congenital hip luxation, evolution of hip pathology, hip alloplasty, physical activity
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Physical exercises to ameliorate the sequelae of osteoporosis

Agnieszka Nawrat, Ewa Zmudzka-Wilczek

Agnieszka Nawrat, Ewa Zmudzka-Wilczek – Physical exercises to ameliorate the sequelae of osteoporosis. Fizjoterapia Polska 2009; 9(1); 69-74

Abstract
Background. The manifestations of osteoporosis, such as fractures, pain, disorders of gastrointestinal and respiratory function, and postural deformities, become evident only after a number of years. Appropriate and regular physical activity makes it pos-sible to ameliorate these signs and symptoms.The goal of the present study was to determine whether a 3-month bone-strength-ening exercise programme can reduce the negative consequences of osteoporosis by increasing mobility in the joints of the pe/wc and shoulder girdles and the spine and improving rib cage mobility.Materiał and methods. The study was carried out at the St. Elizabeth Centrę in Ruda Śląska and involved 30 patients with osteoporosis confirmed by densitometry The patients were divided into a study group and a control group on the basis of their involvement in the bone-strengthening exercise programme. Both groups underwent physical examinations. The following param-eters were evaluated: raising the upper limb forwards through flexion and sideways through abduction, flexion and abduction of the lower limb, sagittal and forward bending of the trunk (finger-floor test) and mobility of the rib cage. Results. The programme of bone-strengthening exercise was shown not to make a significant difference in the parameters of the locomotor system evaluated. Nevertheless, positive changes had been maintained with a tendency towards improvement in the following parameters: raising the upper limb forwards through flexion (41% improvement), mobility of the rib cage (40% improve-ment), and raising the upper limb sideways through abduction (33% improvement). Conclusions. A programme of physical exercise designed to strengthen bones exerts a positive effect slowing down the pro-gression of osteoporosis and may even improve the patienfs overall musculoskeletal health.
Key words:
physical activity, exercise, osteoporosis
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Pain among women with primary dysmenorrhea

Aneta Kościelny, Aneta Dąbek, Witold Rekowski

Aneta Kościelny, Aneta Dąbek, Witold Rekowski – Pain among women with primary dysmenorrhea. Fizjoterapia Polska 2021; 21(2); 84-92

Abstract
Objective. The objective of the study was to assess pain in a group of women with primary dysmenorrhea (PD) and to identify factors that may affect pain intensity. Material and methods. The study involved 336 women with PD symptoms, aged 18–35 years (mean age 23 ± 3.7). The study was conducted using an extensive online questionnaire. The research tools were: the authors’ questionnaire, the NRS numerical pain rating scale, the IPAQ International Physical Activity Questionnaire – short version and the PSS-10 scale of perceived stress. Results. Based on the conducted analysis, a high level of menstrual pain was observed in 64.6% of the women participating in the study. There was no significant correlation between the level of physical activity and pain (p = 0.280). The correlation between physical activity and the duration of menstruation was statistically significant (p = 0.05), as was the correlation between stress and pain (p = 0.05). BMI, pelvic position and body type did not correlate with menstrual pain (p > 0.05). Conclusions. 1. Most of the women participating in the study experienced high levels of pain in the lower abdomen in the first two days of menstruation. 2. Physical activity did not affect pain in the case of the women participating in the study, neither did: BMI, waist circumference, body type or pelvic position. 3. The high level of stress intensified pain in women with PD.
Key words:
pain, primary dysmenorrhea, physical activity
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