A Current Approach to Postural Care for Patients with Cerebral Palsy

Agata Michalska, Zbigniew Śliwiński, Justyna Pogorzelska, Marek Grabski

Agata Michalska, Zbigniew Śliwiński, Justyna Pogorzelska, Marek Grabski – A Current Approach to Postural Care for Patients with Cerebral Palsy. Fizjoterapia Polska 2018; 18(3); 102-112

 

Abstract
Introduction. Rehabilitation is an essential component of therapeutic treatment in cerebral palsy (CP). One of its objectives is to prevent secondary musculoskeletal deformities. The use of various techniques to minimize postural abnormalities and enhance functions is defined as postural care (or postural management). It encompasses proper patient positioning in the lying, sitting and standing positions combined with physical therapy.
Purpose. The purpose of the study is to present a current approach to postural care based on the review of source literature.
Conclusions. No generally accepted recommendations on supporting lying, sitting and standing positions have not been developed under the postural management programme so far. The majority of studies related to this field are conducted on not very numerous groups, with short periods of observations only. Thence it is difficult to assess the effectiveness of the postural management programme, although some study results indicate it as the promising method of neurogenic hip dislocation prevention. Appropriate postural support is deemed to facilitate CP patients’ activity and participation, improve their sense of competency and motivate them to act. Due to changes in equipment designs and new solutions launched, there is an urgent need to continue related research.

Key words:
postural managment, cerebral palsy

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Is it worth taking care of Polish medicine at the turn of the 19th and 20th century in the context of the idea of “immediate help”?

Jacek Rytkowski, Marek Kiljański, Zbigniew Śliwiński

Jacek Rytkowski, Marek Kiljański, Zbigniew Ślwiński – Is it worth taking care of Polish medicine at the turn of the 19th and 20th century in the context of the idea of “immediate help”? Fizjoterapia Polska 2018; 18(3); 94-101

 

Abstract
This paper was referring to the legitimacy – of undertaking research (much wider than before) on the history of Polish medicine turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, especially the period of 1918-1939. The text presented also obvious methodological problems that are associated with this task, for example: the problematic and essential questions are insufficient sources (excluding periodicals) for that time. The problems belong to the lack of materials significantly impedes the free work on these issues.
Besides, an important difficulty is the enormous range of meaning of these issues – together three elements are taken to discuss: the turn of the 19th and 20th century, the time before 1918 and the period 1918-1939. However, these issues are interesting enough that it should to take their analysis. This paper also discusses the concept of „emergency” as one of many elements characteristic to the „reborn” Polish medicine.

Key words:
medicine, history of medicine, emergency help, public health

An article published only in Polish, available only in the paper version of the journal

Safe physical effort for diabetic patients

Paulina Głowacka, Marcela Przyłudzka

Paulina Głowacka, Marcela Przyłudzka – Safe physical effort for diabetic patients. Fizjoterapia Polska 2018; 18(3); 86-93

 

Abstract
Systematic undertaking of regular, competitive physical exercise is an important component of the treatment of diabetes. Good metabolic control of diabetes is a key element in the effectiveness of physical training and sports success. A person who is active in sports with type 1 diabetes requires very precise insulin dosing as well as extensive knowledge and the ability to interpret metabolic phenomena occurring in the body during physical training. Errors in insulin therapy increase the risk of acute complications of diabetes, hypoglycaemia, ketoacidosis and negatively affect sports performance.

Key words:
diabetes, professional sport, insulin – dosage, carbohydrate metabolism

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The functional aspects of occupational therapy

Jerzy Rottermund, Joanna Szymańska, Aneta Warmuz-Wancisiewicz, Renata Szczepaniak

Jerzy Rottermund, Joanna Szymańska, Aneta Warmuz-Wancisiewicz, Renata Szczepaniak – The functional aspects of occupational therapy. Fizjoterapia Polska 2018; 18(3); 78-85

 

Abstract
The basic intent of occupational therapy is to reduce functional limitations or to completely eliminate them, along with striving to obtain, depending on the possessed psychophysical capabilities of self-reliance, self-sufficiency and independence. The aim of the work is to point to occupational therapy as a means to improve the functional efficiency necessary to perform everyday activities.
Functions in medicine mean activities and many physiological processeses that are essential in the work of the body as a whole. In occupational therapy, the term function means a series of activities that a participant of the therapy is able to perform. The article presents and discusses the conditions for the restoration of motor functions that an occupational therapist should consider in his or her professional work.

