The situation of mothers raising children with intellectual disabilities in relation to selected sociodemographic and clinical factors
Ewa Puszczałowska-Lizis, Aleksandra Rokosz, Izabela Zbrońska, Sabina Lizis
E. Puszczałowska-Lizis, A. Rokosz, I. Zbrońska, S. Lizis –The situation of mothers raising children with intellectual disabilities in relation to selected sociodemographic and clinical factors. Fizjoterapia Polska 2020; 20(2); 110-124
Background. The diagnosis of a child’s intellectual disability may trigger different emotions in parents, as a result of which the family may be strengthened, unified or weakened and destabilized. The aim of the study was to assess the situation of mothers raising children with disabilities depending on their age, living environment, education level and the degree of intellectual disability of the child.
Material and methods. The Chi-square test analyzed the results of 103 questionnaires from a diagnostic survey carried out in rehabilitation and educational facilities among mothers of children with intellectual disabilities.
Results. Statistically significant correlations between the age of mothers and the forms of education chosen for children (p = 0.021) and the type of extra classes (p = 0.015) were found. The level of education of mothers showed relationships with the type of sources of information about the specificity of child disorders (p = 0.043), and the degree of disability of the child with the frequency of receiving support from loved ones (p = 0.038), using institutional material help (p = 0.002), the type of factors that are most difficult to accept (p = 0.021), and feelings about the future of children (p = 0.002).
Conclusions. The mothers’ age determines the forms of education and the type of extra-curricular activities. The living environment does not determine the situation of families raising a child with intellectual disability. The mothers’ level of education determines the frequency of using sources of information about the specificity of a child’s disorder. The degree of intellectual disability of a child determines the frequency with which mothers can count on the support of the loved ones, the frequency of using material assistance provided by institutions, as well as the most difficult to accept factors and feelings about the future.
disability, support, acceptance, education
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