Key words:
occupational therapy, functional efficiency, dysfunction

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Changes in mobility of the lumbar spine under the influence of a series of low-frequency magnetotherapy procedures – randomized single-blind study

Katarzyna Juścińska, Wojciech Garczyński, Ignacy Kłonowski, Tomasz Kowalik, Magdalena Gębska

Katarzyna Juścińska, Wojciech Garczyński, Ignacy Kłonowski, Tomasz Kowalik, Magdalena Gębska – Changes in mobility of the lumbar spine under the influence of a series of low-frequency magnetotherapy procedures – randomized single-blind study. Fizjoterapia Polska 2018; 18(3); 64-77

 

Abstract
Introduction. In the literature, we find many works emphasizing the great role of physical therapy in treatment of spinal disorders. Low-frequency magnetic field therapy is mainly used as one of many elements of complex rehabilitation.
Aim of the study. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of a series of low-frequency magnetotherapy procedures on the limitation of mobility of the lumbar spine, as well as to determine whether the value of BMI and the age of patients affect the obtained result of the mobility range.
Material and methods. 40 people aged 30 to 71 were examined. The mobility was measured on the first and last day of the therapy using a modified fingertip-to-floor test. It was a randomized, single-blind study. Low-frequency magnetotherapy was applied in group A and simulation of the procedure in group B. Statistical analysis was conducted in the Statistica 12 programme.
Results. Differences in results obtained before and after the series of procedures in particular groups of patients were statistically insignificant (p=NS).
Conclusion. Low-frequency magnetotherapy does not affect the mobility range of the lumbar spine. The value of the body mass index has a slight influence on the range of movements, and also there is no relation between the age of the participants in the study and the range of mobility of a given section of the spine.

Key words:
magnetotherapy, magnetic field, lumbar spine, mobility limitation

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Faulty posture – analysis among school-age children and assessment of parents’ knowledge of prevention and correction

Renata Sawicka

Renata Sawicka – Faulty posture – analysis among school-age children and assessment of parents’ knowledge of prevention and correction. Fizjoterapia Polska 2018; 18(3); 56-63

Abstract
Introduction. The objective of this study is to analyse the frequency of faulty posture among school-age children. Additionally, the author will attempt to evaluate whether the place of residence affects the frequency of faulty posture and early diagnosis of faulty posture. Additionally, the level of parents’ knowledge of prevention and correction of faulty posture was analysed.
Materials and methods. The assessment covered 118 children aged 9-13, 58 of whom are girls and 60 – boys. Body posture assessment used the Kasperczyk point method consisting in observation of body structure while standing. The data collected was entered in an Excel database. The percentage rates were calculated for girls and boys separately, too. The statistical analysis was based on the Chi2 Test. Girls and boys were compared in terms of distribution of results in the scope of the respective variables analysed. In order to learn of parents’ knowledge of prevention and correction of faulty posture, a diagnostics survey was conducted in the form of a questionnaire.
Results. The author found that 33% school-age children demonstrate faulty posture and that there is no statistically significant difference between gender and frequency of faulty posture. It was demonstrated that faulty posture appears in children living both in cities and villages. It was proven there is no statistically relevant relationship between the place of residence and the age of diagnosing faulty posture. It follows from the research conducted that parents are aware of the causes of faulty posture and the ways of correcting it.
Conclusions. 1. School-age children continue to demonstrate faulty posture. 2. There is no statistically relevant relationship between gender and frequency of faulty posture. 3. The place of residence does not have a significant effect on diagnosis of faulty posture. . Parents are aware of prevention and correction of faulty posture. 5. The common prevalence of faulty posture should make parents, guardians and teachers observe children’s development so as to allow early therapeutic intervention.

Key words:
faulty posture, body posture, prevention, correction

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The effect of deep electromagnetic stimulation of pelvic floor muscles on low back pain in female patients with stress urinary incontinence

Agnieszka Przedborska, Małgorzata Kilon, Małgorzata Misztal, Jan W. Raczkowski

Agnieszka Przedborska, Małgorzata Kilon, Małgorzata Misztal, Jan W. Raczkowski – The effect of deep electromagnetic stimulation of pelvic floor muscles on low back pain in female patients with stress urinary incontinence. Fizjoterapia Polska 2018; 18(3); 46-54

Abstract
Objective. The goal of the study was to assess the effect of deep electromagnetic stimulation of pelvic floor muscles on low back pain in women with stress urinary incontinence.
Material and methods. The study was conducted in a group of 85 women with chronic low back pain and coexisting urinary incontinence who underwent 10 deep electromagnetic stimulation sessions of the pelvic floor. The assessment of the effectiveness of the therapy was performed on the basis of the VAS scale, the assessment of the activities of daily living and changes in the severity of symptoms associated with urinary incontinence.
Results. A statistically significant reduction in the severity of low back pain was reported according to the VAS scale – Me (IQR) respectively: 5 (4-7) before vs. 3 (1-4) after the therapy. Functional mobility and ability to perform everyday activities improved statistically significantly. There was also observed a statistically significant reduction in the incidence of urinary incontinence episodes (0% of patients without episodes of incontinence before therapy vs. 47.1% of patients after the treatment) and a decrease in the urine output. However, the obtained effects of the therapy were not long-lasting. In half of the patients, both the analgesic effect and the improvement of urinary incontinence symptoms lasted at most 2 months (IQR: 1-3 months in the case of low back pain and IQR: 1-2 months in the case of stress urinary incontinence).
Conclusions. 1. Deep electromagnetic stimulation of pelvic floor muscles decreases low back pain and reduces symptoms of stress urinary incontinence. 2. The improvement effect is not long-lasting.

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Key words:
low back pain, urinary incontinence, pelvic floor muscles, electromagnetic stimulation

Comparison of Physical Capacity in Swimming and Non-swimming Children Aged 10-12

Aleksandra Kruk, Joanna Spurek, Marek Kiljański

Aleksandra Kruk, Joanna Spurek, Marek Kiljański – Comparison of Physical Capacity in Swimming and Non-swimming Children Aged 10-12. Fizjoterapia Polska 2018; 18(3); 36-44

Abstract
Objective. The supreme objective of this study was to compare the physical capacity of swimming children and the children that do not do any physical activity, aged 10-12.
Materials and methods. The research was conducted among 60 children, of whom 30 swim regularly and the other half do not exercise physically at all. The research subjects included 13 girls and 17 boys aged 10-12. The study used a questionnaire as well as two exercise tests: Ruffier test and 6-minute march test.
Results. It was noted in the endurance tests that swimming persons had better results than the persons who do not do sports. The Ruffier test demonstrated that the physical performance of swimmers was better at almost every level. The 6-minute march test demonstrated that swimmers are able to cover a longer distance with a smaller effort than the physically passive persons. When analysing the results from the statistical point of view, one may note a relationship between the regularity of physical activity and the degree physical capacity.
Conclusions. The capacity of the children who are physically active is greater than of those who are not. The results are also affected by ways of spending free time and the amount of time devoted daily to activity.

Key words:
physical capacity, swimming, movement, physical activity

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Body posture in children practicing handball

Katarzyna Michalak, Natalia Dobrowolska, Sławomir Motylewski, Elżbieta Poziomska-Piątkowska

Katarzyna Michalak, Natalia Dobrowolska, Sławomir Motylewski, Elżbieta Poziomska-Piątkowska – Body posture in children practicing handball. Fizjoterapia Polska 2018; 18(3); 30-35

Abstract
Purpose. The purpose of the study was to establish the influence of practicing handball on body posture of children and to determine any possible asymmetry connected with regular training of this discipline.
Material and methods. The study was conducted among 40 12-year-old children (15 girls and 25 boys) training handball in Students Sport Club Anilana, Sobolowa 1 street, Lodz for at least 3 years. Children undergone body posture assessment according to Kasperczyk’s Point Method.
Results. In the studied group no significant deviations from correct posture were found in terms of head, shoulders, shoulders, chest, abdomen, lumbar lordosis, spine alignment and knees. Only one of the studied children presented significant change in the alignment of thoracic kyphosis and three – in the alignment of foot.
Conclusions. Training handball for at least 3 years enabled to maintain and fix correct body posture among 12-year-olds and did not cause any significant postural asymmetry.

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Key words:
body posture, sports training, adolescents

Efficacy of selected physiotherapeutic procedures in the treatment of lumbar spine pain

Tomasz Miśkiewicz, Zbigniew Dudkiewicz, Robert Irzmański, Katarzyna Michalak, Elżbieta Poziomska-Piątkowska

Tomasz Miśkiewicz, Zbigniew Dudkiewicz, Robert Irzmański, Katarzyna Michalak, Elżbieta Poziomska-Piątkowska – Efficacy of selected physiotherapeutic procedures in the treatment of lumbar spine pain. Fizjoterapia Polska 2018; 18(3); 12-28

Abstract
Aim of the study. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of selected sets of physiotherapeutic procedures for pain in the lumbosacral segment caused by degenerative disease.
Materials and Methods. The study involved 45 patients with pain syndromes within the lumbosacral spine, who underwent a series of physiotherapy treatments. The subjects were divided into four groups. Three groups were divided depending on the applied sets of physiotherapy treatments, while the fourth group (comparative) were those taking only non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for the duration of a series of treatments in the remaining groups. The patients were examined using the questionnaire of their own questionnaire, the SF-36 questionnaire (vol.2) of the short questionnaire version (Poland version), Lovett test, Laitinen scale and diagnostic tests (Laseque, Bragard, Thomayer). The tests were carried out immediately before the treatment series and two weeks after its completion.
Results. The subjects were aged 45-65. 71.1% were women and 28.9% were men. 13.3% of people were physically active. Spinal osteoarthritis was the cause of pain in all patients participating in the study. In the research group, a statistically significant difference was found between the results of the severity of pain, the level of muscle strength and the quality of life measured before physiotherapy and 2 weeks after its completion. In 90% of people participating in the procedures, an increase in muscle strength was obtained, whereas in the control group only in 6%. The improvement of the ranges of mobility in the discussed section of the spine concerned 46.6% of the subjects participating in the treatment series. In the comparison group, none of the patients improved their range of motion.
Conclusions. Physiotherapeutic treatments have a positive effect on the reduction of pathological symptoms of the lumbosacral spine. They have a positive effect on improving the quality of life, muscle strength, ranges of mobility and reducing or completely removing pain. Regardless of the applied set of physiotherapeutic treatments, they worked better than the intake of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs by patients.

Key words:
physiotherapy, degenerative disease, lumbosacral segment, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

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